Urbantenement

Industrial Society

  • Telegraph was invented

    Telegraph was invented
    Samuel FB Morse invented the workable telegraph
  • 1st US oil well drilled

    1st US oil well drilled
    Pennsylvania; drilled by Edwin Drake
  • Transatlantic cable was improved

    Transatlantic cable was improved
    Cyrus W. Field's transatlantic cable was improved, resulting in nearly instantaneous communication overseas
  • National Labor Union was created

    National Labor Union was created
    The National Labor Union was created to unite all workers from all working classes.
  • NY Central Railroad was built

    NY Central Railroad was built
    Railroad connecting NYC to Chicago was built, running 4,500 miles of track. Its creation made travel between those two industrial cities much easier.
  • Typewriter was invented

    Typewriter was invented
  • Vote recording machine was invented

    Vote recording machine was invented
    Edison successfully completed his 1st invention, creating a vote-recording machine.
  • Air brake was invented

    Air brake was invented
    George Westinghouse developed an air brake for railroads
  • Knights of Labor was founded

    Knights of Labor was founded
    Knights of Labor was founded as a secret society, only going public in 1881 in order to welcome all workers, regardless of gender or race.
  • Wyoming grants suffrage

    Wyoming grants suffrage
    Wyoming becomes the 1st state to grant universal women's suffrage
  • Transcontinental Railroad was built

    Transcontinental Railroad was built
    Chinese immigrants built a railroad through the Sierras, ending in Promontory Point, UT, creating the first transcontinental railroad. This development made travel increasingly easier.
  • Period: to

    Carnegie's steel industry was established

    Through the development in producing high-quality steel (1850) from blasting air through iron, Carnegie created a steel empire in the United States. Carnegie implimented the practice of vertical integration.
  • Telephone was invented

    Telephone was invented
    Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone
  • 1st modern research lab established

    1st modern research lab established
    Edison established the world's 1st modern reserach lab in Menlo Park, NJ
  • Johns Hopkins was founded

    Johns Hopkins was founded
    Johns Hopkins became the 1st US university establised for advanced graduate studies.
  • Railroad Strike of 1877

    Railroad Strike of 1877
    A dramatic wage cut led to the strike of railroad workers in 11 states, therefore shutting down 2/3 of America's railways.
  • Cash register was invented

    Cash register was invented
  • Standard Oil Trust

    Standard Oil Trust
    Owned by Rockefeller, controlled 90% of the oil industry, grew the complany to $900 million by retirement.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    Chinese immigrants were no longer allowed to enter the US
  • Fountain pen was invented

    Fountain pen was invented
    Lewis E. Waterman invented the fountain pen, and it was commercially produced
  • Transformer was invented

    Transformer was invented
    George Westinghouse created a transformer for alternating high-voltage current, which allowed for the lighting of cities and the operation of electric transportation and appliances
  • 1st skyscraper built

    1st skyscraper built
    William Jenny built the Home Insurance Building in Chicago. Standing 10 stories, it became the 1st true skyscraper.
  • Haymarket Bombing

    Haymarket Bombing
    Bombing in Chicago, the 1st of the Knights of Labor's May Day actions
  • American Federation of Labor was founded

    American Federation of Labor was founded
    Founded as an association including 25 craft groups, advocated for improved working conditions, largest union at 1 million members
  • Statue of Liberty

    Statue of Liberty
    The Statue of Liberty was placed at Ellis Island and became a symbol of hope and the American Dream for many immigrants
  • Calculator was invented

    Calculator was invented
  • Kodak camera was invented

    Kodak camera was invented
    Kodak camera was invented by George Eastman and was commercially produced.
  • Basketball was invented

    Basketball was invented
    Basketball was invented at Springfield College in Springfield, MA
  • Homestead Strike

    Homestead Strike
    The homestead steel company cut wages by 20%, causing a very large strike that impacted the industry until the 1930's
  • Ellis Island opens

    Ellis Island opens
    Ellis Island opens as a US immigration center, makes the process of immigration much more difficult.
  • Panic of 1893

    Panic of 1893
    Financial panic that caused 1/4 of all railroads to go bankrupt. Many bankers tried to gain ownership of the failed railroads in order to consolidate them.
  • Chicago World's Fair

    Chicago World's Fair
    Chicago hosted the 1893 World's Fair, drawing 12 million visitors to their city, and greatly improving public opinion of the city.
  • World's Columbian Expositon

    World's Columbian Expositon
    The World's Colombian Exposition was held, showcasing both modern and classic architectural styles.
  • Pullman Strike

    Pullman Strike
    Pullman's railroad car company cut wages for all workers, and fired any that tried to negotiate. Multiple industries (ex. US mail) tried to aid Pullman by using his cars in their industries.
  • Safety razor/blade was invented

    Safety razor/blade was invented
    King Gillette invented the safety razor/blade, and it was commercially produced
  • Carnegie's steel complany was sold

    Carnegie's steel complany was sold
    Carnegie sold his steel company for $400 million to JP Morgan.
  • World War I begins

    World War I begins
    WWI begins, causing a group of "new" immigrants to come to the US from central Europe.