Gandhi went to south africa and joined a law firm. for 20 years he fought laws that discriminatedd against indians in south africa; this is where he adopted to nonviolence resistance
Returns to India
Gandhi returned to india and joined the congress party where his ideas inspired indians od all relegions to resist british rule.
Gandhi embraced Hindu traditions, he preached the ancient doctrine of ahimsa or nonviolence and reverence for life. By using the power of love, he believed, people could convert even the worst wrongdoer to the right course of action.
Gandhi admired Christian teachings and read the works of Thereau who believed in civil disobidience: refusal to obey unjust laws.
indian leaders adressed the crowd General Reginald Dyer arrived with 50 soldiers who opened fire on unarmed men, women, and children trapped in a feildkillin 379 people and wounding 1,100 people.
Gandhi went to England
Gandhi went to england to study law at 19 years old.
Boycotting British Goods
Gandhi launched a series of non-violent actions against British rule. He had the indians boycott British goods especially textiles, and urged indians to only wear cotton grown and woven in India.
Britain charged and taxed Indians for salt and didnt allow them to get salt from the sea. During the Salt March Ghandi with 78 followers marched toward to sea to protest against the British. By the time they reached the sea, there were thousands of marchers that had joined.
Salt March Embarassed Britain
The salt march embarrassed Britian. They were brutally clubbing peaceful marchers who tried to occupy a government saltworks. In india, the British officials were jailing people who asked for basic freedom that British people had.
A Seperate Muslim State
In 1930s The muslim League gained a new leader named Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He represented Muslim interests within the Congress party. Later, he looked to make a seperate muslim state called Pakistan, which means "land of the pure"
India was gaining Independance when World War II started. Britian postponed further action on independance for India and brought them into the war without there consent. Some Indians campaigned against this and were thrown in jail by the British while other millions of Indians helped Britian in the war
When the war ended in 1945 they could not delay Indias Independance anymore but a new problem happend as Hindu-Muslim violence raged on the Indian subcontinent
Britain finally agreed to India's Independance but the problem was what would hapen to muslims in a Hindu-dominated India
Muhhamad Ali Jinnah
Muhhamad Ali Jinnah insisted that muslims get there own state
In 1947 Britain divided India into Hindu-India and Muslim-Pakistan
Hindus and Muslims couldn't stay away since they were side by side. This made for violence in northern India. Hindu mobs killed muslims fleeng to Pakistan. Muslims killed Hindu neighbors. Millions were killed .
Ghandi is killed
Ghandi returned to Satyagraha and was shot and killed by a Hindu extremist.