Great Plains Reservation

  • Federal Government passed act

    The federal government had passed an act that designated the entire Great Plains as one enormous reservation, or land set aside for Native American tribes.
  • Government changes policies

    The government changed its policy and created treaties that defined specific boundaries for each tribe.
  • Sand Creek Attack

    One of the most tragic events happened when the Cheyenne tribe peacefully returned to Colorado's Sand Creek Reserve. Then a whole bunch of Chivington's troops came and attacked. This attack at dawn killed over 150 inhabitants, mostly women and children.
  • Crazy Horse

    The warrior Crazy Horse ambushed Captain William J. Fetterman and his company at Lodge Trail Ridge. Over 80 soldiers were killed. Native americans called this fight the Battle of the Hundred Slain. Whites called it the Fetterman Massacre.
  • Sitting Bull

    Sitting Bull never signed the Treaty of Fort Laramie. But they still expected to use their normal hunting grounds.
  • Period: to

    Red River War

    War broke out again as the Kiowa and Comanche engaged in six years of raiding that finally led to the Red River War.
  • Custers Last Stand

    When Colonel Custer and his troops reached the Little Bighorn River, the Native Americans were ready for them. Led by Crazy Horse, Gall, and Sitting Bull, the warriors with raised spears and rifles outflanked and crushed Custer's troops. WIthin an hour Custer and all his troops were dead.
  • Dawes Act

    In 1887 COngress passed the Dawes Act to Americanize the Native Americans. The act broke up the reservations and gave some of the reservation land to individual Native Americans- 160 acres to each head of household and 80 acres to each unmarried adult. The government would sell the remainder of the reservations to settlers, and the resulting income would be used by Native Americans.
  • Wounded Knee

    Custers old regiment rounded up 350 starving and freezing Souix and took them to a camp at wounded knee creek. The next day the soldiers demanded that the Natives give up all their weapons. A shot fired from either side. The soldiers open fired with deadly cannon. With short time Seventh Calvary slaughtered as many as 300 unarmed Native Americans.