History of Australia

  • Dutch Sails

    Dutch Sails
    First Europeans to sail to Australia were the Dutch (Netherlands) in 1606, but they didn’t settle there
  • European Exploration : British

    European Exploration : British
    -1770: Captain James Cook sailed around Australia
    -named the area New South Wales
  • First Fleet

    First Fleet
    British ships called the “First Fleet” left England with convicts to establish a prison colony
  • Settled into Australia

    Settled into Australia
    -British prisoners settled in Australia
  • South Wales is a Penal (Prison) Now

    South Wales is a Penal (Prison) Now
    New South Wales was officially a penal (prison) colony consisting mainly of convicts, marines (guards), and the marines’ families
  • Port Arthur, was the home for the hardest British and Irish criminals

    Port Arthur, was the home for the hardest British and Irish criminals
    -From 1833, until the 1850s, it was the destination for the hardest of convicted British and Irish criminals, those who were secondary offenders having re-offended after their arrival in Australia.
    -In addition, Port Arthur had some of the strictest security measures of the British penal system
  • Government created boundaries in Australia

    Government created boundaries in Australia
    government officials created boundaries for the colonies that are still in place today
  • Transported Prisoners

    Transported Prisoners
    British transported prisoners to Australia until 1868
  • The Commonwealth of Australia was established

    The Commonwealth of Australia was established
    -the Commonwealth of Australia was established
    -Melbourne served as the national capital until Canberra was completed in 1927
  • Restriction Act

    Restriction Act
    Immigration Restriction Act of 1901: restricted migration to people primarily of European descent, This was dismantled after the Second World War.