History 7 Timeline

  • 1095

    Pope Urban II calls for the Crusades

    Pope Urban II calls for the Crusades
    The muslims invaded the Holy Land and the Pope created crusades to take the land back, and they learned about new goods.
  • 1200

    The Big Shift

    The Big Shift
    After the crusades the people learned of new things in the new land which made them focus on trade.
  • 1254

    Marco Polo Born

    Marco Polo Born
    Marco Polo was born and followed in his fathers footsteps and became a merchant. Born in Venice, Italy which was a center for trading.
  • 1293

    Polos Journey Home

    Polos Journey Home
    Polos journeyed home by ship and many people died on the way back home due to storms and disease.
  • 1298

    Polo Captured

    Polo Captured
    Was caught in battle against Genoa and was captured as a prisoner of war. Met a writer who inspired him to write a book of journeys which became a bestseller.
  • 1415

    Portugal Expands

    Portugal Expands
    The Portuguese captured the Fortress of Ceuta and became involved in the market of gold and by selling the gold they got. Gold became more important because cities were using them for coins and they realized it would be easier to travel gold by sea than land and brought about the development of the caravel.
  • 1419

    Portugal Discovers Islands

    Portugal Discovers Islands
    Prince Henry's financing led to the discovery of the Madeira Islands.
  • 1421

    Portugal Discovers More Islands

    Portugal Discovers More Islands
    Portugal made a discovery of the Azores Islands that Prince Henry financed.
  • 1434

    Return from Cape Bojador

    Return from Cape Bojador
    After 15 fails, one of Prince Henry's ships finally made it around Cape Bojador and returned safely. This motivated Portugal to venture even farther.
  • 1488

    Portugal Goes Around Africa

    Portugal Goes Around Africa
    Portugal made it around the tip of Africa, but the crew refused to go any farther. Días discovered what he called "Cape of Storms" that was later named Cape of Good Hope.
  • 1498

    Portugal Reaches India

    Portugal Reaches India
    Da Gama's Voyage reached India, which made Portugal become among the richest countries in Europe.