Honors World History Timeline Semester 1

  • 202

    China

    China began to trade with Europe. Society was becoming more advanced.
  • 206

    China

    Civil war broke out after Shi-Huangdi died. This shows that there was civil unrest throughout China.
  • 207

    Rome

    In 107 BC, the social unrest reached a new level when a talented military leader name Gaius Marius was elected consul. Rome went through a lot of unrest.
  • 218

    Rome

    In 218 BC, the Carthaginian general Hannibal led a well-trained army and a force of war elephants across the Pyrenees and the Alps to invade Italy. For many years Hannibal dominated the Italian country-side, defeating one Roman army after another.
  • 220

    China

    Buddhism spread through China, and it came from India. This shows that ideas were being spread and distributed.
  • 221

    China

    The Great Wall was built. Many people spent their whole lives building this great piece of archetecture. The Chinese were very articulate people and were dominated greatly by their ruler, who had forced them to do this.
  • 246

    Rome

    The conflict between these two cities eventually grew into a series of three wars. This was called the Punic Wars, they continued on and off for nearly 80 years.
  • 249

    Rome

    Rome decided to destroy its old enemy for the last time. They declared war for the third time in 149 BC.
  • 265

    Rome

    In 265 BC, the Romans had defeated the Etruscans and the Greek cities in southern Italy. This event shows how powerful Rome was.
  • 300

    Rome

    In the 300s BC, Romans started to elect magistrates. This is important due to the fact that the Romans were starting to actually have a say in their government.
  • 300

    Rome

    The forum was inbetween two hills. One hill was where the wealthiest people lived, and the other was where the grandest temples were located. The forum was very accessable for all Romans.
  • 450

    Rome

    The laws were displayred in the Roman Forum on 12 bronze tablets. This made it easier for the Romans to be able to know and understand the laws.
  • 470

    Greece

    Athens emerged to Delian League. This grown to 200 city-states.
  • 481

    China

    War broke out between seperate states of china. The Nobles were fighting for supremacy. This shows that people were power-hungry.
  • 490

    Greece

    The Persian fleet carried 25,000 men across the Aegean Sea and landed northeast of Athens. This shows how innovative the Greeks were with water.
  • 494

    Rome

    In 494 BC, Invaders had threatened Rome. The Plebeians withdrew and refused to fight until they gained new rights. This is important because this caused a major change in government and the rights of citizens.
  • 494

    Rome

    In 494 BC, Plebeians forced Patricians to write down all the laws. This was Rome's first attempt at having a code of laws.
  • 500

    Greece

    The athenian leader Cleisthenes broke power of the nobility and organized people into 10 groups where they lived on their wealth.
  • 509

    Rome

    In 509 BC, a republic was established after throwing out the last king. That king was a tyrant. The republic form of government is still a popular idea, our own government is somewhat based off of this.
  • 509

    Rome

    In 509 BC, patricians controlled every aspect of society. This was a major change in the way things were run, due to the fact that before, kings were the only type of ruler.
  • 546

    Greece

    The Persian War began between The greek and persian empire. the persians conquered the area.
  • 594

    Greece

    Solon the democratic made democratic reforms stating no one person should own another person. outlawing slavery
  • Sep 6, 600

    Greece

    Sparta had the most powerful army in Greece, the spartan people paid a high price for the military supremacy. Sparta was very powerful and power-hungry. Dates were: (600- 370 B.C)
  • Dec 5, 616

    Rome

    Rome had been ruled by Latin kings, however, it came under the rule of the Etruscans around 616 BC. The Etruscans brought many advances to Roman society.
  • Dec 5, 616

    Rome

    During the Etruscans rule, they helped shape the system of government. They also introduced gladiator games and chariot races.
  • Feb 5, 618

    China

    Liturature and arts flourished. Ideas and creativity was spreading throughout the community.
  • Oct 5, 621

    Greece

    The first democratic a nobleman Draco took power. He developed a legal code.
  • Dec 5, 650

    Greece

    Messenians resented Spartans harsh rule. But turned into a city state.
  • Dec 5, 700

    Greece

    Homer Methods composed epics and narrative poems, called the Iliad. Many people read it.
  • Dec 5, 725

    Greece

    Sparta conquered the neighboring region Messenia and took over the land. Messenians became peasants forced to stay on the land and work. This shows how powerful Sparta was.
  • Feb 5, 750

