Japan By iloveme5895 Period: 14,500 BCE to 300 BCE Jomon Period Jomon Period in Japan 10,000 BCE Ice Age ends, land bridges recede The Ice Age ends and land bridges recede leaving groups of people on an island that is to become Japan. Period: 1000 BCE to 300 BCE Late phase of the Jomon Period The Late phase of the Jomon Period, rice farming and metalworking are brought to Japan. Period: 300 BCE to 250 BCE Yayoi Period The Yayoi Period in ancient Japan 100 BCE Metal tools from bronze and iron, religion Shinto Metal tools made from bronze and iron. Primary religion at this time is Shinto. 4 BCE Ise Grand Shrine Traditional founding date of the Ise Grand Shrine in honour of the Shinto goddess Amaterasu Period: 189 to 248 reign of Queen Himiko The reign of Queen Himiko. 238 Queen Himiko sends tribute to China Queen Himiko of Japan sends a tribute delegation to China Period: 250 to 538 Kofun Period The Kofun Period in ancient Japan. Period: 250 to 719 Yamato Period 250 CE - 710 CE The Yamato Period in ancient Japa Period: 300 to 700 Haniwa terracotta placed outside Japanese mound tombs/kofun Haniwa terracotta figurines are placed outside Japanese mound tombs/kofun 366 Japan diplomacy with Korea Japan establishes diplomatic relations with Korea. Period: 413 to 478 ambassadors and tribute to China Japanese kings send ambassadors and tribute to China. 478 Toyouke shrine founding of the Toyouke shrine at the Shinto Ise Grand Shrine in Japan 500 Japanese culture influenced by China Japanese culture is influenced by China. Chinese writing and characters are introduced. Period: 531 to 571 Reign of Emperor Kimmei Reign of Emperor Kimmei in Japan Period: 535 to 539 Reign of Emperor Senka Reign of Emperor Senka in Japan. Period: 538 to 710 Asuka Period The Asuka Period in ancient Japan. 552 introduction of Buddhism introduction of Buddhism to Japan from Korea. Period: 572 to 585 Emperor Bidatsu Reign of Emperor Bidatsu in Japan Period: 585 to 587 Emperor Yomei Reign of Emperor Yomei in Japan 587 Soga clan control government The Soga clan establish control of government in Japan Period: 587 to 592 Emperor Sushun Reign of Emperor Sushun in Japan Period: 592 to 628 Empress Suiko Reign of Empress Suiko in Japan 593 Shitennoji Buddhist temple is built The Shitennoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan 593 Buddhist Gango-ji temple The Buddhist Gango-ji temple, the oldest in Japan, is founded at Asuka. Period: 594 to 622 Reign of Prince Shotoku Reign of Prince Shotoku as regent for Japanese Empress Suiko. 596 Hokoji Buddhist temple The Hokoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan 604 Seventeen Article Constitution Prince Shotoku draws up his Seventeen Article Constitution in Japan 607 official embassies sent to Sui China Prince Shotoku of Japan sends the first of many official embassies to Sui China. 607 Horyuji Buddhist temple is built The Horyuji Buddhist temple is built in Nara, Japan during the reign of Regent Prince Shotoku. Period: 629 to 641 Emperor Jomei Reign of Emperor Jomei in Japan Period: 642 to 645 Empress Kogyoku Reign of Empress Kogyoku in Japan. 645 Fujiwara clan The Fujiwara clan in Japan is founded by Fujiwara no Kamatari. Fujiwara no Kamatari leads a coup d'etat in Japan. they remove the Soga clan from power. 645 capital is moved The Japanese capital is moved from Asuka to Naniwa Period: 645 to 654 Emperor Kotoku Reign of Emperor Kotoku in Japan Japan Period: 655 to 661 Empress Saimei Reign of Empress Saimei Period: 661 to 671 Emperor Tenji Reign of Emperor Tenji Period: 671 to 672 Emperor Kobun Reign of Emperor Kobun Period: 672 to 686 Emperor Temmu Reign of Emperor Temmu Period: 686 to 697 Empress Jito Reign of Empress Jito Period: 694 to 710 Fujiwarakyo Japanese capital Fujiwarakyo is made the Japanese capital. Period: 697 to 707 Emperor Mommu Reign of Emperor Mommu Period: 707 to 715 Empress Gemmei Reign of Empress Gemmei 708 Japan's first coin Japan's first coin, the Wado kaiho, is introduced 710 Buddhist Kofukuji temple The Buddhist Kofukuji temple established at Nara main temple of the Japanese Fujiwara clan. Period: 710 to 784 Nara becomes japan capital Nara becomes the capital of Japan Period: 710 to 794 Nara Period The Nara Period Japanese capital is moved from Fujiwarakyo to Nara buildings of the Buddhist Horyuji monastery in Nara, Japan are rebuilt 712 Kojiki is written The Kojiki is written, a collection of oral myths forming the basis of the Shinto religion 713 Japanese Fudoki are composed The Japanese Fudoki are composed and record local kami and associated legends Period: 715 to 724 Reign of Empress Gensho Reign of Empress Gensho 718 Buddhist Gango-ji temple is relocated The Buddhist Gango-ji temple is relocated from Asuka to Nara 720 Nihon Shoki is written The Nihon Shoki is written, a collection of oral myths forming the basis of the Shinto religion Period: 724 to 749 Emperor Shomu Reign of Emperor Shomu Period: 735 to 737 smallpox epidemics Japan suffers two smallpox epidemics which kills 25-35% of the population 739 Hall of Dreams The Hall of Dreams or Yumedono is built at the Buddhist monastery of Horyuji, Nara, Japan. Period: 749 to 458 Empress Koken First reign of Empress Koken Period: 758 to 864 emperor Junnin Reign of emperor Junnin 759 Manyoshu is written The Manyoshu or 'Collection of 10,000 Leaves' is written, an important Shinto source and classic of Japanese poetry. Period: 764 to 770 Second reign of Empress Koken Second reign of Empress Koken, now known as Shotoku Period: 770 to 781 Emperor Konin Reign of Emperor Konin Period: 781 to 806 Emperor Kammu Reign of Emperor Kammu 784 Japanese capital moves to Nagaokakyo Emperor Kammu moves the Japanese capital from Nara to Nagaokakyo Period: 794 to 1185 Heian Period The Heian Period in Japan 1002 The Pillow Book Sei Shonagon completes The Pillow Book, Japanese classic describing court life during the Heian Period Period: 1042 to 1103 Japanese warrior Minamoto no Yoshiie Life of the legendary Japanese warrior Minamoto no Yoshiie Period: 1073 to 1087 Emperor Shirakawa Reign of Emperor Shirakawa 1156 Hogen Disturbance Hogen Disturbance 1160 Heiji Disturbance Heiji Disturbance Period: 1180 to 1185 Genpei War The Genpei War in Japan between the Taira and Minamoto clans. 1254 wood statue of Kannon The large gilded wood statue of Kannon is sculpted at Sanjusangendo, Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan. 1275 The Mongols attempt to invade Japan The Mongols, led by Kublai Khan, attempt to invade Japan, but fail when a typhoon destroys much of the Mongol navy. 1467 Onin war The Onin war occurs.