Japan Case Study

  • Meiji Constitution Declared

    Meiji Constitution Declared
    The Meiji constitution held three reforms which were the ​abolishment of feudalism, Industrial development, and creation of parliament and modern governing systems.
  • First Sino-Japanese War

    First Sino-Japanese War
    The First Sino- Japanese war was between China and Japan and began after Japan invaded Korea. China was defeated in 1895 and signed the Treaty of Shimonoseki which gave Taiwan to Japan, Granted Korea independence from China, and required China to give money over to Japan.
  • Japan's inhabits Korea

    Japan's inhabits Korea
    After the Treaty of Shimonoseki gave Korea its independence from China, Japan began to occupy sections of Korea.
  • Tripartite Intervention

    Tripartite Intervention
    Russia, Germany, and France intervened over the terms of the Treaty of Shimonoseki signed between Japan and China that ended the First Sino-Japanese War. However, because the intervention was a year after the treaty was signed nothing really changed.
  • Anglo-Japanese Alliance

    Anglo-Japanese Alliance
    This alliance bound Britain and Japan for the reason that they would assist one another in safeguarding their respective interest in China and Korea. This alliance ended in 1923 when the Leauge of Nations declared Japan as an aggressor state​.
  • Russo-Japanese War

    Russo-Japanese War
    This war was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea. Russia wanted Manchuria for the train, railroad, and seaports while Japan wanted a mainland location for access to railroads, protect Korea, and have a foothold in China. Russia seemed to have the advantage due to a large navy, however, because their navy was in the Baltic and Japan had better military and leadership Japan won the war.
  • WWI and Japan's Role

    WWI and Japan's Role
    Japan fought against Germany due to Japan's alliance with Britain. Germany held SHantung Penisula until Japan moved against the port and won it after a blockade and siege. Japan also took control of various Pacific Islands that​ were once colonies of Germany.
  • 21 Demands to China

    21 Demands to China
    Japan demands China to: cease leasing territory to foreign countries other than Japan, agree to Japanese infrastructure in China, allow Japanese advisors to work with the ​Chinese government, destabilized Chinese government, as well as allow free travel for Japanese citizens and have the ability to purchase any military equipment from China. When these 21 demands were ignored the list was limited to 13 demands.
  • Contraction of Japan's Economy

    Contraction of Japan's Economy
    Japan's economy begins to constrict due to the ending of WWI. This causes many hardships for farmers and workers as other countries are back to producing and many turn into an isolationist count​y.
  • Washington Naval Conference

    Washington Naval Conference
    Also known as the Five-Power Treaty, it was established that any large battleship construction would be halted in Japan, For every 5 capital ships the UK and US had Japan was only allowed 3, in return the UK and US agreed they would only hab one​ naval base in the Pacific (Pearl Harbor).
  • Tokyo Earthquake and Fire

    Tokyo Earthquake and Fire
    The earthquake and fire in Tokyo caused a boost in Japan's economy. This is because jobs were being created as there was a need for construction workers to rebuild the destroyed buildings.
  • Peace Preservation Law

    Peace Preservation Law
    These were a series of laws enacted to suppress political dissent. They allowed for the arrest of communists and others who advocated for government changes.
  • Bank Failure in Japan

    Bank Failure in Japan
    The economy hit a rapid decline, this lowered the number of​ jobs and caused for land to be mostly owned and not rented.
  • Assassination of Warlord ruler of Manchuria

    Assassination of Warlord ruler of Manchuria
    The army faction assassinated the warlord ruler of Manchuria which acted against government policy and caused a rift​ between Japan and Manchuria.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The Great Depression caused a decrease in employment and economy. Japan was shut off from the US for exports, strikes, riots and want for communism increased. The GNP decreased by 20%, and agriculture prices went down by 45%.
  • London Naval Conference

    London Naval Conference
    This conference was held in Londen and discussed naval disarmament and to review the treaties written up in the Washington Conference. The Countries included were Britain, US, France, Italy, and Japan​.
  • Mukden Incident

    Mukden Incident
    In Mukden, a bomb exploded on a south Manchurian railway that was Japanese-owned. Though the railway was not hurt, the explosion took place near a group of Japan soldiers who then blamed the bombing on the Chinese even though the bomb was most likely set up by themselves. This bomb was then used as a reason to send troops into Manchuria which caused Manchuria to be almost entirely taken over in just a few months. Though this China was not resisting Japan's invasion​.
  • Lytton Commission Formed

    Lytton Commission Formed
    Set up through the initiation​ of the Japanese, the Lytton Commission was made to investigate the Manchurian crisis for league of nations. Eventually, the Lytton Report was formed which declared that Japan did not invade Manchuria to help it more so that they Invaded Manchuria for their own gain and declared Japan as the aggressor nation.​
  • Condemnation of Japan

    Condemnation of Japan
    The league of nations condemned Japan as an aggressor​ state and told Japan to draw out their troops from Manchuria. Japan refused and left the league while China continued to do nothing about Japan being in Manchuria.
  • Tanggu Truce

    Tanggu Truce
    Signed between China​ and Japan the truce recognized Japanese conquests and called for a cease-fire.
  • He-Umezu Agreement

    He-Umezu Agreement
    This agreement was between China and Japan, they agreed to demilitarized much of northern China by removing Chinese​ armies, and have Mengjiang or Mengkukuo be formed by Japan.
  • Second United Front Formed

    Second United Front Formed
    This was between Chinese factions and oppose Japan. It was a brief alliance to resist Japanese​ invasion during the Second Sino-Japanese​ war.
  • Second Sino-Japanese War

    Second Sino-Japanese War
    The second Sino-Japanese War began due to a dispute at Marco Polo bridge where Japan's government demanded an apology from China who would not give one. On August 13 Chaing bombed an area of Shangai that was controlled by the Japanese causing the beginning of the war, it continued for eight more years until the end ​in 1945.
  • Japan in French Indochina

    Japan in French Indochina
    Japan begins to occupy parts of French Indochina. USA in return bans sales of scrap iron and steel to Japan
  • Second United Front Collapses

    Second United Front Collapses
    Within China, ​the brief alliance between the Chinese Nationalist Party and the Communist Party of China (this was the Second United Front) collapsed and the alliance was no more.
  • USA bans oil sale to Japan

    USA bans oil sale to Japan
    All of French Indonesia​ has been occupied by Japan, in rebuttal USA bans the selling of oil to Japan and seizes Japans assets in the US.
  • US Hull Note

    US Hull Note
    Named after US Secretary of state, the Hull note was the USA's demand that Japan removes all of its troops from Indochina and China, including Manchuria, end its participation in the Tripartite Alliance, and repudiate the Republic of China that Japan had created. This note was responded with an attack on the US and British forces​ all across the Pacific Ocean region.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    The Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service bombed the US's naval base in a surprise military strike. This was the tipping point of the US joining the allies in WWII.