History of Taekwondo

  • 50 BCE

    Taekwondo Established

    Taekwondo Established
    Silla dynasty warriors, the Hwarang, developed a martial art naming it taekkyon (foot and hand)
  • 1392

    Yi dynasty

    Yi dynasty
    Yi dynasty begins promotes Confucian philosophy downplaying martial arts. Many instructors leave to other Asian countries to practice taekkyon.
  • Japanese conquer Korea

    Japanese conquer Korea
    Japanese conquers Korea and outlaws Korean culture including martial arts. Many instructors practice in hiding or flee to other countries.
  • Korea Liberated

    Korea Liberated
    At the end of WWII Korea is liberated from Japanese rule and martial arts are rejuvenated but not well organized
  • Police Training

    Police Training
    Taekkyon is taught to police in Seoul, Korea
  • Military Training

    Military Training
    First Lieutenant Choi Hong Hi teaches his style of Taekyon to the military under his command.
  • Taekkyon Mandatory Military Training

    President Syngman Rhee of South Korea watches a 30-minute demonstration of Taekyon and orders all soldiers to be trained in Taekyon.
  • Taekwondo Unifies Korean Martial Arts

    Taekwondo Unifies Korean Martial Arts
    Nine kwans (schools) of Korean martial arts, including Taekyon, agree to combine the arts and rename the Korean martial art Tae Soo Do. General Choi recommends Tae Kwon Do to be the unified term
  • International Recognition

    International Recognition
    General Choi founds the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) with support from Vietnam, West Germany, Malaysia, Turkey, Italy, United Arab Republic, Taiwan, and United States. The ITF is a separate organization from the Korean Taekwondo Association.
    US taekwondo association formed
  • World Taekwondo Federation Established

    World Taekwondo Federation Established
    The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) is established and dissolves all associations with the ITF. Kukkiwon becomes the official headquarters and training facility of the WTF.
  • Global Recognition

    European Taekwondo Championship held
    International Military Sports Council adopts taekwondo into World Military Championship
  • Olympic Recognition

    Olympic Recognition
    The international Olympic Committee (IOC) recognizes the WTF at the 83rd session in Moscow, Soviet Union.
  • Exhibition Sport

    Exhibition Sport
    Taekwondo is an exhibition sport in the 1988 Seoul Olympic Games.
  • Official Olympic Sport

    Official Olympic Sport
    WTF Taekwondo is adopted as a full participatory sport for the 2004 Sidney Olympic Games
  • Olympics Athens

    Olympics Athens
    Taekwondo is an official sport in the Athens Olympic Games.
  • Modern Taekwondo

    Modern Taekwondo
    The World Taekwondo Federation includes affiliations of 182 different countries. Taekwondo still recognized as official Olympic sport.