History of Australia

  • James Cook

    James Cook
    James Cook sailed around Australia and named the area New South Wales.
  • The First Fleet

    The First Fleet
    British ships called the “First Fleet” left England with convicts to establish a prison colony.
  • British Settlement

    British Settlement
    In 1788, the British prisoners settled in Australia once they were released from prison.
  • New South Wales

    From 1788 to 1832 New South Wales was officially a penal (prison) colony mainly consists of prisoners, marines (guards), and the marines families.
  • Port Arthur, Tasmania ,Part of Australia

    Port Arthur, Tasmania ,Part of Australia
    Port Arthur, Tasmania
    • From 1833, until the 1850s, it was the
    destination for the hardest of convicted British
    and Irish criminals, those who were secondary
    offenders having re-offended after their arrival
    in Australia.
  • 1861 Century Government

    The 1861 century government officials created boundaries for the colonies that are still in place today.
  • The British Transport

    The British Transport
    The British transported prisoners to Australia until 1868.
  • 1905

  • 1910

  • 1915