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German Unification

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    Napoelon invades German lands

    The German Campaign was the campaign which ended the War of the Sixth Coalition and is part of the Napoleonic Wars. It took place in Germany after Napoleon's retreat from Russia in 1813.
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    Congress of vienna

    The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states and held in Vienna. It reorganized Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. The gaol of the Congress was to provide a long-term peace for Europe by settling critical issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars.
  • Otto Von Bismarks Birth

    Otto Von Bismarks Birth
    Otto von Bismarck was born on April 1, 1815, at his family’s estate in the Prussian heartland west of Berlin. His father was a Prussian landowning noble, and his mother came from a family of successful academics and government ministers.Otto Van Bismark was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890. He is also known as
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    The Zollverein

    The Zollverein, also known as the German Customs Union was a coalition of German states formed to manage tariffs and economic policies within their territories. By 1866, the Zollverein included most of the German states.
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    Frankfurt Assembly demands unity

    The Frankfurt Assembly was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany in 1848. Its existence was both part and the result of the March Revolution in the states of the German Confederation.
  • Frederick William IV is offered the Throne

    Frederick William IV is offered the Throne
    In 1849 he rejected the title of German Emperor offered to him by the Frankfurt parliament. He believed God should put someone in power, they shouldn't be offered the thrown from the people.
  • Blood and Iron speech

    Blood and Iron speech
    Otto von Bismarck delivered his "Blood and Iron" speech at a meeting of the budget commission of the Prussian Parliament. He called for a "small German" nation-state dominated by Prussia and rejected demands for liberal reform.
  • Bismarck declares war on Austria

    Bismarck declares war on Austria
    Bismarck declares war on Austria starting the Austro-Prussian War. It was deliberately provoked by Bismarck in order gain Austrias land for German unification.
  • Bismarck declared war on Denmark

    Bismarck declared war on Denmark
    The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War was a war fought between the German Confederation, its German allies on one side and the Kingdom of Prussia with its German allies and Italy on the other. This resulted in Prussian dominance over the German states.
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    Franco Prussian War

    The Franco-Prussian War was fought between France and Prussia and the German states. It was provoked by Otto von Bismarck to create a unified German Empire. This ended in Prussias victory.
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    Campaign against the Socialists

    After Germany was unified there was a growing population of socialists in Germany. Germans organized a social Democratic party that called for true parliamentary democracy and laws to improve for the working class. Bismark was worried that they would start a revolution. So Bismark sponsored laws that protect the working class. He also created health care, injury insurance, and retirement insurance. Germany became the first country to have health care and inspired many other European countries to
  • Constitution drafted by Bismarck

    Constitution drafted by Bismarck
    The Constitution of the German Empire was the basic law of the German Empire from 1871 to 1919. It was enacted on April 16, 1871. It ir refered to as Bismarck's imperial constitution, in German the Bismarcksche Reichsverfassung by many historians.
  • Bismarck becomes chancellor

    Bismarck becomes chancellor
    He was the first chancellor of the German Empire. He pursued pacific policies in foreign affairs and succeeding in preserving the peace in Europe for about two decades.
  • William I of Prussia becomes Emperor

    William I of Prussia becomes Emperor
    German emperor from 1871, as well as king of Prussia from 1861, Under his and the Minister President Otto von Bismarck, Prussia achieved the unification of Germany and the establishment of the German Empire.
  • Second Reich is created

    Second Reich is created
    The dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire and growing German nationalism, led to repeated attempts at unifying Germany. This German Empire was dominated by Prussia, and ruled by the Kaiser, Willam II. This new state dominated European politics at the end of the 19th century.
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    House of Krupp

    The House of Krupp had been open since the 1850s, but had never really been in use until the economic boom of the 1870s. The House of Krupp is a factory that produces steel and weapons for Germany. When the economic boom hit it was producing heavily again.
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    Population growth 1871-1914

    Germany industialized providing more jobs and money to families, allowing them to expand their families. There were 41 million people in 1871 and by 1914 there were 67 million people in Germany.
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    Economic development

    Germany was making many economic advancements at this time. They created railroads to connect the German states and made their own currency for all of the country to use, and. Germany also made tariffs to protect businesses and prevent their economy from collapsing when the economic depression hit Europe.
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    Campaign against the church (Kulturekampf)

    Bismarck grew up in a Lutheran family, not a catholic family. In newly unified Germany one third of the population was catholic. Bismarck thought that catholics loyalty remained with the pope and not with Germany. Kulturkamp was the battle of civilization to try to stop catholic rule. The state wanted to oversee all catholic teachings. But the battle backfired and the faithful rallied behind the church. Bismark sees this and quickly makes peace with the church.
  • William II becomes Kaiser

    William II becomes Kaiser
    William I came out of power in 1888, and was replaced by his son William II. William II was threatened by Bismark and asked him to resign so he could be the one the people looked to. He also believed in the divine right to rule.
  • Bismarck resigns

    Bismarck resigns
    When William II came to power he asked Bismarck to resign because he felt threatened by him. Bismark fights William II for power of Germany.