Intelligence

  • Lord Byron

    Dies; doctors discover his brain is 5 pounds (normal brain is around 3 pounds)
  • Beethoven

    Dies; brain found to have exceptionally numerous and deep concolutions
  • Alfred Binet

    Created an intelligence test to identify French schoolchildren needing special attention
  • Lewis Terman

    Extended Binet's test to include teenagers and "superior adults"
  • William Stern

    Created the IQ test
  • Lewis Terman

    Discovered children with IQ's above 135 were healthy, well-adjusted, and unusually successful academically -they weren't mutated freaks but normal people.
  • J. McVicker Hunt

    Published his book: Intelligence and Experience
  • Project Head Start

    Inspired by Hunt's book; U.S. government-funded preschool program
  • J. McVicker Hunt

    Discoverd children who had minimal interaction suffered delayed development
  • Earl Hunt

    Found verbal intelligence scores are predictable from the speed with which people retrieve information from memory
  • Philip Vernon

    Speculated that "faster cognitive processing may allow more information to be acquired"
  • Nathan Brody

    Suspects fast reactions on simple tasks reflect one's core information proccessing ability
  • Sandra Witelson

    Studied Eisntein's brain -wasn't notably larger than the average brain but was 15% larger in the parietal lobe's lower region used for processing math & spatial information
  • John Duncan

    Suggests frontal lobe area just above the edge of the eyebrows may be a "global workspace for organizing and coordinationg information"
  • Dennis Garlick

    "Intelligence is due to the development of neural connections in response to the environment"
  • Satoshi Kanazawa

    argues that general intelligence evolved as a form of intelligence that helps people solve novel problems
  • Steven Pinker

    Argues that biological and social influences appear to affect gender differences in life priorities, risk-taking, and in math reasoning and spatial abilities