German Unification Timeline

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    Napoleon Invades German Lands

    Napoleon invades German lands and ads land along the Rhine river to France. At first some germans welcomed the french emperor. Napoleon's conquests was what sparked nationalism in Germany.
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    Congress of Vienna

    The Congress of Vienna began after Napoleon was defeated and ended around when there was the first breakout of world war 1. The Congress of Vienna was an assembly that restructured and changed Europe after the invasions of Napoleon. The major priority of the Congress was to fix the territorial issues and reorganize central Europe.
  • Otto Von Bismarck Birth

    Otto Von Bismarck Birth
    Otto Von Bismarck was worn in Schoönhausen, Germany. His father was Karl Wilhelm Ferdinand von Bismark and his mother was Wilhelmine Wise Mencken. Bismarck's nickname was the Iron Chancellor.
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    The Zollverein is an economic union created by Prussia. It took apart tariff blockades that separated lots of the German states. Even after that, Germany stayed politically broken up
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    Frankfurt Assembly Demands Unity

    Liberals met in the Frankfort Assembly and demanded for german political unity. They debated if Germany should be a republic or a monarchy.
  • Frederick William IV is Offered Throne

    Frederick William IV is Offered Throne
    Frederick WIlliam IV is offered the throne of a newly united German state. Frederick William IV was the ruler of Prussia. He rejected the offer because it didn't come from German princes but came from the people.
  • Bismarck Becomes Prime Minister

    Bismarck Becomes Prime Minister
    After Bismarck unites Germany, King Wilhelm I makes Bismarck prime minister of Prussia. He becomes prime minister after 11 years of experience in foreign affairs.
  • Blood and Iron Speech

    Blood and Iron Speech
    The Blood and Iron speech was given by Otto Von Bismarck, the chancellor of Germany. This speech was about the unification of German territories.
  • Bismarck Declares War on Denmark

    Bismarck Declares War on Denmark
    Bismarck declares war with Denmark to form an alliance with Ausrtia. He leads Prussia and Austria into a war with Denmark
  • Bismarck Declares War on Austria

    Bismarck Declares War on Austria
    Bismarck came up with an "excuse" and decides to attack Austria breaking their alliance made in the last war on Denmark. This war was also called the Austro- Prussian War and lasted only seven weeks. Prussia won and took control or a bunch of other northern German states.
  • Constitution Drafted by Bismarck

    Constitution Drafted by Bismarck
    The constitution set up a two-house legislature, the upper house and lower house. The upper house was decided by the rulers of the german states while the lower house was elevted by world wide male suffrage.
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    Economic Development

    The goverment promoted economic development in Germany. Empire was determined to maintain economic strength and military power. It issued a single currency for Germany after 1871.
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    Franco Prussian War

    Napoleon was unhappy with Prussians victory against Austria. Bismarck wanted war against the French but Napoleon hoped against it. Prussia had an easy victory over France as they surrendered soon after the war started, France ended up accepting peace.
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    Campaign against the Socialists

    Bismarck felt that socialism was a threat to his German Empire. After failing to assasinate the kaiser, Bismarck had laws passed that got rid of socialist groups, cencelled their meeting, and shut down newspapers. After this failed attempt at getting socialist workers on his side, he tried to persuade them with laws to protect them. This became a model for other European nationd.
  • Bismarck Becomes Chancellor

    Bismarck Becomes Chancellor
    Bismark became the first chancellor and gounder of the German empire. He succeeded in preserving peace in Europe for about two decades.
  • Second Reich is Created

    Second Reich is Created
    The second reich, also known as empire was called the Holy Roman Empire. Everyone celebrated and was excited for the new empire.
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    Campaign against the Church

    The Kulturekampf was known as the "Battle for CIvilization". It was launched by Otto Von Bismarck. His goal was to make Catholics put loyalty to the state above allegiance to the church.
  • William I of Prussia becomes Emperor

    William I of Prussia becomes Emperor
    William I is crowned Germany Emperor in The Palace of Versailles. Bismark accepted and became the German emperor.
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    Population Growth

    The population growth from 1871-1914 provided a huge home marked and a highly skilled work force. The population started at 41 million in 1871 and went up to 67 million by 1914. The major population growth led to huge economic progress and began industrial development.
  • House of Krupp

    House of Krupp
    The House of Krupp became extremely popular after 1871. I was a huge industrial complex that made steel and weapons for the world market.
  • William II Becomes Kaiser

    William II Becomes Kaiser
    William II becomes the new German Emperor. William became the rightful owner as kaiser from his grandfather. He was confident in what he had and resisted introducing democratic reforms.
  • Bismarck resigns

    Bismarck resigns
    Bismarck resigns after Wilhelm I died and the throne was given to his son, Wilhelm II. Wilhelm opposed Bismarcks policies and much more, he soon asked him to resign.