History fo TPS

By EFares

    UNIVAC (Universal Automatic Computer) was first made computer to be accepted by the public. it was based on vacuum tubes, it was the first computer to process trnsactions for businesses

    COBOL (Common Business Oriented Language). At that time, computers were mostly used in science and maths calculations. It used large and small mainframes and it targeted business applications. It was the first language for TPS.
  • IBM System/360

    IBM realised its successful system/360 range of computers and peripherals. It supported approx. 40 different peripherales and the ability to include components to improve fault tolorence. it supported real time inputs and proccessing from hundreds attached terminals.
  • CICS

    CICS (Customer Imformation Control System) was first created by IBM.CICS is a TPM (transaction process monitor) the manandes the processing of transaction from multiple clients.
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    System R

    SQL was developed by IBM under the name System R. Ted Codd is considerd the founder of relational database theory. The product allowed users to directly interrogate database.

    1980s commercial general-purpose rational database management systems (RDBMS) emerged. these systems used SQL both to create ratioanal DB us DDL (data defenition language) statements to view and update rational DB using BML (data manipulation language)
  • ANSI

    SQL became ANCI (American national standards institute) however most current DB systems include their own non-standard extentions.
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    MS & RDMS

    Microsoft entered the RDMS market in 1990s with the SQL server product. MS SQL server involved Sybase DBMS. MS dissoleved the partnership with Sybase and remained with SQL server
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    Today's TPS

    Today oracle, IBM's DB2 & MS SQL server domenate the market, however some products like MySQL have significant market share.
    banks, large corporations and government departments use TPM to manage transactions across variety of DB and applicationsof different types, operated by different org. and in different locations. TPMs are an example of enterprise systems as the mange critical data and processes across entire org.