• Aug 3, 1492

    first voyage; spanish

    Christopher Columbus bidding farewell to the Queen of Spain on his departure for the New World, August 3, 1492
  • Aug 19, 1500

    dutch exploration 1

    The Dutch merchant fleet became the greatest in the world, Amsterdam glittered as a trade center and a Dutch empire was established.
  • Aug 19, 1507

    first world map: spanish

  • Aug 19, 1535

    french explorer 1

    •JACQUES CARTIER explored the northeast part of the continent intending to find the elusive passage to the Orient. Sailing west of Newfoundland he "discovered" the St. Lawrence River and explored the region in three voyages between 1535 and 1541. He met several Iroquoian tribal groups, establishing friendly relationships, though cautious on both sides. He did not find a route to China; indeed the large sea described to him by the Indians
  • english exploration 2

    •FRANCIS DRAKE, MARTIN FROBISHER, and other well-known navigators contributed dedicatory poems for George Peckham's 1583 account of Sir Humphrey Gilbert's expedition to Newfoundland.
  • english exploration 3

    • In 1584 Richard Hakluyt wrote the promotional piece known as Discourse of Western Planting to urge a reluctant Queen Elizabeth to support English colonies and to convince rich businessmen to invest in them.
  • english exploration 1

    By the end of the decade, however, England had sent three expeditions to Roanoke Island on the Atlantic coast and had established a colony there in 1587 (the ill-fated "Lost Colony").
  • dutch exploration 2

    The Dutch began to fill a yawning power vacuum in the New World and in Asia. With Spanish strength on the wane following the defeat of the Armada (1588), Dutch "sea beggars" began to prey on poorly defended Spanish and Portuguese possessions.
  • french explorer 2

    •SAMUEL DE CHAMPLAIN was the quintessential explorer. While aptly credited as the founder of Quebec in 1608, he spent little time there, leaving the small fortified post to others and heading further into the Canadian woodlands, where he functioned as the quintessential diplomat. Unlike the Spanish who brutally dominated the Indians for imperial gain, the French negotiated and traded with them, primarily for furs. But it was inevitable that alliances with some Indian groups would make the French
  • dutch exploration 3

    In 1609, English navigator Henry Hudson was dispatched upon an exploratory voyage to North America.
  • french exploration 3

    •JACQUES MARQUETTE & LOUIS JOLIET were sent to explore the Mississippi River in 1673
  • grand canyon

    grand canyon was discovered and first named found by the spanish explorers