• Period: 14,500 BCE to 300 BCE

    Jomon Period

    Jomon Period in Japan
  • 10,000 BCE

    Ice Age ends, land bridges recede

    The Ice Age ends and land bridges recede leaving groups of people on an island that is to become Japan.
  • Period: 1000 BCE to 300 BCE

    Late phase of the Jomon Period

    The Late phase of the Jomon Period, rice farming and metalworking are brought to Japan.
  • Period: 300 BCE to 250 BCE

    Yayoi Period

    The Yayoi Period in ancient Japan
  • 100 BCE

    Metal tools from bronze and iron, religion Shinto

    Metal tools made from bronze and iron. Primary religion at this time is Shinto.
  • 4 BCE

    Ise Grand Shrine

    Traditional founding date of the Ise Grand Shrine in honour of the Shinto goddess Amaterasu
  • Period: 189 to 248

    reign of Queen Himiko

    The reign of Queen Himiko.
  • 238

    Queen Himiko sends tribute to China

    Queen Himiko of Japan sends a tribute delegation to China
  • Period: 250 to 538

    Kofun Period

    The Kofun Period in ancient Japan.
  • Period: 250 to 719

    Yamato Period

    250 CE - 710 CE The Yamato Period in ancient Japa
  • Period: 300 to 700

    Haniwa terracotta placed outside Japanese mound tombs/kofun

    Haniwa terracotta figurines are placed outside Japanese mound tombs/kofun
  • 366

    Japan diplomacy with Korea

    Japan establishes diplomatic relations with Korea.
  • Period: 413 to 478

    ambassadors and tribute to China

    Japanese kings send ambassadors and tribute to China.
  • 478

    Toyouke shrine

    founding of the Toyouke shrine at the Shinto Ise Grand Shrine in Japan
  • 500

    Japanese culture influenced by China

    Japanese culture is influenced by China. Chinese writing and characters are introduced.
  • Period: 531 to 571

    Reign of Emperor Kimmei

    Reign of Emperor Kimmei in Japan
  • Period: 535 to 539

    Reign of Emperor Senka

    Reign of Emperor Senka in Japan.
  • Period: 538 to 710

    Asuka Period

    The Asuka Period in ancient Japan.
  • 552

    introduction of Buddhism

    introduction of Buddhism to Japan from Korea.
  • Period: 572 to 585

    Emperor Bidatsu

    Reign of Emperor Bidatsu in Japan
  • Period: 585 to 587

    Emperor Yomei

    Reign of Emperor Yomei in Japan
  • 587

    Soga clan control government

    The Soga clan establish control of government in Japan
  • Period: 587 to 592

    Emperor Sushun

    Reign of Emperor Sushun in Japan
  • Period: 592 to 628

    Empress Suiko

    Reign of Empress Suiko in Japan
  • 593

    Shitennoji Buddhist temple is built

    The Shitennoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan
  • 593

    Buddhist Gango-ji temple

    The Buddhist Gango-ji temple, the oldest in Japan, is founded at Asuka.
  • Period: 594 to 622

    Reign of Prince Shotoku

    Reign of Prince Shotoku as regent for Japanese Empress Suiko.
  • 596

    Hokoji Buddhist temple

    The Hokoji Buddhist temple is built in Japan
  • 604

    Seventeen Article Constitution

    Prince Shotoku draws up his Seventeen Article Constitution in Japan
  • 607

    official embassies sent to Sui China

    Prince Shotoku of Japan sends the first of many official embassies to Sui China.
  • 607

    Horyuji Buddhist temple is built

    The Horyuji Buddhist temple is built in Nara, Japan during the reign of Regent Prince Shotoku.
  • Period: 629 to 641

