Imperial Japan

  • Tokugawa Shogunate

    Tokugawa Shogunate
    The tokugawa shogunate had ruled the japanese islands for two hundred years. It had made missionaries and foreigh traders leave and basically isolate the country from having any contact with the outside world. They only had formal relations with korea.
  • American Fleet ships

    American Fleet ships
    Commodore perry ordered an american fleet of four warships to arrive in Edo Bay. They were going there to, as Perry said, "to bring a singular and isolated people into the family of civilized nations.”
  • Townsend Harris treaty

    Townsend Harris treaty
    U.S. counsul Townsend Harris signes a more detailed treaty. It said that there needed to be several more openings of new ports for U.S. trade and residence. Similar treaties were signed by Japan and European nations.
  • Sat-Cho

    The Sat-Cho alliance forced the Shogun to promise to end relations with the west. The rebellion groups had showed their own weakness. When Choshu troops fired on Western ships in the Strait of Shimonoseki, which leads into the Sea of Japan, the Westerners fired back and destroyed the Choshu fortifications.
  • Sat-cho armies

    Sat-cho armies
    The Sat-Cho armies attacked the Shogun's palace in Kyoto and proclaimed that the authority of the emperor had been restored. After a few weeks, the shogun’s forces collapsed, ending the shogunate system.
  • Meiji Constituiton

    Meiji constituiton was adopted. it was modeled after Imperial Germany. Most authority given to executive branch. The emperor exercised all executive authority, but in practice he was a nut. The reall authority was with a prime minister and his cabinet of ministers.
  • Russian naval base.

    Russian naval base.
    Japan launched a surprise attack on the Russian naval base at Port Arthur, which Russia had taken from China in 1898. When Japanese forces moved into Manchuria and the Liaodong Peninsula, Russian troops proved to be no match for them. The Russian commander in chief said, “It is impossible not to admire the bravery and activity of the Japanese. The attack of the Japanese is a continuous succession of waves, and they never relax their efforts by day or by night.”
  • Liaodong Peninsula

    Russians agreed to a humiliating peace. They gave the Liaodong Peninsula back to Japan, as well as the southern part of Sakhalin . The Japanese victory stunned the world. Japan had become one of the great powers.
  • President Theodore Roosevelt

    President Theodore Roosevelt
    President Theodore Roosevelt made a “gentlemen’s agreement” with Japan that essentially stopped Japanese immigration to the United States.
  • Korea

    Japan annexed Korea outright. Mutual suspicion between the two countries was growing, however. The Japanese resented U.S. efforts to restrict immigration.