Cyrus W. Field's transatlantic cable was improved, resulting in nearly instantaneous communication overseas
National Labor Union was created
The National Labor Union was created to unite all workers from all working classes.
Typewriter was invented
NY Central Railroad was built
Railroad connecting NYC to Chicago was built, running 4,500 miles of track. Its creation made travel between those two industrial cities much easier.
Vote recording machine was invented
Edison successfully completed his 1st invention, creating a vote-recording machine.
Air brake was invented
George Westinghouse developed an air brake for railroads
Knights of Labor was founded
Knights of Labor was founded as a secret society, only going public in 1881 in order to welcome all workers, regardless of gender or race.
Wyoming grants suffrage
Wyoming becomes the 1st state to grant universal women's suffrage
Transcontinental Railroad was built
Chinese immigrants built a railroad through the Sierras, ending in Promontory Point, UT, creating the first transcontinental railroad. This development made travel increasingly easier.
Carnegie's steel industry was established
Through the development in producing high-quality steel (1850) from blasting air through iron, Carnegie created a steel empire in the United States. Carnegie implimented the practice of vertical integration.
1st modern research lab established
Edison established the world's 1st modern reserach lab in Menlo Park, NJ
Johns Hopkins was founded
Johns Hopkins became the 1st US university establised for advanced graduate studies.
Telephone was invented
Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone
Railroad Strike of 1877
A dramatic wage cut led to the strike of railroad workers in 11 states, therefore shutting down 2/3 of America's railways.
Cash register was invented
Standard Oil Trust
Owned by Rockefeller, controlled 90% of the oil industry, grew the complany to $900 million by retirement.
Chinese Exclusion Act
Chinese immigrants were no longer allowed to enter the US
Fountain pen was invented
Lewis E. Waterman invented the fountain pen, and it was commercially produced
Transformer was invented
George Westinghouse created a transformer for alternating high-voltage current, which allowed for the lighting of cities and the operation of electric transportation and appliances
1st skyscraper built
William Jenny built the Home Insurance Building in Chicago. Standing 10 stories, it became the 1st true skyscraper.
Bombing in Chicago, the 1st of the Knights of Labor's May Day actions
American Federation of Labor was founded
Founded as an association including 25 craft groups, advocated for improved working conditions, largest union at 1 million members
Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty was placed at Ellis Island and became a symbol of hope and the American Dream for many immigrants
Calculator was invented
Kodak camera was invented
Kodak camera was invented by George Eastman and was commercially produced.
Basketball was invented
Basketball was invented at Springfield College in Springfield, MA
The homestead steel company cut wages by 20%, causing a very large strike that impacted the industry until the 1930's
Ellis Island opens
Ellis Island opens as a US immigration center, makes the process of immigration much more difficult.
Chicago World's Fair
Chicago hosted the 1893 World's Fair, drawing 12 million visitors to their city, and greatly improving public opinion of the city.
World's Columbian Expositon
The World's Colombian Exposition was held, showcasing both modern and classic architectural styles.
Panic of 1893
Financial panic that caused 1/4 of all railroads to go bankrupt. Many bankers tried to gain ownership of the failed railroads in order to consolidate them.
Pullman's railroad car company cut wages for all workers, and fired any that tried to negotiate. Multiple industries (ex. US mail) tried to aid Pullman by using his cars in their industries.
Safety razor/blade was invented
King Gillette invented the safety razor/blade, and it was commercially produced
Carnegie's steel complany was sold
Carnegie sold his steel company for $400 million to JP Morgan.
World War I begins
WWI begins, causing a group of "new" immigrants to come to the US from central Europe.