German Unification

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    House of Krupp

    The Krupp family first appeared in the historical record in 1587, when Arndt Krupp joined the merchants' guild in Essen. In 1807 the progenitor of the modern Krupp firm, Friedrich Krupp, began his commercial career at age 19 when the Widow Krupp appointed him manager of the forge.
  • Napoleon's Invasion of Russia

    Napoleon's Invasion of Russia
    Napoleon invaded Russia, but he and his army were ravaged by freezing temperatures, food shortages, disease and Russian assaults. Most of Napoleon's 650,000 soldiers did not return to France (abdicated or were kiled or captured).
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    Congress of Vienna

    The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states. It was chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich. It was held in Vienna from September 1814 to June 1815.
  • The Birth of Otto Von Bismarck

    The Birth of Otto Von Bismarck
    Otto Von Bismarck was born on April 1, 1815. He was born in Schonhausen, in what became part of Germany in his lifetime.
  • The Battle of Waterloo

    The Battle of Waterloo
    The Battle of Waterloo was a battle in Belgium. France, led by Napoleon after his escape from exile in Elba, was defeated by Britan an Prussia. This was a crushing blow for Napoleon, as he abdicated after the battle.
  • Zollverein is Formed

    Zollverein is Formed
    The Zollverein was a coalition of German States that managed tariffs and economic policies. By 1866, most German states were in it.
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    Frankfurt Assembly

    The Frankfurt Assembly was a failed meeting of a preliminary parliament that's goal was to unify Germany. The ideas formed by the meeting were the basis for future German Constitutions. It proposed a constitutional monarchy with an emporer at the helm.
  • Blood and Iron Speech

    Blood and Iron Speech
    Otto von Bismark described in his Blood and Iron speech that the two things most important in international policy were war (blood) and making tools to build large armies (iron). He said this speech in front of the Prussian legislature.
  • Bismarck Declares War on Denmark

    Bismarck Declares War on Denmark
    The Second Schleswig War was fought between Prussia and Denmarck. Prussia won, and gained the area of Schleswig and Holstein.
  • Bismarck declares war on Austria

    Bismarck declares war on Austria
    Austria and the South of Germany fought Prussia in this war. It resulted in Prussian dominance over Germany.
  • German Constitution Drafted by Bismark

    German Constitution Drafted by Bismark
    This Constitution started out as the North German Constitution. It was revised later to be for all of Germany.
  • Ems Dispatch

    Ems Dispatch
    This telegram was from the Prussian king to Bismark. Bismarck's press release of it started the France-Prussian war.
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    Franco-Prussian War

    An alliance of German states, led by Prussia, declared war on France after the Ems Telegram. They defeated France, which was led by Napoleon III in this short war. Winning this war helped start the unification of Germany.
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    Population Growth in Germany

    The German Population grew from 41 million in 1871 to 65.3 million in 1911. Both death and birth rates decreased, but more people were born than died every year from 1871-1914. The population growth was caused in part by industrialzation.
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    Economic Growth in Germany

    Germany's economy boomed during this period. Itt s industrial growth contributed to this greatly. New innovations and ways to make products along with strong banks and free trade helped the German econom grow.
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    Campaign Against Church (Kulturkampf)

    Bismarks push for secularity was called Kulturkampf. It included many policies that tried to limit the power of the church. These policies weren't that successful, and Bismark made peace with the church.
  • Germany is Created

    Germany is Created
    After the Franco-Prussian war, the German States felt like they were working together well, so threy unite. This new nation was nicknamed the Second Reich.
  • Bismarck Becomes Chancellor

    Bismarck Becomes Chancellor
    On March 21, 1871 Bismarck formed the German Empire putting himself as the position of Chancellor. As chancellor, Bismarck won 3 wars.
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    Campaign Against Socialists

    Bismark thought that socialists were a danger to the leadership of germany, so he enacted laws that worked against them. These laws made working conditions better for the average worker, as they were an attempt to make the need for socialism less. Howerver, these workers stayed socialists and later were elected to the legislature.
  • William II Becomes Kaiser

    William II Becomes Kaiser
    William II was the last German Emporer who dismissed Bismark and helped start WW1. He succeded Frederick III as emporer.
  • Bismark Resigns

    Bismark Resigns
    King Wilhelm II wanted to rule alone, so he forced Bismark to resign. Bismark was 75 when he stepped down.