History of technology

  • The analytical machine

    (1837) a proposed mechanical computer that was very general. It had arithmetic logic, control flow, conditional branching and loops.
  • Holes in cards

    (1896) Edge-notched cards, or McBee cards, were a manual data storage and manipulation technology. It was used for specialized data storage and cataloging applications through much of the 20th century.

    ,(1943 and 1946), UNIVAC is the name of a line of electronic digital stored-program computers starting with the products of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation.
  • Von Neumann architecture

    (1945), A computer architecture conceived by mathematician, John Von Neumann which forms the core of nearly every computer system in use today.

    Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer. It was the first electronic general purpose computer.
  • high-level programming language

    (1950) A high-level programming language is a programming language with strong abstraction from the details of the computer.
  • first electronic spreadsheet

    (1961) this is an interactive organization program that analyzes in a tabular form.
  • UNIX operating system

    (1969) Unix was developed by a group of employees at AT&T. It was first developed as an assembly language but then recoded in C. this is a multitasking and multiuser computer.
  • Altair

    (1975) 8800 was a microcomputer design from 1975 based on the Intel 8080 CPU. It became popular and was presented in news papers.
  • Apple

    , (1977) apple was founded in Cupertino California. At that time it was predominantly a personal computer.
  • PC

    ,(1977) a PC is translated to a personal computer. This device applied a single user it was intended for interactive individual use.
  • CRAY-1

    (1976) this was a supercomputer designed, manufactured and marketed by Cray Research. It became the best known and best successful computer for its time.
  • Windows

    ,(1981) the software that manages the computer hardware and also serves to bridge the gap between the computer hardware and programs. A word processor would be an example.
  • Macintosh

    (1984), This device became the first commercially successful personal computer to feature a mouse and a graphical user interface. Apple facilitates all aspects of its hardware and creates its own operating system.