Old film countdown

Instructional Design and Technology Timeline (Source: Reiser, Robert A. A history of instructional design and technology: Part I: A history of instructional media, Educational Technology, Research and Development 49.1 (2001): 53.)

By slugbug
  • Period: to

    Developments in Instructional Design and Technology

  • School Museums

    St. Louis, MO: first school museum opens, featuring charts, exhibits, slides and films.
  • Visual Instruction Movement

    School museums plus use of magic lanterns, stereopticons and instructional films mark the beginning of the visual education movement.
  • Thomas Edison, "Books will soon be obsolete in the schools."

    (Actual impact of instructional films on educational practice was minimal.)
  • 1920s and 1930s: AUDIOvisual Instructional Movement

    Availability of radio broadcasting and movies with sound launches audiovisual instruction movement. Radio hailed as great revolutionary educational development. In reality: impact was very little.
  • Department of Visual Instruction created

    Three professional organizations merged to create this organization which was part of the National Education Association, now called AECT.
  • 1940s: World War II - Military training films and filmstrips

    1943-1945: Estimated more than four million showings of training films to US Military personnel. Also: overhead projectors, slide projectors, flight simulators.
  • Post WWII: research into design of AV materials and learning principles

    Educational practices were not greatly affected by the research findings - focus was on application of Communications model.

    FCC sets aside 242 channels for educational purposes. Ford Foundation funds major educational projects for TV. Actual impact on educational practice is minimal.
  • Educational TECHNOLOGY Movement

    National profession organization renamed: previously Department of Audiovisual Instruction, now: Association for Educational Communications and Technology.
  • Computers in Schools

    By 1983, more than 75% of secondary schools and 45% of elementary schools used computers. Impact still minimal and computers used for activities like practice drills and word-processing.

    Increase in Distance Learning and internet access. 50% of schools had internet access in 1995, increasing to 90% in 1998. 78% of public four-year colleges offering distance learning.
  • Increasing impact of computer-based instructional media

    Increased interactivity and accessibility (mobile devices, chat, social media, email) resulting in greater impact of technology and media on eductional practice.