History of Psychology

  • 980


    The first trace of biological psychology.
    In his book The Canon Of Medicine, it shows treatment techniques using emotions and inner feelings.
  • Willhelm Wundt

    Willhelm Wundt
    "Father of Psychology"
    Opened World's first psychology lab at the University of Leipzeg.
    Used introspection (examining own thoughts and feelings)
  • William James

    William James
    "Father of American Psychology"
    Founded functionalism (consciousness existing as a more continuous and changing process)
  • Sigmund Freud

    Sigmund Freud
    Founder of Psychoanalysis.
    Emphasized the unconscious mind.
    Theory of Personality (believing early childhood experiences and unconscious impulses contributed to the development of adult personality and behavior).
  • Joseph Jastrow

    Joseph Jastrow
    He is the first to receive a doctorate in psychology. Founder of Pyschophysics.
  • Edward Titchner

    Edward Titchner
    • Student of WIllhelm Wundt
    • Founded psychology's first school of thought
    • Structuralism (human consciousness can be broken down into parts)
  • Ivan Pavlov

    Ivan Pavlov
    Behaviorism (purely learning by observing)
    Dog experiment becomes the first example of classical conditioning.
    Rejected conscious and unconscious mind.
  • Max Wetheimer

    Max Wetheimer
    Phi phenomenon - perceiving a series of still images as the illusion of movement.
  • Lev Vygosky

    Lev Vygosky
    Founder of Sociocultural Theory (society causes individual developement) and Zone of Proximal Develpoment (the distance between the level of actual and potential development).
  • Gestalt Theory

    Gestalt Theory
    Response to structuralism.
    Looks at the mind and behavior as a whole.
    Instead of focusing on every small detail, our minds tend to perceive objects as part of a whole and of more complex systems.
    Contributors: Max Wertheimer, Wolfgang Kohler, and Kurt Koffha.
  • Wolfgang Kohler

    Wolfgang Kohler
    Summarized the Gestalt theory as "the whole is different than the sum of it's parts." He is known for research on problem-solving, criticisms of introspection, and opposition to behaviorism.
  • Carl Rogers

    Carl Rogers
    One founder of the Humanistic Psychology.
    He believed in the power of free will and self determination
  • Abraham Maslow

    Abraham Maslow
    Famous for "The Hierarchy of Needs" which suggested people were motivated by increasingly complex needs.
  • George A. Miller

    George A. Miller
    Founder of Cognitive Psychology. MRI and PET scans helped the ability to study the inner workings of the human bran.
  • Richard Dawkins

    Richard Dawkins
    Evolutionary Psychology. New ways of looking at aggression and other social phenomena. Believes evolution is the reasoning for the structure of the brain.
  • Jerome Bruner

    Jerome Bruner
    Helps formulate cultural psychology. Focuses on the behavioral influences with culture and relationships.