Isaac Newton

  • Birth

    Event number #1 - Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643, in Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, England to Hannah Ayscough and Isaac Newton Sr. His birth date on the Julien calendar was December 25, 1642. Newton was born prematurely and he was tiny, his father had died 2 months before he was born and his mother remarried when he was 3 years old. This is important because he had to grow up with his grandmother which was out of the ordinary (Berlinski 1).
  • Livestock Branding in the U.S

    Livestock Branding in the U.S
    Event#2 - In February 1644 Connecticut enacted the first branding law in the colonies. This is highly important because in 1644 if any cattle were to get out they would get back to their original owner. Owners had to register their marks in the towns book. This means that if cattle was loose the owner could be identified(Berlinski 73).
  • King Charles I surrenders in Scotland

    King Charles I surrenders in Scotland
    Event#3 - In 1646 King Charles I surrendered in Scotland in fear of getting captured by the English parliament and he was still captured. He was take to Newcastle and pressured to sign the National Covenant. He refused and was handed over to the English Parliament.
  • 1st compulsory school law in Massachusetts

    1st compulsory school law in Massachusetts
    Event #4 - In 1647 Massachusetts (when it was still a colony) was the first state to enact the compulsory education law. This means that the law and government control what schools can do. The law required an age minimum and an age maximum. Children must start school at the age of six and remain enrolled until they are at least sixteen. If they do not drop out they must stay in school until the age of eighteen.
  • 1651 Navigation Acts

    1651 Navigation Acts
    Event #5 - England's American colonies were only allowed to export on English ships. Any fish products coming to England had to be caught on English ships. The English tried to control as much of the American trade as they possibly could. No gold or silver could be imported or exported to or from the colonies as of 1651.
  • Education

    Event #6-Newton went back to Trinity College in 1661 after his mother tried to have him become a farmer. He spent the next forty years living there, as a student and then a professor. He found himself around many wealthy young men because his mother didn't want to pay his fees he had to work as a servant to the rich students. This is significant because if he did not go back to college then he would be a farmer for the rest of his life and his intelligence would have been wasted(Berlinski 13).
  • The first bible to be printed in America

    The first bible to be printed in America
    Event #7 - In colonial America, Bibles had to be imported from Britain, as the British government strictly regulated the printing of religious materials. It was illegal to print Bibles in the English language without a license from the king. In 1661 this was very important because it was done illegally and nobody gave the Harvard student permission to translate and print the bible.
  • Calculus

    Event #8 - Isaac Newton and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz both created parts on calculus during 1665. Calculus literally meaning small pebble in latin, is the mathematical study of continuous change. This is significant to Sir Isaac Newton's history because this is what got his name in with many other Mathematicians(Gale 32).
  • Colour

    Event #9 - Isaac Newton invented the theory of colour. This theory says that the white light causes the human eye to recognize certain sounds off the walls as colors. He was the first to understand the rainbow. He reflects white light with a prism resolving it into its component colors. Red, orange, yellow, green, blue and violet. This is significant to Newton because he got his name in with many other scientists in 1665 he is now classified as a genius.(Berlinski 78)
  • Reflecting Telescope

    Reflecting Telescope
    Event #10 - The reflecting telescope was a groundbreaking invention in 1668 the reflecting telescope was invented by Isaac Newton because he wanted to learn more about the way the planets moved. He used a mirror as a lens to reflect the light instead of it passing through the lens and separating into color.
    Now he could learn more about the movement of the planets. He donated a telescope to the Royal Society. This is a significant invention and is still used today(Gale 23).
  • Royal Society

    Royal Society
    Event #11 - Newton joined the Royal Society in 1671. This is a group of scholars who met every week to watch experiments and talk about science that was founded in 1660. Newton donated a telescope to the Royal Society. Newton was appointed Master of the Mint in February 1700. He remained Master until his death.
    This is significant because Newton had to share his thoughts before they were perfected(Berlinski 160).
  • Motion

    Event #12 - In 1687 Isaac Newton discovered motion. The first law was that all objects in motion must stay in motion. The second law stated what acceleration was, if a ball is rolling down a hill it will go faster than a ball rolling uphill. The third law was that every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Newtons laws are significant because they explain movement of everything in the universe(Pascal 79).
  • Appointed Warden of the Mint

    Appointed Warden of the Mint
    Event #13 - In 1696 Isaac Newton was appointed warden on the recommendation of Charles Montague. Newtons new role came at a time that English currency was encountering a counterfeit crisis. He oversaw the the creation of a new coin with ridged edges. Newton did such a good job that he was promoted to Master of the Mint in 1699. This is significant because he led the Great Recoinage.
  • Opticks

    Event #14 - This Book written by Isaac Newton in 1704 mainly focuses on the nature of light. The information was a summary of research done twenty years earlier. This book was the end of Newton's scientific career. This was significant because it explained his conclusions in detail and convinced that his theories were true.
  • Steam engine

    Steam engine
    Event #15 - The steam powered engine was invented in 1712. It is one of the most important pieces of the Industrial Revolution. The basic principle on how the steam engine worked was condensation of water vapor to create a vacuum.
  • Death March 31, 1727

    Death March 31, 1727
    Event #16 - Isaac Newton died in his sleep on March 31, 1727, at the age of 82. He was a significant person because of his contributions to science.