History of Japan

  • Commodore Matthew Perry arrives in Japan

    Commodore Matthew Perry arrives in Japan
    United States Commodore Matthew Parry arrives in Japan and gives an ultimatum: open up or be destroyed. With that he leaves and returns in one year with the techonological marvel known as the ironclad, ready to forcibly pry open Japan's ports.
  • Treaty of Peace and Amity signed

    Treaty of Peace and Amity signed
    The unfair treaty of Peace and Amity is signed giving large economic benefits and trade relations to the United States, as well as two ports, the first major opening up of Japan in centuries.
  • Order to expel all barbarians

    Order to expel all barbarians
    The Domain of Choshu demands that the shogunate expel all foreign "barbarians", but the domain of Satsuma stages a coup and removes Choshu influence from the imperial court.
  • Bombing of Choshu

    Bombing of Choshu
    British, French, Dutch, and American forces bomb Choshu and forcibly open more Japanese ports for foreign trade.
  • Meiji government established

    Meiji government established
    Choshu and Satsuma domains force the shogun Yoshinobu to resign, the long Tokugawa dynasty ends, and power is restored to the emporer, thus begining the Meiji restoration era.
  • The Yen debuts

    The Yen debuts
  • Feudal System is abolished

    Feudal System is abolished
    The Meiji government dismatles the feudal system and forbids lords from retaining private armies.
  • The first railway line between Tokyo and Yokohama is inaugurated

    The first railway line between Tokyo and Yokohama is inaugurated
  • Religious Freedom

    Religious Freedom
    Japan grants religious freedom and adopts the Gregorian Calendar.
  • Samurai revolt

    Samurai revolt
    A samurai revolt led by Saigo Takamori against the emperor for dissolving the samurai class are defeated by the Japanese military and Saigo is executed.
  • First Sino Japanese War

    First Sino Japanese War
    China sends troops into Korea and Japan takes this as an act of "aggression" and thusly invades China.
  • End of the Sino-Japanese War

    End of the Sino-Japanese War
    Japan defeats China and recieves Taiwan. China is also forced to recognize Japanese supremacy over Korea in the treaty of Shimonoseki.
  • Russo-Japanese War begins

    Russo-Japanese War begins
    Japan attacks Russian forces in Manchuria, destroying the Russian fleet at Port Arthur and invades Korea.
  • Russo-Japanese War ends

    Russo-Japanese War ends
    Japan defeats Russia (the first time a non-European country defeats a European power) and force the treaty of Portsmouth. This treaty withdraws Russian forces from Manchuria, turns over the Russian city of Sakhalin to the Japanese, and Russia recognizes a Japanese protectorate over Korea. Due to this deal Japan now takes control of the southern part of the South Manchurian railway.
  • Annexation of Korea

    Annexation of Korea
    The Korea Treaty of 1910 is signed and Japan takes full control of Korea, ending the Choson dynasty.
  • World War I

    World War I
    World War I breaks out in Europe and spreads over to Asia in which Britain, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, the United States (1916), and Japan fight against Austria, Germany, and Turkey.
  • Versailles Conference

    Versailles Conference
    After World War I, the Allied victors set to reshape the world after the horrendous events that took place, and Japan secures itself a permanent seat in the new League of Nations
  • Exclusion Act

    Exclusion Act
    The United States Congress pass the Exclusion Act, prohibiting further immigration from Japan and other countries.
  • Universal Male Suffrage

    Universal Male Suffrage
    Japan introduces universal male suffrage, increasing the voter population from 3 million to 12 million, but becomes a de facto military dictatorship under nominal imperial rule.
  • Emperor Taisho dies

    Emperor Taisho dies
    Emperor Taisho dies, ending the "Taisho democracy" and is succeeded by the Show emperor, Hirohito.
  • Second Sino-Japanese War

    Second Sino-Japanese War
    The Japanese army provokes an incident along the Manchuria railway and invades Manchuria along with other parts of China, taking over numerous cities in violent fashions including the rape of Nanjing.
  • Japan leaves the League of Nations

    Japan leaves the League of Nations
    After the condemnation of Japan's occupation of Manchuria and subsequent invasion of China, Japan leaves their once-permanent seat on the League of Nations.
  • Attack on Pearl Harbor

    Attack on Pearl Harbor
    After large military excusions amongst the islands in the Pacific, Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, destroying most of the American fleet stationed there. This act brings Japan into the "Axis of evil" and the United States into World War II.
  • Victory in Europe Day

    Victory in Europe Day
    Coalition forces storm Berlin and take the city, finding Adolf Hitler dead, and thusly Europe is finaly at peace. This leaves Japan as the only remaining beligerent, and the question of invasion is brought up.
  • Bombing of Hiroshima

    Bombing of Hiroshima
    The United States drop an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima leading the the complete destruction of the city and the begining of the atomic era and the Cold War.
  • Bombing of Nagasaki

    Bombing of Nagasaki
    After Japan refuses to surrender from the first atomic bombing, the United States drop the second on the city of Nagasaki, destroying the entire city and effectively securing the complete surrender of World War II.
  • Japan Surrenders

    Japan Surrenders
    Japan agrees to an unconidtional surrender aboard the USS Missouri, thereby handing over the country to allied forces for reconstruction.
  • Constitution

    Americans draft a constitution for Japan which is ratified, leaving the emperor as a mere figurehead.
  • Independence

    The United States returns Japan to independence.
  • Economic Power

    Economic Power
    Japan is now the third strongest economic power in the world, only behind the United States and the Soviet Union, surpassing all European and Asian economies.
  • G6

    Six economic powers meet in Paris and form the G6, Japan is among these six.
  • Famicom

    Ninentdo introduces the videogame console the Famicom.
  • Mario

    Ninentdo releases the first Super Mario Bros videogame
  • Economic collapse

    Economic collapse
    The Japanese "bubble economy" bursts, and stock prices decline for 13 years after, erasing trillions of dollars in wealth, and with land prices declining 80% in 13 years.
  • Unauthorized trades

    Unauthorized trades
    The Sumitomo Bank loses 2.6 billion dollars because of unauthorized trades/