German Unification

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    Economic Development

    During this economic development germany went from a rural envornment to urban. They had a rapid population growth and started to use tere natural resources. This improved the economy dramatically.
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    Napoleon invades German land

    Napoleon invaded Copenhagen first. Napoleon kept sweeping through Germany for 12 years. Napoleon's last major win was in Dresden and was fought on the outskirts of Saxon, the capital of Germany.
  • House of Krupps

    House of Krupps
    The Krupps were one of Germanys wealthiest corporations. They were the biggest supplieers of military weapons. And went on to be one of the World's largest corporations.
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    Congress of Vienna

    This was held after the downfall of Napoleon. The point of this international conference was to balance the power spread in Europe. The goal was to maintain peace throughout the continent.
  • Birth of Otto Von Bismarck

    Birth of Otto Von Bismarck
    Otto's full name was Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck. He died on July 30, 1898 and his spouse was Johanna Puttkamer
  • Zollverein

    The Zollverein is a customs union and trade between German states. This was signed on March 22 1833 and took office on January 1, 1834. Friedrich List first advertised the idea to combine, abolish the customs barriers that were inhibiting trade within the states of the German Confederation.
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    Frankfurt Assembly Demands Unity

    The Frankfurt assembly last a little over a year. This event was the first freely elected parliament for all of Germany. Leaders discussed actions that could be taken to have more unity.
  • Frederich William IV is offered Throne

    Frederich William IV is offered Throne
    Frederich is a prussian monarch and was offered the crown by the Frankfurt Parliamenet but had refused. He was king of Prussia from 1840-1861. He always supressed democratic movements in a violent manner. He was involved in the making of the Prussian Union.
  • William I of Prussia becomes Emperor

    William I of Prussia becomes Emperor
    William I was regent for his sick brother in 1858 which helped him gain popularity. He became emperor in 1861 and was most known for talking about the "New Era" of liberalism. William I was a victim of a student trying to assasinate him.
  • Bismarck becomes Prime Minister

    Bismarck becomes Prime Minister
    Bismarck was prime minister of Prussia until 1890. Bismarck benefitted Prussia by creating dominance over other countries which made Prussia stronger. Bismarck would cause wars to create this dominance over coountries like Austria.
  • Blood and Iron Speech

    Blood and Iron Speech
    "blood and Iron" was a very famous speech by Bismarck in 1862. In this speech Bismarck was talking about the Unification of Germany territories. "Blood and Iron" were Bismarcks most famous quotes in the speech and that's how it got the name.
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    Bismarck Declares War on Denmark

    Bismarck provoked a second war on Denmarck. This started when Prussian forces crossed the border into Schleswig. The purpose of this war was for control of the duchies of Holstein and Lauenburg.
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    Bismarck Declares war on Austria

    This war was again, was deliberately provoked by Bismarck because he wanted to become more powerful. It was caused in order to expel Austria from the German Confederation. This was commonly known as the Austro-Prussian War.
  • Constitution Drafted by Bismarck

    Constitution Drafted by Bismarck
    This constitution existed until 1871 and was mostly written by Otto Von Bismarck. On April 16th the North German Consitution was accepted. North Germans had an influence on this document.
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    Franco Prussian War

    The Franco Prussian war lasted about a year. The war was between France, Prussia and the German states. During the Napoleonic wars Napoleon went through the German states easily and now it was reversed. The German states had a quick and overwhelming victory. This was made pssible by the Unification of the German Empire.
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    Popular Growth 1871-1914

    In 1871 there was a population of 41 million people. In 1914 there was a rapid growth to 68 million people! This growth was due to industrialization of Germany. They had a foundation of coal, iron, steel and railroads.
  • Second Reich is Created

    Second Reich is Created
    Total, there were three Reich's created. The first was the Holy Empire, the second was created by Bismark durring unification until 1918 because of German defeat in WW1.
  • Bismarck becomes Chancellor

    Bismarck becomes Chancellor
    Bismarck was the founder and first chancellor of the German Empire in 1871 until 1890. In 1890 Bismarck was replaced by Kaiser. He had a powerful rule and was known as "Iron Chancellor."
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    Campaign against the Church (Kulturekampf)

    Power was reduced in the Roman Catholic church. Otto Von BIsmarck accelerated this campaign. Catholics were being discriminated and prosecuted.
  • Campaign against the Socialists

    Campaign against the Socialists
    A very important law called the Anti-Socialist law was created by Bismarck who was an open anti-socialiat. This was yet another attempt to stop the growth of socialism but many opponents denied these acts.
  • William II Becomes Kaiser

    William II Becomes Kaiser
    Otto Von Bismarck was dismissed by william II in 1890. William II had a totally different plan for Germany. He was the last Kaiser and kind of Prussia and resigned in 1918.
  • Bismarck resigns

    Bismarck resigns
    Otto Von Bismarck's resignation was provoked by differences between himself and William II. His kast days were devoted mainly to writing memoirs.