Mongol Want it allWhen the Mongol leader Genghis Khan rose to power he began a quest which conquered so many places across the world.
"We want all of China" Mongolian LeadersIn 1266 the Mongolian Leader Kublai Khan wanted to get all of the Chinese areas, including Japan. So he sent a message to the Japanese Emporer or in his words "the ruler of a small country," surrender and pay him his amount of tribute. Japan was not ready to give up so easily.
"Lets Get All of the Forces We can" Leaders of Mongol and JapanBoth countries began to rally forces in this war here are the statistic before the first fight.
Mongol- 300 to 600 ships and 40,000 men.
Japan- 10,000 men and the few squabbling samurai. :(
Mongol Begin Their March to JapanThey began their assault from Mason port in what is current day South Korea. It is said that there were almost 600- 900 and set out for the Sea of .
Nov 18, 1274
Taking TerritoryAs the began their pursuit to Japan they stole the island of Tsushima and Iki about halfway between the tip of the Korean peninsula and the main islands of Japan, killing the 300 forces of resistance. They forced the Japanese to the island of Kyushu.
Nov 20, 1274
" This Cant Get Worse!" -Samurai " Yes it Can" - MongolsThis war just keeps getting worse for the Japanese, the Yuan forces used poison-tipped arrows, catapult-launched explosive shells, and a shorter bow that was accurate at twice the range of the samurai's longbows. In addition, the Mongols fought in units, rather than each man for himself. Drumbeats relayed the orders guiding their precisely coordinated attacks. All of this was new to the samurai so sadly they all died often fatally so.
Dec 1, 1274
" Just Look at Those Winds"During the continuing of the invasion high wind were hitting Japan. This was unfortunate for the Mongols because it was causing their ships to sway. So the Chinese and Korean sailors were coaxing their Mongolian generals to turn the ships around so that the wouldn't all drown in Hakata Bay. The Mongol Generals listened and sailed their ships right into the storm. Two days later, a third of the ships lay on the base of the Pacific, and almost 13,000 of Kublai Khan's soldiers and sailors had died.
" Oh thank god were sparred"- JapaneseThe battered Mongolian and other survivors limped home, and Japan was spared the Great Khan's and making the Japanese win. In the spring of 1281, the Japanese got word that a second Yuan invasion force was coming their way.
Mar 21, 1281
The Numbers This TimeJapan- With more forewarning of this second attack, Japan was able to muster 40,000 samurai and other fighting men. They assembled behind the defensive wall at Hakata Bay, their eyes trained to the west.
Mongol- The Mongols sent two separate forces this time—an impressive force of 900 ships containing 40,000 Korean, Chinese, and Mongol troops set out from Masan South Korea, while an even larger force of 100,000 sailed from southern China in 3,500 ships. The plan was an overwhelming attack.
Jun 23, 1281
" Come on China were dying literally"- First ForceThe Korean fleet reached Hakata Bay on June 23, 1281, but the ships from China were nowhere to be seen. The smaller division of the Yuan army was unable to breach the Japanese defensive wall, so a stationary battle evolved. Samurai weakened their opponents by rowing out to the Mongol ships in small boats under cover of darkness, setting fire to the ships and attacking their troops, and then rowing back to land.
Aug 12, 1281
They are finally here!A stalemate between the evenly-matched foes lasted for 50 days, as the Korean fleet waited for the expected Chinese reinforcements. On August 12, the Mongols' main fleet landed to the west of Hakata Bay
Aug 15, 1281
Big WindsOn August 15, 1281, a second typhoon roared ashore at Kyushu. Of the khan's 4,400 ships, only a few hundred rode out the towering waves and vicious winds. Nearly all of the invaders drowned in the storm, and those few thousand who made it to shore were hunted and killed without mercy by the samurai with very few returning to tell the tale at Dadu.
They called the two storms kamikaze, or "divine winds."
Sep 1, 1282
Samurai vs PriestOnce again the samurai demanded payment for the three months they'd spent warding off the Mongols. In addition, this time the priests who had prayed for divine protection added their own payment demands, citing the typhoons as evidence of the effectiveness of their prayers.
What a Legend!The Samurai passed down the story of the kamikaze, and Japan's warriors drew strength and inspiration from the legend for centuries.
Affect on TodayAs late as World War II from 1939 to 1945, Japanese imperial troops invoked the kamikaze( a Japanese aircraft loaded with explosives and making a deliberate suicidal crash on an enemy target.) in their battles against the Allied forces in the Pacific and its story still influences the nature's culture to this day.
SiteKublai Khan and the Mongols' Invasions of Japan - ThoughtCo
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