    Emperor Jomei

    Reign of Emperor Jomei in Japan
  • Period: 642 to 645

    Empress Kogyoku

    Reign of Empress Kogyoku in Japan.
  • 645

    Fujiwara clan

    The Fujiwara clan in Japan is founded by Fujiwara no Kamatari.
    Fujiwara no Kamatari leads a coup d'etat in Japan. they remove the Soga clan from power.
  • 645

    capital is moved

    The Japanese capital is moved from Asuka to Naniwa
  • Period: 645 to 654

    Emperor Kotoku

    Reign of Emperor Kotoku in Japan Japan
  • Period: 655 to 661

    Empress Saimei

    Reign of Empress Saimei
  • Period: 661 to 671

    Emperor Tenji

    Reign of Emperor Tenji
  • Period: 671 to 672

    Emperor Kobun

    Reign of Emperor Kobun
  • Period: 672 to 686

    Emperor Temmu

    Reign of Emperor Temmu
  • Period: 686 to 697

    Empress Jito

    Reign of Empress Jito
  • Period: 694 to 710

    Fujiwarakyo Japanese capital

    Fujiwarakyo is made the Japanese capital.
  • Period: 697 to 707

    Emperor Mommu

    Reign of Emperor Mommu
  • Period: 707 to 715

    Empress Gemmei

    Reign of Empress Gemmei
  • 708

    Japan's first coin

    Japan's first coin, the Wado kaiho, is introduced
  • 710

    Buddhist Kofukuji temple

    The Buddhist Kofukuji temple established at Nara
    main temple of the Japanese Fujiwara clan.
  • Period: 710 to 784

    Nara becomes japan capital

    Nara becomes the capital of Japan
  • Period: 710 to 794

    Nara Period

    The Nara Period
    Japanese capital is moved from Fujiwarakyo to Nara
    buildings of the Buddhist Horyuji monastery in Nara, Japan are rebuilt
  • 712

    Kojiki is written

    The Kojiki is written, a collection of oral myths forming the basis of the Shinto religion
  • 713

    Japanese Fudoki are composed

    The Japanese Fudoki are composed and record local kami and associated legends
  • Period: 715 to 724

    Reign of Empress Gensho

    Reign of Empress Gensho
  • 718

    Buddhist Gango-ji temple is relocated

    The Buddhist Gango-ji temple is relocated from Asuka to Nara
  • 720

    Nihon Shoki is written

    The Nihon Shoki is written, a collection of oral myths forming the basis of the Shinto religion
  • Period: 724 to 749

    Emperor Shomu

    Reign of Emperor Shomu
  • Period: 735 to 737

    smallpox epidemics

    Japan suffers two smallpox epidemics which kills 25-35% of the population
  • 739

    Hall of Dreams

    The Hall of Dreams or Yumedono is built at the Buddhist monastery of Horyuji, Nara, Japan.
  • Period: 749 to 458

    Empress Koken

    First reign of Empress Koken
  • Period: 758 to 864

    emperor Junnin

    Reign of emperor Junnin
  • 759

    Manyoshu is written

    The Manyoshu or 'Collection of 10,000 Leaves' is written, an important Shinto source and classic of Japanese poetry.
  • Period: 764 to 770

    Second reign of Empress Koken

    Second reign of Empress Koken, now known as Shotoku
  • Period: 770 to 781

    Emperor Konin

    Reign of Emperor Konin
  • Period: 781 to 806

    Emperor Kammu

    Reign of Emperor Kammu
  • 784

    Japanese capital moves to Nagaokakyo

    Emperor Kammu moves the Japanese capital from Nara to Nagaokakyo
  • Period: 794 to 1185

    Heian Period

    The Heian Period in Japan
  • 1002

    The Pillow Book

    Sei Shonagon completes The Pillow Book,
    Japanese classic describing court life during the Heian Period
  • Period: 1042 to 1103

    Japanese warrior Minamoto no Yoshiie

    Life of the legendary Japanese warrior Minamoto no Yoshiie
  • Period: 1073 to 1087

    Emperor Shirakawa

    Reign of Emperor Shirakawa
  • 1156

    Hogen Disturbance

    Hogen Disturbance
  • 1160

    Heiji Disturbance

    Heiji Disturbance
  • Period: 1180 to 1185

    Genpei War

    The Genpei War in Japan between the Taira and Minamoto clans.
  • 1254

    wood statue of Kannon

    The large gilded wood statue of Kannon is sculpted at Sanjusangendo, Heiankyo (Kyoto), Japan.
  • 1275

    The Mongols attempt to invade Japan

    The Mongols, led by Kublai Khan, attempt to invade Japan, but fail when a typhoon destroys much of the Mongol navy.
  • 1467

    Onin war

    The Onin war occurs.