German Unification

  • Napoleon invades Russia

    Napoleon invades Russia
    it was clear that unless the Russians engaged the French Army in a major battle, Moscow would be Napoleon's in a matter of weeks. The two armies met at Borodino Field. By the end of the day, 108,000 men had died--but neither side had gained a decisive victory.
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    Congress of Vienna

    The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, and held in Vienna from September 1814 to June 1815. The objective of the Congress was to provide a long-term peace for Europe by settling critical issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. The goal was not simply to restore old boundaries, but to resize the main powers so they could balance each other off and remain at peace.
  • Otto Van Bismarck Birth

    Otto Van Bismarck Birth
    Bismarck was born in Germany. He was a conservative Prussian statesman who dominated German and European affairs from the 1860s until 1890.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
    The Battle of Waterloo, which took place in Belgium on June 18, 1815, marked the final defeat of French military leader and emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, who conquered much of continental Europe in the early 19th century. The Battle of Waterloo, in which Napoleon’s forces were defeated by the British and Prussians, signaled the end of his reign and the end of France’s domination in Europe
  • Zollverein

    The Zollverein or German Customs Union was a coalition of German states formed to manage tariffs and economic policies within their territories. Organised by the 1833 Zollverein treaties, the Zollverein formally came into existence on 1 January 1834.
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    Frankfurt assembly

    The Frankfurt Assembly was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany, elected on 1 May 1848. The session was held from 18 May 1848 to 31 May 1849, in the Paulskirche at Frankfurt am Main .After long and controversial debates, the assembly produced the so-called Frankfurt Constitution which proclaimed a German Empire based on the principles of parliamentary democracy.
  • Fredrick William IV is offered the throne

    Fredrick William IV is offered the throne
    Finally, the assembly offered Prussia's Fredrick william IV the crown of a united Germany. The king rejected the offer because it came not from the German princes but from the people--- "from the gutter".
  • Blood and Iron Speech

    Blood and Iron Speech
    Blood and Iron (German: Blut und Eisen) is the title of a speech by German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck given in 1862 about the unification of the German territories. It is also a transposed phrase that Bismarck uttered near the end of the speech that has become one of his most widely known quotations.
  • Bismarck declares war on Denmark

    Bismarck declares war on Denmark
    This war resulted in victory for prussia. This war advanced the foreign policy goals of bismarck.
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    Bismarck declares war on Austria

    Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks War, June 15–Aug. 23, 1866, between Prussia, allied with Italy, and Austria, seconded by Bavaria, Württemberg, Saxony, Hanover, Baden, and several smaller German states. It was deliberately provoked by Bismarck, over the objections of his king, in order to expel Austria from the German Confederation as a step toward the unification of Germany under Prussian dominance.The pretext for precipitating the conflict was found in the dispute between Prussia and Austria
  • Ems Dispatch

    Ems Dispatch
    The Ems Dispatch sometimes called the Ems Telegram, incited France to declare the Franco-Prussian War in July 1870. The actual dispatch was an internal message from the Prussian King's vacationing site to Otto von Bismarck in Berlin, reporting demands made by the French ambassador; it was Bismarck's released statement to the press that became known as Ems Dispatch.
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    Franco- Prussian War

    Prussian War was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia. The conflict centered on efforts to gain control of the southern German states. The conflict centered on efforts to gain control of the southern German states.
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    Economic Growth

    The unifcation of Germany and Bismark lead to a huge economic growth. In 50 years Germany grew from feudal simplicity to the great power. This power terrorised Europe throughout the First World War.
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    Population Growth

    Germany society grew and changed dramtically in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. The rate of growth averaged 1.34 percent. It grew from 41 million in 1871 to 65.3 million by 1914.
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    The German term Kulturkampf refers to German policies in relation to secularity and reducing the role and power of the Roman Catholic Church in Prussia, enacted from 1871 to 1878 by the Prime Minister of Prussia, Otto von Bismarck. Bismarck accelerated the Kulturkampf, which did not extend to the other German states such as Bavaria . Priests and bishops who resisted the Kulturkampf were arrested or removed from their positions.
  • Germany is Created

    Germany is Created
    Germany is a major economic and political power of the European continent and a historic leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields.The largest city is Berlin.
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    German consitution drafted by Bismarck

    The Constitution of the German was the basic law of the German Empire of 1871-1919. German historians often refer to it as Bismarck's imperial constitution. The constitution was effectively a treaty between its signatories, the North German Confederation and the four German states south of the River Main
  • William II becomes Kaiser

    William II becomes Kaiser
    in, 1888 William II succeded his grandfather ther as Kasier. The new emperor was supremely confident of his abilites and wished to put his own stamp on germany.
  • Bismarck Resigns

    Bismarck Resigns
    On March 15, 1890, Bismarck was awoken at 9 a.m. with the news that the Kaiser wished to see him in the Foreign Office in half an hour’s time. At last, the break between the two men could no longer be postponed, and a rancorous, awkward scene resulted, leaving Bismarck no choice but to offer his resignatio
  • House of Krupp

    House of Krupp
    Friedrich Krupp launched the family's metal-based activities, building a pioneering steel foundry in Essen.The company began to make steel cannons especially for the Russian, Turkish, and Prussian armies