History of Special Education

Timeline created by saugu022
In History
  • Council for Exceptional Children

    Council for Exceptional Children
    Council for Exceptional Children is the largest internationally recognized professional organization devoted to improving the educational experience of students with gifts, talents, or disabilities. It is the leads in the education field in development of preparation and professional practice standards and ethical principles. Council for Exceptional Children work to improve state and national level public policies which affects students with disabilities, gifts, and talents.
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
    The segregation of black and white students into separate schools was declared unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court. It was ruled unanimously (9–0) racial segregation in public schools violated the Fourteenth Amendment in the Constitution, which prohibits the states from denying equal protection of the laws to any person within their jurisdictions. The decision was applied to public school but implied segregation was not permissible in other public facilities.
  • Department of Public Welfare v Haas

    Department of Public Welfare v Haas
    There was a ruling in Illinois where the state did not have to provide a free public education to students with disabilities because they were considered "feeble minded". The state won a judgement against Haas requiring the parent to pay the maintenance fee for the services being provided to his child. The state of Illinois stated the state constitution contradicted the mental health code. https://www.leagle.com/decision/195821915ill2d2041196
  • ESEA

    ESEA
    Elementary and Secondary Education Act was signed to provide equal opportunity for all students. The ESEA authorize states to run programs for eligible schools and districts eager to raise the academic achievement of struggling learners. It, also, address the complex challenges which arise for students who live with disability, mobility problems, learning difficulties, or poverty.
  • The Rehabilitation Act of 1973

    The Rehabilitation Act of 1973
    The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 was signed to prevent discrimination based on disability in programs conducted by federal agencies, in programs receiving federal financial assistance, in federal employment and in the employment practices of federal contractors. The act was the first legislation to address the notion of equal access for individuals with disabilities. It created rights for people with disabilities through affirmative programs.
  • The Education for All Handicapped Children Act

    The Education for All Handicapped Children Act
    The Education for All Handicapped Children Act was passed. It allowed children with disabilities to access public education. The supplemental funding for special education and related services was provide by the state. The state had to comply with the law to receive the federal funding. https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/94/s6/summary
  • IDEA

    IDEA
    Congress reorganized the foundation of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act. The Education for All Handicapped Children Act was renamed Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. The previous recommendations for the act were adjusted to include children with disabilities to have the same opportunity for education as other children who do not have a disability. https://youtu.be/3XMndYNEGFA
  • NCLF

    NCLF
    Elementary and Secondary Education Act was reorganized by Congress. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act was renamed No Child Left Behind Act to include Title 1 provision allowing children with disabilities to benefit. The law was for K–12 general education in the United States. The law held schools accountable for how kids learned and achieved. The law was controversial in part where schools were penalized if there was no improvement shown. https://youtu.be/0--2nhsDorg
  • IDEA

    IDEA
    Congress renewed Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. A new requirement was added requesting a summary of academic and functional performance to be given to every student in special education. The students exiting high-school are to graduate with a regular diploma or exceeding the age for special education under state law. https://youtu.be/rgwstMsPvd4
  • ESSA

    ESSA
    Every Student Succeeds Act was a law created to holds schools accountable for how the students learn and achieve. The law aims to provide an equal opportunity for students who get special education services. The change of the act did not eliminate provisions to the periodic standardized tests being given to students. https://www.ed.gov/essa?src=rn