History of Psychology

  • Wilhelm Wundt

    Wilhelm Wundt
    He opened an institute for experimental psychology at the University of Leipzig in Germany, it was the first lab dedicated to psychology and represents the beginning of modern psychology. He separated psychology from philosophy by analyzing the work of the mind in a more structured way.
  • Stanley Hall's Lab

    Stanley Hall's Lab
    He stablished an experimental psychology laboratory in Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, USA)
  • APA was founded

    APA was founded
    American Psychological Association founded by Stanley Hall
  • Functionalism

    Theory about the nature of the mental states and how the mind works, is the most familiar view of mind and cognitive science among philosophers. Focuses on the acts and functions of the mind rather than its internal contents. Egon Brunswik represents it.
  • Psychoanalysis

    Sigmnd Freud an austrian neurologist, known as the father of psychoanalysis and he refers to it a theory of how the mind works and treatment modality. He develops an influential therapy based on this assertion, using free association and dream analysis.
  • Structuralism

    Theory that focuses on the structure of the mind and the human culture and that it can be associated with external events or elements. Also focuses on contrasting the contents of the mind and comparing it to funtionalism.
  • US Army

    US Army
    In order to enter the US Army, soldiers had to go through some mental tests and interviews that gave origin to some tests like standardize tests and IQ tests.
  • First IQ tests

    First IQ tests
    Alfred Binet, a french psychologist, wanted to create a way in order to identify students who needed special help on the school curriculum and he created the IQ (intellectual quotient) test.
  • "The behavioral manifesto"

     "The behavioral manifesto"
    Was published by John B. Watson and it initiated behaviorism as a discipline and academic field of study,
  • Rorschach test

    Rorschach test
    Is a psychological test of inkblots perceptions and they are recorded and then analyzed. Some psychologists use this test to examine a person's personality characteristics and emotional functioning.
  • Hans Berger

    Hans Berger
    Invented the electroencephalography (EEG) test that detects electrical activity in the brain using small, flat metal discs (electrodes) attached to the scalp.
  • Alcoholics Anonyms (AA)

    Alcoholics Anonyms (AA)
    Bill Wilson founded a fellowship to help people to "to stay sober and help other alcoholics achieve sobriety"
  • Gestalt

    Gestalt psychology tries to understand the laws of our ability to aobtain and maintain meaningful perceptions under chaotic circubstances. Gestalt therapy deals with assumptions like awareness, self support, contact, developing contact skills, mental health and mental illness.
  • "The Beavior of Organisms"

    "The Beavior of Organisms"
    B.F. Skinner published the book where he launched a new science based on selection by consequences as the mechanism through which behavior changes during the lifetime of the individual.
  • First drug to treat depression

    First drug to treat depression
    The use of Tofranil was approved by the FDA in the United States.
  • APA Ethnical Standards

    APA Ethnical Standards
    The document talks about a review and is now known as APA's Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct.
  • The magical number seven plus minus two

    The magical number seven plus minus two
    This article talks about the short term storage process of working memory that can only hold about seven items at a time. To be able to hold more than seven words you can combine words into biggler chunks, like scentences or stories.
  • FDA approves Lithium

    FDA approves Lithium
    Lithium carbonate tis used to treat patients with bipolar mood disorders and/or depression.
  • PET

    The Positron Emission Tomography is animaging test of the brain. It uses a radioactive substance called a tracer to look for disease or injury in the brain.
  • "The Selfish Gene"

    "The Selfish Gene"
    The publication of The Selfish Gene was very popular and somehow controversial. It talks about the evolutionary theory and how evolution is best viewed as acting on genes.
  • Standardized test

    Standardized test
    The use of standardized test was banned in schools along the United States because of the discrimination against the African American students.
  • Drugs approved for depression

    Drugs approved for depression
    Prozac, paxil, zoloft. They all act on neurotransmitters, specially serotonin. It attacks attention and debate.
  • Jerome Burner

    Jerome Burner
    On 1990, Jerome Burner published "Acts of Meaning". There he argues that the cognitive revolution has led psychology away from the deeper objective of understanding mind as creator of meanings. This statement created a big effect thatnks to the fact that he was one of the most influential psychologists of the century.