• First School Museum

    The first school museum gets opened in St. Louis and began a trend of other museums being opened in different spots of the US.
  • Visual Education

    Keystone View Company publishes "Visual Education", a teacher's guide to present slides and stereographs.
  • The First Catalog of Instructional Films was Published

  • Edison bold statement

    Thomas Edison declared, "Books will
    soon be obsolete in the schools .... It is possible
    to teach every branch of human knowledge with
    the motion picture. Our school system will be
    completely changed in the next ten years". All because of the instructional film movement.
  • Period: to

    Shift in IDT

    The focus of the field shifted from visual instruction to audiovisual instruction.
  • Great Depression begins

    A decade-long economic depression that affected the whole world. Began from the US stock market crash
  • Visual Instruction Movement loss

    According to McCluskey, visual instruction movement had invested and lost more than $50 million at this point in time. Great Depression had a hand in this.
  • Merging of 3 existing national organizations for visual instruction

  • Federal government established the Division of Visual Aids for War Training

    From 1941-1945 this organization produced 457 training films.
  • US Army Air Force began producing a ton of training films for 2 years

  • Federal Communications Commission decision to set aside 242 television channels for educational purposes

  • Minor Revolution in Education

    B.F. Skinner’s article entitled The Science of Learning and the Art of Teaching began what might be called a minor revolution in the field of education.
  • Robert Mager wrote Preparing Objectives for Programmed Instruction

  • The 1963 definition

    The first definition to be approved by the major professional organization within the field of educational technology was published, and it too indicated that the field was not simply about media. A departure from the “traditional” view of the field in several important respects.
  • Publication of the first edition of "The Conditions of Learning", written by Robert Gagné

  • Name change to AECT

    In 1970, the name of the major professional
    organization within the field was changed from
    the Department of Audiovisual Instruction to
    the Association for Educational Communications and Technology
  • 1970 definition change

    Produced in 1970 by theCommission on Instructional Technology. The Commission was established and funded by the U.S. government to examine the potential benefits and problems associated with increased use of instructional technology in schools.
  • 1977 Definition change

    Definition: Educational technology is a complex, integrated process involving people, procedures, ideas, devices, and organization, for analyzing problems and devising, implementing, evaluating, and managing solutions to those problems, involved in all aspects of human learning.
  • Increasing interest in the use of microcomputers for instructional purposes

  • Computers start being used more for instruction

    Computers were being used for instructional purposes in more than 40% of all elementary schools and more than 75% of all secondary
    schools in the United States.
  • Rapid Prototyping

    There was an increasing interest in rapid prototyping among practitioners and theorists in the instructional design field.
  • 1994 Definition

    Describes the field in terms of theory and practice, emphasizing the notion that the field of instructional technology is not only an area of practice, but also an area of research and study.
  • Computers not being used to teach

    the impact of computers on instructional practices was minimal, with a substantial number of teachers reporting little or no use of computers for instructional purposes.
  • Instructing from a distance

    Since 1995, there has been a great increase in the use of the Internet to deliver instruction at a distance.
  • Army spends big money to enable soldiers

    the United States Army announced that $600 million would be spent over the next six years to enable soldiers to take distance education courses via the Internet.
  • Latest Definition

    The new definition focuses on the notion that the instructional interventions created by professionals in field are intended to facilitate learning.