Military Tradition that dates back to the 1500s. They used Samurais for war and created a new modern army after the Prussia’s military. It was transformed the Samurai class into a modern officer class.
Restored practical imperial rule
Meiji restoration of 1868-This was a chain of events that restored practical imperial rule in Japan. Japan created an enormous empire stretching from Alaska to Singapore, controlling as much territory and as many people as any of the great powers of Europe.
Japan's two branch legislature. It is composed of a lower house called the House of Representatives, and an upper house, called the House of Councillors. Both houses of the Diet are directly elected under parallel voting systems. In addition to passing laws, the Diet is formally responsible for selecting the Prime Minister.
The son of an army officer, Tojo Hideki was educated at Tokyo Military Academy before starting a career in the army. He was taught the ways of war young. Tojo in 1919 and 1922 he was attaché in Germany and Switzerland
japan goes to war with Russia
1904- Japan goes to war with Russia. They eliminated the Russian fleet in southern Liaodong, then destroyed the Baltic fleet. President Roosevelt helped them to work out a treaty, which led to Japan gaining control over Korea and other small areas of land. Besides this, they got no cash so the japanese felt they hadn’t gotten all they deserved. This caused even more riots to break out in major cities.
Meiji Emperor's Death
Many japanese felt a terrible sense of loss. The emperor didn’t have much power, but he was the representative of the country’s new success. Following his death, the people lined up outside the palace to pay respects.
Tojo to Berlin
Tojo was sent to Berlin as a Japan’s military attache after WW1. Having earned a reputation for sternness and discipline. Tojo was given command of the 1st Infantry Regiment upon returning to Japan. In 1937, he was made chief of staff of the Kwantung Army in Manchuria,
The Depression was the longest lasting economic breakdown in History. Wall Street went into panic and the stock market plummeted. Because Americans were in debt, they weren’t importing goods from Japan. This lead to the exports dropping 50% in value, and they plummeted into an economic crisis too.
Effects of Wars
Japan spiraled downward into war and suffering for the next 8 years. After each war that was fought in efforts to win and gain power back, Japan never won. They did not have the military and industrial power that was needed, and they never gained that.
New Prime Minister
Tojo was made minister of war. Tojo and the Prime minister, Prince Fumimaro Konoye clashed heads right away. The Prime Minister was fighting for reform of his government, namely and demilitarization of its politics. In October Konoye resigned because of increasing tension with Tojo.
FDR Threats to Cut Oil
FDR threatened to cut off exports of oil if they keep going to war with china. This was a negative because without oil japan could not drive any military vehicles. In order to get keep the US oil they can't go to war with many countries because if they went to war with certain countries the US will go to war with Japan. In order to keep the oil following the had to stop the war with China because that's what US wanted.
Japanese attack Pearl Harbor. Admiral Yamamoto Isoroku was asked to help in naval plans to destroy US power in the Pacific. He tried to tell people that attacking the US would be extremely difficult, because they had a much more advanced and developed industry and military. They all disagreed, so a plan was made to make a surprise air attack on the small island in Hawaii. The American aircraft carriers that were supposed to be there, were actually at sea that day so there wasn’t as much damage a
Tojo makes himself “military czar in Feb. 21 1944. Now, Tojo has even more power than before. Tojo had complete and direct control of the military. Since he had complete control of the Japanese military, he soon expanded his power even further and named himself the dictator of Japan. done
Tojo Tried to Commit Suicide
When Saipan fell to the U.S. Marines and army on June 22, 1944, Tojo’s military collapsed. Upon Japan’s surrender, Tojo tried to commit suicide by shooting himself, but was saved by an american physician.
Tojo attempted suicide in September 1945 to avoid arrest by Occupation. The suicide attempt failed and he was captured. He was soon executed. Following his arrest he did all he could to exonerate Emperor Hirohito of any blame for the war.
Tojo was executed December 23, 1948. He was found guilty of numerous war crimes and was sentenced to death. Also, before this, Tojo has attempted suicide. The second he tried to commit suicide by shooting himself with an American .38 pistol but he was saved by an American physician who gave him a blood transfusion.