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History of Andorra

By dfrench
  • Jan 1, 1288

    Joint Leadership Established

    Joint Leadership Established
    After a power struggle in Andorra between the Bishop and Count of Catalonia, the former called upon the Count of Foix for assistance. After a period of a great politcal confusion, documents known as the Pariatges, establishing joint control between the Bishop of Catalonia and the Count of Foix, who would later become the King of France.
  • Jan 1, 1419

    Creation of Council of the Valleys

    Creation of Council of the Valleys
    The residents of Andorra petitioned the co-princes of their nation for a parliament of sorts to consider local issues. The petition was granted and the General Council of the Valleys was created, with four representatives from each of the then six parishes, for a total of 24 members.
  • Gov't Acquires Casa de la Vall

    Gov't Acquires Casa de la Vall
    This historic building was built in 1580, by the Busquets family. It served as a manor, and the towers as a means of defence. It was purchased by the General Council of the Valleys of Andorra. It has been the location of Andorra's government to the present day. The building underwent renovations in 1962.
  • First Road Built

    First Road Built
    The first official road was built in 1913 in Andorra, thus ending it's isolation with the outside world. It lead to Catalonia, Spain. The road was asphalted later in 1949.
  • Electricity

    Electricity came to Andorra in 1929 in the form of a hydroelectric plant, owned by the Forces Elèctriques d’Andorra SA company. Today this provides 40% of Andorra's electricity, the rest coming from Spain.
  • "King Boris I of Andorra"

    "King Boris I of Andorra"
    Several high ranking officials in the Andorran government supported an attempt by this man to declare himself "King Boris I of Andorra". Guards of the Bishop of Catalonia arrested the man, but the turmoil he created resulted in the judicial branch firing every member of the Council of the Valley (the legislature). The French sent troops to prevent anarchy, and new elections were held (coinciding with universal male suffrage).
  • Universal (Male) Suffrage Granted

    Universal (Male) Suffrage Granted
    In April 1933 a group of young men, upset with the current voting system in which only the head of the household could cast a vote, marched around the country in protest, eventually collecting 200 followers. This eventually led to France sending troops to subdue the protesters, but their demands were fulfilled. Women were given the right to vote much later, in 1970.
  • End of War Against Germany

    End of War Against Germany
    Andorra officially ends it's war on Germany, after finding out that such a thing had not been done after World War II since the small nation was not invited to the Treaty of Versailles.
  • 7th Parish Created

    7th Parish Created
    Escaldes-Engordany is established as the seventh parish in Andorra, splitting away from Andorra-la-Vella.
  • Constitution Estalished

    Constitution Estalished
    The Constitution of Andorra was completed in the top floor of Casa de la Vall, the seat of the government in Andorra la Vella. This area used to contain the Postal Museum.
  • Valley Becomes UNESCO World Heritage Site

    Valley Becomes UNESCO World Heritage Site
    The Madriu-Pera-Claror Valley, located in the parish of Escaldes-Engordany, the only one in the country. It was declared such on the grounds that it was of cultural significance, demonstrating the various ways resources were used in the area.
  • Creation of Andorra

    Creation of Andorra
    In 8th century Europe, the Islamic Moors were advancing on Christian France, and 5,000 people of modern-day Andorra, not liking being considered a portal for the Moors, took up arms against them. After the fighting had ended, Emperor Charlemagne established Andorra as a sovereign state, under the control of the bishop of Catalonia, Spain.