History of Special Education in the United States

Timeline created by Aileen0329
In History
  • Early Education on the 1950's

    Early Education on the 1950's
    Students in the 1950’s were not allowed to attend public schools. Students with disabilities were forced to stay home. In most of the court cases it was ruled that students with special needs will be excluded from Public School Education. The Supreme Court determined that children with special needs did not require free public education, due to their limited intelligence.
  • Early Influence

    Early Influence
    In the Brown v. Board of Education, in 1954, the Supreme Court ruled that the enforced separation was not fair for the students. For the time in the United States, the Federal Government determined that students with disabilities create the path for a future legislation.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)
    The Elementary and Secondary Education Act passed on 1965 it has been most far reaching law in education. This act provides the students to have the same free and equal education. The ESEA will provide children with free reduced lunch. The ESEA encouraged all the States to figure out ways to improve the program. Initially, students with disabilities became a challenge to the teachers, because they did not have knowledge, skills on how the program should look like.
    https://youtu.be/4okt6u6OEkg
  • Hoing vs. Doe (1988)

    Hoing vs. Doe (1988)
    It was ruled by the Court, that students that have been proven to have a disability that include having behavioral disorders or social problems, that can affect their academics, could not be expelled from school.
  • Cedar Rapids v. Garret F. Garret

    Cedar Rapids v. Garret F. Garret
    Students that require assistance 24/7 still has the ability to attend school. In 1999, it was passed that students with serious health capacities will have a nurse in the school while the student have the opportunity to attend their classes on the regular basis.
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA)

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA)
    In 2004, the raise increased for special education licensure. School have to use the resources provided to determine the whether a student has a learning disability. It was enforced that all school districts will be sued if they violate the (IDEIA).
  • Winkle v. Parma City School District

    Winkle v. Parma City School District
    The Supreme Court ruled that the parents have the right to pursue and file a claim on the (IDEA) if parent/guardian believe the child has a disability.
  • Every Student Succeed Act (ESSA)

    Every Student Succeed Act (ESSA)
    President Obama signed the act that replaced the No Child LEft BEhind Act (NCLB) to provide the students opportunities for schools to have additional resources when students are making low progress in their academics areas.
    https://edsource.org/2015/president-obama-signs-every-student-succeeds-act/91743