    Greece

    A city-state was the fundamental political unit in ancient greece. New city-states were joining and appearing.
  • Aug 1, 753

    Rome

    Romulus and Remus, twin brothers, founded the empire of Rome. This is significant due to the fact that Rome was an empire that sparked many ideas in different areas of life later on. This includes archetecture and government.
  • Dec 5, 1100

    Egypt

    1100 BC, the Upper and Lower Egypt split. This calls for new ruling.
  • Sep 4, 1122

    China

    The Zhou dynasty took over. This shows how the chinese went through many different rulers, they seemed almost unstable.
  • Sep 7, 1123

    China

    Confucius stressed duty, honor, and public service. This shows that the Chinese were open to new ways of life and understanding.
  • Dec 5, 1124

    China

    Iao Tu was a philosopher that taught the Chinese that people need to live simply and in harmony with nature. This shows how peaceful the chinese could be.
  • Oct 5, 1200

    Greece

    Trojan war was fought between the mycenaeans and troy
    trojan war lasted 10 years.
  • Dec 5, 1200

    Greece

    Sea riders attacked and burned Mycenaean cities.
    They were invaded and became weaker. This shows the difference in te different societies.
  • Sep 3, 1500

    Indus Valley

    In 1500 B.C., Aryans, who were nomadic people, came into the Indus valley. Indian civilizations grew again under the influence of the nomads.
  • Sep 7, 1500

    Greece

    Mycenaean civilization came into contact with the Minoan through seaborne trade. This lead to more trade and expansion of new ideas and products.
  • Greece

    From 1600 to 1100 B.C., Mycenae could withstand from any attack warrior kings surrounded the village and farms.
  • Egypt

    Between 1630-1523 BC, the Hyksos ruled Egypt. They were the “rulers of foreign lands”.
  • Egypt

    The Middle Kingdom was brought to an end. Hyksos moved from Palestine across the Isthmus of Suez into Egypt.
  • China

    1.7 millions years ago, fossil remains of a Homo erectus were found in China. They show settling as far back as 500,000 years.
  • Indus Valley

    In 1750 BC, the cities near the river suffered great disasters. Those who survived had no way to farm and died.
  • Indus Valley

    The quality of building in Indus Valley declined. This started the end to Indus civilization.
  • China

    The first dynasty ever to rule was the Shang, which lasted from 1766-1122 B.C.E.This shows that the Chinese were actually developing societies like the rest of the world.
  • China

    The Chinese worshiped their ancestors. This idea is different from any other society, and it was widely practiced.
  • China

    The chinese develped metalwork and a new system of writing. This had pushed their society to be more advanced.
  • China

    Chinese used a horse and chariot for transportation. This is advanced, since most societys had walked everywhere.
  • China

    Nobles ruled rural populations. This shows that China had a large population.
  • Indus Valley

    In 1800 BC, the Harappan created a written language with about 400 symbols. It cannot be deciphered to this day.
  • Indus Valley

    In 2000 BC, the Monsoons dominated India’s climates. They suffered anything from a blowing of dry air to blowing of great moisture and rain.
  • Indus Valley

    The Indus River brought yearly floods. This caused either too much rain, too little rain, or a perfect balance that was unpredictable.
  • Egypt

    In 2005 BC, the Mentuhotep II gained control of entire country. Agriculture advanced.
  • Egypt

    During 2040-1640 BC, The Middle Kingdom restored law and order. Egyptians improved trade and transportation by digging a canal from the Nile to the Red Sea.
  • Egypt

    From 2040-1640 BC, the Egyptians created thousands of new acres of farmland by draining the swamps of lower Egypt. They also built huge dikes to trap and channel Nile’s floodwaters for irrigation. They were very advanced and working people.
  • Egypt

    In 2180 BC, the power of the Pharaohs declined which marked the end of the Old Kingdom. Egypt went through a lot of changes in their government.
  • Mesopotamia

    Sargon defeated the city states of Sumer. He led an army from Akkad, which was north of sumer. He helped spread the culture and create the first empire.
  • Indus Valley

    Indus Valley filled their streets with buildings made of oven baked bricks. They also developed a plumbing and sewage system.
  • Egypt

    In 2500 BC, the Egyptians built pyramids as burial sites for the pharaohs. Egyptians made the advancement of building huge pyramids.
  • India

    India was a river valley civilization. They were intellegent, due to the fact that they settled in such a great location for natural resources.
  • Indus Valley

