Hungary during Dualism

By CoreC
  • The Eastern Article

    The Eastern Article
    Deák, the leader of the political elite of the time issued his writing in 1865, which allowed the Compromise from the Hungarian side. He accepted that the empire's safety is the most important and that Hungary is willing to collaborate with the Habsburgs in that in exchange for restoring most of the conditions of 1848
  • The Compromise

    The Compromise
    The Compromise created the framework for the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, that held both the Habsburg and Hungarian interests together, meaning Hungarian autonomy in domestic affairs with responsible government, and unison in foreign policy, military and finance of these, with Francis Joseph as the king and emperor. It was based on the Pragmatic sanction as it was acceptable both to Hungary and Austria although it basically contained the constitution of '48.
  • Croatian compromise and law of nationalities

    Croatian compromise and law of nationalities
    In 1868 the Hungarian government made a compromise with Croatia, giving them autonomy, meaning the collective rights as a nation. This can be considered as a divid et impera tactic as other nationalities now hated Croatia. The law of nationalities however easened the situation with letting the ethnic groups teach, speak, publish in their own language however this wasn't enough for making peace with them
  • Unification of Budapest

    Unification of Budapest
    Buda, Pest and Óbuda unified under the name of Budapest which meant the birth of a new and rapidly evolving metropolis of Europe, reaching 1 million people by the start of the 20th century. It became the center of trade, traffic, culture and politics, but this also meant that a huge difference grew between the countryside and the city which is our present situation as well.
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    The Free Principle Party rose to power with their anti-dualist promises that they couldn't deliver due to Francis Joseph's power. Instead Tisza Kálmán consolidated his power for the next 30 years with being supported by virilists (people who got rich because of current system so they were loyal to the government) and the Mameluk-system (extremely loyal figures). He also put his people into the Upper House and decreased the suffrage by creating higher census.
  • Transylvanian Memorandum

    Transylvanian Memorandum
    It was a petition to Francis Joseph about the inequality between Hungarian and citizens from other minorities as they didn't receive collective rights (political ones). Francis Jospeh didn't answer just sent it to Tisza imprisoned the authors. The minorities weren't satisfied during Dualism and this caused mainly the demolition of the Monarchy.
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    Wekerle government - secularization

    During the Wekerle government the prime minister from bourgeoise origin secularized church institutions which consolidated the bourgeoise society and state. He introduced civil marriage and divorce, and in 1896 emancipated Jews with reception of their religion.
  • Millenium

    The millenium was the celebration of the Hungarian conquest of 895. It was a huge programme series with lots of buildings built and opened for this event such as the Városliget with the Vajdahunyad castle, reconstructions of the Castel of Buda, the first metroline in the continent M1, and bridges across the Danube.