Indian Nationalism and Independence Timeline

  • Indian Rebellion

    Indian Rebellion
    British controlled most of the Indian subcontinent. Indians believed that not only were the British controlling their land but were also trying to convert them to Christianity. They resented their constant racism.
  • Sepoy

    Sepoys rebelled and marched to Delhi. where they captured it. This rebellion spread to northern and central India. British and sepoys tried to slaughter each other’s armies. East India Company took more than a year to regain control of the country. This fueled the racist attitudes of the British.
  • The Turning Point

    The Turning Point
    Mutiny marked a turning point in Indian History. The British government took control of India and promised that the states that were free would stay independent. But, they began to take control of those states unoficially.
  • Rise of Nationalism

    Rise of Nationalism
    2 Indian laqyers gathered together in Bombay to form the Indian National Congress or Congress Party is founded. This groups worked togther to reach independence from the British
  • Gandhi kicked out of the train

    Gandhi kicked out of the train
    In the train to South Africa, the officer didn't beleive that he was an attorney because of his colored skin. He told Gandhi to move to the back of the train with all the others becasue he could not be in frist class, but Gandhi refused and so the officer kicked him out of the train.
  • Natal Indian Congress

    Natal Indian Congress
    Gandhi created the Natal Indian Congress because he opposed a bill that attempted for Indians to vote in South Africa. He failed but made many issues and injustices be changed and be successful.
  • Gandhi Beaten Down

    Gandhi was beaten down by a white mob in Durban. He refused to press charges which later created the "non-violence" statement. This incident brought to him many followers and for him to be well known around the country.
  • Going back home

    Going back home
    Gandhi returns to India to attend the Indian National Congress. and Gokhale introduces him to nationalist leaders,
  • Indian Nationalism Grows

    Indian Nationalism Grows
    A group called "Muslim League" is founded to fight for the independence from the British. They wanted self-government and so Indians and Muslims worked together to fight for their independence.
  • Gandhi arrives to Bombay

    Gandhi arrives to Bombay
    In the Apollo Bunder in Bombay, people welcome Gandhi because for some people he is their only hope.
  • End of WWI

    End of WWI
    Once Indian troops returned home, they had this idea that the British would treat them nice. But they were wrong about them and this caused acts of violence against the British. This increased the nationalism in India.
  • Massacre of Amritsar and the Rowlatt Act

    Massacre of Amritsar and the Rowlatt Act
    Under General Dyer command, British tropps slaughter Indian protesters. Because of their violence, the British passed the Rowlatt Act. Which stated that the government was allowed to jail protesters without trial for as long as two years. This sparked anger across India.
  • Civil Disobedience

    Civil Disobedience
    Congress Party performed civil disobedience (active refusal of certain unjust laws in a non-violent manner). The British arrested thousands of Indians who had participated in this, and even though Gandhi pleaded for no violence, some protests led to riots. Later on, Gandhi created a non-cooperation campaign to withdraw from British products like cloth, and instead people bought homemade Indian products. English economy in India goes down because of this.
  • Fasting

    Gandhi started to fast (stop eating) to end violent protests, and they did. And then, Gandhi is sent to jail for 6 years. Fortunately, he was released two years later.
  • The Salt March

    The Salt March
    British laws were created and one of them said that Indians could only buy salt from the government, and had to pay taxes for the salt. Gandhi and his followers protested walking hundreds of miles to the seacoast, where they made their own salt. This peaceful protest was called The Salt March.
  • Rule of the British

    Rule of the British
    British Parliament passed the Government of India Act: Provided local self-government and limited democratic elections, but no total independence. This created tension between Muslims and Hindus, for each had a different visions of India’s future.
  • 21-Day Hunger Protest

    21-Day Hunger Protest
    Gandhi began a 21 day hunger strike for the unity of Hindu-Muslim after the first Non-Cooperation Movement. He was against the separation of India. Later on he was overruled by the Muslim League.
  • Dividing States

    Dividing States
    India becomes independent from England, following partition of Pakistan and India.
  • Death of Gandhi

    Death of Gandhi
    Gandhi died because a hindu nationalist shoots him at a house prayer.