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AICE-Euro Timeline Germany (1834-1873)

  • The Zollverein is made.

    The Zollverein is made.
    The Zollverein, also called the German Customs Union, was an alliance between the German states that was created by the Prussian government. It is responsible for the many free-trade regions across most of Germany. This Union also helped Prussia conquer the German states financially.
  • Period: to


    My name is Chandon Addis and I made this timeline about the happenings in Germany between the years 1834-1873 for a part of my AICE-European Summer Assignment.
  • The Cologne-Minden Railway is Completed.

    The Cologne-Minden Railway is Completed.
    This railway solved many struggles that many states were trying to solve. The main reason for building this railway was to avoid the the Dutch duties on the Rhine, since this increased the costs of importing and exporting goods across this river. Others believe this created better communication between the states connected to the railway.
  • Berlin riots begin.

    Berlin riots begin.
    These riots began to spread to Austria and Prussia. The King of Prussia encouraged the insurgents at first but soon after, brought his army to try to contain the rebelions. This act led to a German nationalist.
  • Klemens von Metternich is forced to resign.

    Klemens von Metternich is forced to resign.
    In 1848 a sequence of failed riots broke out in Austria. A good sum of people saw this as Metternich's fault, which lead to his resignation as Chancellor.
  • The First Schleswig War Began.

    The First Schleswig War Began.
    This war took place in southern Denmark and northern Germany for the decision of who should have the power over the Duchies of Schleswig and Holstein.
  • Frankfurt National Assembly begins.

    Frankfurt National Assembly begins.
    This assembly's focus was on the unification of Germany alongside Prussia and Austria. In the end,liberal Heinrich von Gagern was elected president of the parliament, and 596 liberals from the German Confederation came to the Assembly.
  • The Frankfurt Constitution is born.

    The Frankfurt Constitution is born.
    The Frankfurt Parliment created this constitution in hopes to make a unified German nation-state, which soon after failed.
  • The King of Prussia rejects crown.

    The King of Prussia rejects crown.
    Friedrich Wilhelm IV rejects Germany's offering of a crown because they did not go through the right procedures and did not get proper permission to have the right to offer him this gift.
  • The Frankfurt Parliment Dissolves

    The Frankfurt Parliment Dissolves
    After the King of Prussia rejected Germany's crown. the Parliment soon ended.
  • King Friedrich IV dies.

    King Friedrich IV dies.
    The current ruler of Prussia dies of a stroke, but remained the King until the day of his death. His brother Chrstian takes his place as the King of Prussia.
  • Otto Von Bismarck becomes the Minister President of Prussia

    Otto Von Bismarck becomes the Minister President of Prussia
    King Wilhelm I assigns Otto Von Bismarck as Minister President of Prussia. While upholding his possition, Bismarck prompts three short wars.
  • Second Schleswig War

    Second Schleswig War
    This was a conflict concerning Prussia and Austria verses Denkmark in regards to the leadership of the duchies of Holstein and Lauenburg. It ended in October of the same year, resulting in Prussia and Austria's victory as Denmark surrenders.
  • Austro-Prussian War

    Austro-Prussian War
    This war, also recognized as the Seven Weeks' War, was a conflict between the German Confederation and Prussia. During this war, Prussia was fighting Austria for power of the German Confederation. As a result of this war, the German Confederation ended, Austria became excluded from Germany, and Prussia and Italy came out victorious.
  • North German Confederation

    North German Confederation
    After the German Confederation was terminated, Prussia created the North German Confederation as a replacement. It started as a service alliance, but began to be formed into a confederation with a constitution. This Confederation is known mostly for its financial as well as official German unification.
  • Spanish Crown Offering

    Spanish Crown Offering
    Prince Leopold is offered the Spanish crown, which aggitated France. Friedrich Wilhelm IV, trying to keep the peace, convinced Prince Leopold to abdicate.
  • Franco-Prussian War

    Franco-Prussian War
    This war lasted less than a year, but had major impacts on Prussia and France. Prussia came out victorious, the German Empire as well as the French Third Republic were formed, and the French Empire fell.
  • Battle of Sedan

    Battle of Sedan
    This battle took place at the same time as the war between France and Prussia. In conclusion, Napoleon III was captured, and the Second French Empire was terminated.
  • The announcement of the German Empire.

    The announcement of the German Empire.
    This Empire was proclaimed at the Palace of Versailles, involving all German states except Austria.
  • France is conquered.

    France is conquered.
    Prussia defeats France.
  • The Treaty of Frankfurt is signed.

    The Treaty of Frankfurt is signed.
    The Treaty of Frankfurt is signed, signalling the end of the Franco-Prussian War.
  • Three Emperors' League is formed.

    Three Emperors' League is formed.
    This was an alliance between Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Germany that was created due to emperors Francis Joseph, Alexandar I, and William I. The goal of this formation was to keep peace between Austria-Hungary and Russia. This alliance ended in 1878 due to excessive disputes. The Triple Alliance was formed shortly after this.