Otto Von Bismarck German Unification

  • Napoleon invades Russia

    Napoleon invades Russia
    Napoleon gathered nearly half a million soldiers to invade Russia. The french army's resources were soon stretched thin on the Russian front lines, causing a weakening in the force.
  • Congress of Vienna

    Congress of Vienna
    The Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states. It was held in Vienna, to settle peace between the countries.
  • Otto Von Bismarck's birth

    Otto Von Bismarck's birth
    Otto Von Bismarck was born in April of 1815. He was born in Schönhausen, Germany.
  • Battle of Waterloo

    Battle of Waterloo
    The Battle of Waterloo marked the final defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte. In this battle, Napoleon’s forces were defeated by the British and Prussians.
  • Zollverein

    The Zollverein is the German Customs Union. It was formed to manage the tariffs and policies.
  • Frederick William IV is offered the throne

    Frederick William IV is offered the throne
    Frederick William IV was offered the throne of Prussia after his father's death. He was firmly against the liberalization of Germany.
  • Declares War on Denmark

    Declares War on Denmark
    Prussia loses the first war and doesn't gain any territory. Bismarck declares a second war on Denmark after which he will end up winning.
  • Frankfurt Assembly

    Frankfurt Assembly
    The first freely elected parliament for Germany. It was held in the Paulskirche at Frankfurt am Main.
  • Blood and Iron Speech

    Blood and Iron Speech
    Bismarck made a speech to the Budget Committee of the Prussian Chamber of Deputies. He said that Prussia needed to use "blood and Iron" or war and death to gain power.
  • Declares war on Austria

    Declares war on Austria
    This war was also known as the seven weeks war. Prussia ended up winning.
  • German Constitution Drafted by Bismark

    German Constitution Drafted by Bismark
    The first Reichstag, the parliament of the confederation, was elected on 12 February 1867.
    On 16 April it accepted the constitution, which was essentially written by Otto Von Bismarck.
    Stated parliament, elected by all male north Germans above the age of 25.
    It was renamed Deutsches Reich (German Empire), and the constitution of the confederation became the Constitution of German Empire.
  • EMS Dispatch

    EMS Dispatch
    Otto edited a telegram between Berlin and France. This ended up sparking the Franco-prussian war.
  • Period: to

    Franco-Prussian War

    French Parliament voted togo to war with Prussia on July 16th. Bismarck used this war to secure the unification of Germany. Tey created the Treaty of Frankfurt which gave Germany most of Alsace and parts of Lorraine.
  • Becomes Chancellor of Germany

    Becomes Chancellor of Germany
    Bismarck formed the German empire and appointed himself chancellor. He was also still in control of Prussia at the time.
  • Germany Created

    Germany Created
    This occured in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles. Bismarck proclaimed Kaiser Wilhelm I as ruler of new Germany.
  • Population Growth 1871-1914

    Population Growth 1871-1914
    Up to 1871, Germany had been primarily agricultural. By the 1890s, however, the rise of cities and industrial production had begun to reshape German ways of life. The rate of population growth averaged 1.34 percent, as compared to .47 percent annual growth in 1871. The result was that Germany’s population – 41 million in 1871 – grew to 49.7 million by 1891 and increased to 65.3 million by 1911.
  • Period: to

    German Growth

    Te growth in Germany was both economic and political. Between 1871 and 1914 the population grew tremendously. Also, the German economics were introduced to new laws and currency.
  • Econimic Growth 1871-1914

    Econimic Growth 1871-1914
    There was a crash of the economy as a result in a crash in the currency. Germany adopted the gold standard. Agricultural and industrial tariffs were introduced; however, remaining restrictions on trade and industry were taken away away. Bismarck was succeded as chancellor by Caprivi.
  • Campaign Against Socialist

    Campaign Against Socialist
    The Anti-Socialist Law of 1878 was perhaps the most important law of Bismarck’s chancellorship. Bismarck, who had never hidden his distaste for the teachings of socialism, made several attempts to destroy the growth of German Social Democracy during the 1870s – for instance through restrictions on revision of Germany’s Criminal Code.
  • Kulturekampf

    Refers to German policies in relation to secularity and reducing the role and power of the Roman Catholic Church in Prussia, enforced from 1871 to 1878 by the Prime Minister of Prussia, Otto von Bismarck.
  • House of Krupp

    House of Krupp
    A prominent 400-year-old German dynasty from Essen, have become famous for their steel production and for their manufacture of ammunition and armaments, and infamous for their brutal use of slave labor during World War II.
  • William II becomes Kaiser

    William II becomes Kaiser
    He was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. He was the eldest grandson of the British Queen Victoria and related to many monarchs and princes of Europe.
  • Bismarck Resigns

    Bismarck Resigns
    In 1888, the German Emperor, Wilhelm I, died leaving the throne to his son, Friedrich III. Friedrich opposed Bismarck's careful foreign policy, preferring vigorous and rapid expansion to enlarge Germany's "place in the sun". Friedrich forced Bismarck to resign on July 30, 1898.