    2500 BC, the Indus civilization rose in part of India and Pakistan. It had flat fertile land formed by the Indus and Ganges River.
  • Indus Valley

    Indus Valley created an impressive city plan. They laid the city in a precise grid system.
  • Indus Valley

    In 2500 BC, the people of Indus Valley began laying bricks to build the city. They built earthen walls to keep water out of the city.
  • Indus Valley

    Indus Valley’s largest cities were Kalibangan, Mohenjo-Daro, and Harappa. The civilization was called Harappan civilization.
  • Indus Valley

    In 2500 B.C., what is now called Pakistan was India’s first created civilization. The first cities were building and first to use brick. started using levees and walls to hold out the water.
  • Mesopotamia

    Arithmetic, geometry, architectural innovations, and Cuneiform were formed by Sumerians. They developed language and measurement accuracy.
  • Indus Valley

    In 2600 BC, the trading began on the Indus River. They traded with Mesopotamians and brought luxury goods to Sumer.
  • Egypt

    In 2600 BC, the Start of the Old Kingdom. Pyramids reflect the strength of Egypt and show the economic strength and technology.
  • Egypt

    In 2660 BC, the Pharaohs became Egypt's kings and were viewed as gods. This type of government was called theocracy.
  • Egypt

    In 2700 BC, the Egyptians created the calendar with 365 days. They used it to keep track of when to plant according to flooding.
  • Egypt

    In 2700 BC, the Egyptians developed a system of written numbers for counting, adding, and subtraction. They used the system to collect taxes.
  • Mesopotamia

    Mesopotamia was made out of city-states. This shows that people were starting to settle in different locations, they were no longer traveling.
  • Mesopotamia

    The larger animals of the Ice Age died out, which lead to agriculture. The agricultural lifestyle lead to the first civilizations of mankind.
  • Mesopotamia

    This event occured after 3000 BC. Wars became more frequent. Sumerians formed armies and leaders.
  • Egypt

    In 3000 BC, the Kings, Queens, priests, and wealthy landowners stand above merchants who are above farmers and peasants. This shows that there were social classes.
  • Mesopotamia

    There were specialized workers, which were people who had their own specific job such as priests, weavers, metal workers etc. This demonstrates the organization of society, much like we each have different jobs to do in society today.
  • Mesopotamia

    Agriculture had caused the population to increase. The growth of a settled daily life caused the rise of the firstr civilizations.
  • Mesopotamia

    Sumerians built Uruk, Kish, Langash, Umma, and Ur. These city states were the beginning of civilization.
  • Mesopotamia

    The people of Mesopotamia had started to dometicate animals. This shows that the people of this time period are starting to really develop society.
  • Mesopotamia

    Complex institutions were created. These included civilizations, forms of government, officials, laws, and edjucation systems. Mesopotamians were becoming an advanced society, not just a mass number of people.
  • Mesopotamia

    (Around 3000 BC) Villagers practiced disivions of labor and developed new tools. This shows just how much society has been advancing.
  • Mesopotamia

    Productivity had risen, people began to trade, and the demand for goods increased. Private property and ownership concepts were soon grasped. This shows how quickly they had learned about how to construct a civilization.
  • Mesopotamia

    Clay tablets were used in daily Mesopotamian life. They used them for record keeping. This is important because these tablets help us understand how they lived, and it shows how advanced they truly were.
  • Egypt

    In 3100 BC, the Egyptians developed hieroglyphics. Unlike cuneiform it was written on papyrus reeds.
  • Indus Valley

    By 3200 B.C., the people were farming and improving agriculture in villages by the Indus river. This demonstrates the advancements that society was making.
  • Egypt

    In 3200 BC, the Villages of Egypt were under control of Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt. They were said to be under the control of Narmer.
  • Mesopotamia

    Sumerians faced many environmental challenges where they settled. Sumerians dealt with floods or no rain at all and they had no natural resources.
  • Mesopotamia

    Mesopotamia had invented irrogation systems. This lead to advanced agriculture. The advancement pushed society forward as a whole, making work easier and more tolerable.
  • Mesopotamia

    People began to farm and settle in the fertle cresent land of Mesopotamia. This area was ideal for farming. This is due to the fact that it was between the Tigrus and Euphrates rivers.
  • Indus Valley

    People were farming along the Indus River. They were among the first ever.