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History of Special Education and Inclusive Education

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    History of Special Education

  • AAIDD

    AAIDD
    American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities is the oldest and largest interdisciplinary membership organization of professionals and others who are interested in promoting progressive policies, sound research, effective practices and universal human rights for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Cultivate and provide leadership in the field which encompasses a diversity of disciplines, cultures and perspectives.
    https://www.aaidd.org/about-aaidd
  • Am Association on Mental Deficiency

    Am Association on Mental Deficiency
    AAMD was one of the first organizations who advocated for Special Education. During this year, they held their first convention lead by parents who were concerned about the needs of their children and their future education. It marked the beginning for what we know today as Special Education.
  • BEH

    BEH
    Congress creates the Bureau of Education for the Handicapped, which administers programs for students with disabilities. In addition, to coordinating student services throughput the state and participating in multiple inter-agency efforts designed to strengthen the quality and variety of services available to eligible students with disabilities. The Bureau was in charge of putting together parents, professional, state and national leaders to support these students.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    ESEA (Public Law 89-10) is in charge of supporting many initiatives that help low- income families access high-quality education programs, it aides with provisions such as free or reduced lunches and additional teachers in disadvantaged communities; it applies to students who need that extra support from public school education programs.
  • Children Specific Learning Disabilities Act

    Children Specific Learning Disabilities Act
    The Congress passes the Children with Specific Disabilities Act, which was the first time federal law mandates support services for students with learning disabilities. It is included in the Education of the Handicapped Act of 1970, later on. The act was enacted to create support service programs for students with learning disabilities.
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act

    Vocational Rehabilitation Act
    VRA or know as well as Public Law 93-112, Section 504, prohibited discrimination against students with disabilities in federally funded programs. It defined handicapped person, as well as appropriate education; very meaningful because when professional give a name to a term or concept it becomes more established within the field opening up to new researches and investigation in regard to the needs of the students.
  • Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act

    Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
    FERPA is a federal law that protects the privacy of student records by prohibiting schools from disclosing the personally identifiable information in student education records. There is a variety of student education record types, such as: financial information, disciplinary files, personal information, student course history, students transcripts and immunization and health records.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nhlDkS8hvMU
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act

    Education for All Handicapped Children Act
    EAHCA was known as the Mainstreaming Law, which required states to provide a free and appropriate public education for children with disabilities from the ages 5-18. They also required individualized education programs (IEP's), it defined for the first time what least restrictive environment meant.
  • Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments

    Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments
    Required the states to extend free and appropriate public education for children with disabilities with ages in between 3-5, in addition to establishing early intervention programs for infants and toddlers with disabilities (birth to two year old). Fundamental change for early learning stages and how the federal government can help and support these students from an early age given them more opportunities to succeed and grow based on their needs.
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
    Replaces what EAHCA was, and establishes "people-first" language. As well as, the extension of special education services (social work, technology, and rehabilitation services). Requires state to provide with bilingual education programs, in addition to the development of individualized transition programs for students with disabilities by the time they reach the age of 16.
  • IDEA Improvement Act

    IDEA Improvement Act
    IDEIA allows districts to use RTI model for determine whether a child has a specific learning disability. Increases federal funds to provide early intervention services to students who do not need special education or related services, helps to raise the standards for special education licensure. It adopts policies designed to prevent disproportionate representation of students in special education by race and ethnicity.