Generations of Computers.

Timeline created by eneko urquijo
  • Norbert Wiener

    Norbert Wiener
    Nace la Cibernética
    It is the interdisciplinary study of the structure of regulatory systems.
    In other words, it is the science that studies energy flows closely linked to control theory and systems theory. Both in its origins and in its evolution, in the second half of the twentieth century, cybernetics is equally applicable to physical and social systems. Complex systems affect your external environment and then adapt to it.
  • Alan Turing

    Alan Turing
    Colossus
    In computer science, a universal Turing machine (UTM) is a Turing machine that can simulate an arbitrary Turing machine at arbitrary input. The universal machine essentially achieves this by reading both the description of the machine to be simulated and also the very input of its own tape
  • John Presper Eckert y John William Mauchly

    John Presper Eckert y John William Mauchly
    ENIAC
    It was one of the first general purpose computers. It was Turing-complete, digital, and capable of being reprogrammed to solve “an extensive class of numerical problems.” It was initially designed to calculate artillery firing tables for the United States Army Ballistic Research Laboratory.
  • Howard H. Aiken con IBM

    Howard H. Aiken con IBM
    Harvard Mark I
    The computer used electromagnetic signals to move the mechanical parts. This machine was slow (it took 3-5 seconds per calculation) and inflexible (the sequence of calculations could not be changed); but he executed basic mathematical operations and complex calculations of equations about parabolic motion.It worked with relays, was programmed with switches and read the data of perforated paper tapes.
  • Bardeen, Brattain y Shockley

    Bardeen, Brattain y Shockley
    Transistor de estado sólido (silicio)
    It deals with those circuits or devices constructed entirely of solid materials and in which the electrons, or other charge carriers, are confined entirely within the solid material. The term is often used to contrast with previous vacuum technologies and gas discharge tube devices and it has also been agreed to exclude electromechanical devices (relays, switches, hard drives and other devices with moving parts from the solid state).
  • Alan Turing

    Alan Turing
    Manchester Mark=For its architecture it was necessary to use around 800 km of cables and more than 3000000 connections, between pistons, cogwheels and other elements.Some of its features were: a main memory of 256 words of 40 bits each based on vacuum tubes; a memory that stored 3750 words; Performed a standard operation, in 1.8 milliseconds and instead to perform a multiplication was much slower, adding to the time of a standard operation 0.6 milliseconds for each bit that had the multiplier.
  • Eckert y Mauchly

    Eckert y Mauchly
    BINAC
    The instructions were executed in both processors, and then the results were compared, if these were the same, the next instruction was followed, if they were different, the execution was stopped. The memory capacity of each processor was 512 words of 31 bits each, and they used the binary system. Its two power units measured 0.45 × 0.45 × 1.2 meters each, and its console for data input measured 0.90 × 0.60 × 0.90 meters
  • Diseño de Charles Babbage

    Diseño de Charles Babbage
    1ª impresora eléctrica para texto
    A printer is a computer peripheral that allows you to produce a permanent copy of texts or graphics of documents stored in electronic format, printing them on physical media such as paper. The history of the printer can be traced along with the creation of the first computer, the analytical machine of Charles Babbage, although the inventor never managed to build his PC, he did finish the plans in which the printing mechanism was included.
  • J. Presper Eckert y John William Mauchly

    J. Presper Eckert y John William Mauchly
    UNIVAC I= con memorias de cinta magnética
    It was the first commercial computer manufactured in the United States, delivered on March 31, 1951 to the census office.
    It was a computer that weighed 7,250 kg, was composed of 5000 vacuum tubes, and could perform about 1000 calculations per second. It was a computer that processed the digits in series.These memories did not allow immediate access to the data, but were more reliable than the cathode ray tube memories used.
  • John van Neumann

    John van Neumann
    EDVAC
    The 'EDVAC was one of the first electronic computers. Unlike ENIAC, it was not decimal, but binary, and had the first program designed to be stored. This design became an architecture standard for most modern computers. The design of the EDVAC is considered a success in the history of computer science. The computer was designed to be binary with addition, subtraction and automatic multiplication and programmed division.
  • Werner Jacobi y Harwick Johnson

    Werner Jacobi y Harwick Johnson
    1er Circuito integrado
    An integrated circuit (IC), also known as a chip or microchip, is a structure of small dimensions of semiconductor material, usually silicon, of a few square millimeters of surface (area), on which electronic circuits are generally manufactured by photolithography and which is protected inside a plastic or ceramic package. The encapsulation has metal conductors suitable for making a connection between the integrated circuit and a printed circuit.
  • IBM

    IBM
    IBM 701=1er ordenador comercializado
    IBM 701, known as the "Defense Calculator" while it was being developed, was announced to the public on April 29, 1952 and was the first commercial scientific computer from IBM. His brothers in office computing were the IBM 702 and the IBM 650. During the four years of production, 20 units were sold.
  • IBM

    IBM
    Lenguajes de programación: Fortran
    The language was designed taking into account that the programs would be written on punched cards of 80 columns. Thus, for example, the lines should be numbered and the only possible alteration in the order of execution was produced with the goto instruction. These features have evolved from version to version. The current ones contain subprograms, recursion and a varied range of control structures.
  • Jack S. Kilby

    Jack S. Kilby
    1er microchip
    It consisted of a square Germanium tablet, a metallic and crystalline chemical element, measuring six millimeters per side and containing only one transistor, three resistors and one capacitor. Unlike conventional circuits, in the integrated circuit all its components are printed as a single piece by photolithography, thus lowering manufacturing costs and maintenance.
  • Douglas Engelbart y Bill English

    Douglas Engelbart y Bill English
    1er ratón informático
    This first prototype, manufactured in an artisanal way and with a wooden casing, fit perfectly in the shape of the hand and had two metal wheels that, when moving on a flat surface, moved two axes that marked the vertical and horizontal movement of the cursor on the screen. In addition, to be able to execute actions, the device included a single red button at the top
  • IBM

    IBM
    IBM 360
    It was the first family of computers that was designed to cover applications, regardless of their size or environment. Allowing IBM to draw a series of compatible models at differential prices.The IBM 360 is one of the first commercial computers that used integrated circuits, and could perform both numerical analysis and administration and / or file processing tasks. The 360 ​​is considered the starting point for the third generation of computers.
  • IBM

    IBM
    1er Bug informático
    It seems that there was some kind of problem that prevented the correct operation of the monstrous data computing machine, specifically in relay # 70 of panel F, found the "bug" and is that it was literally a "bug." A small moth had sneaked into the relay causing it not to make contact correctly and preventing its operation.The funniest and most curious thing about the story is that, consciously, the computer activity log book was documented with the comment.
  • Robert Noice y Gordon Moore

    Robert Noice y Gordon Moore
    Intel Corporation
    It is the largest manufacturer of integrated circuits in the world4 according to its annual turnover.5 The US company is the creator of the x86 series of processors, the most commonly found processors in most personal computers.
  • Joseph C. Licklider

    Joseph C. Licklider
    Red ARPANET
    it was a network of computers created by order of the Department of Defense of the United States (DOD) to use it as a means of communication between the different academic and state institutions
  • Arturo Roman y Cristoph Edmond.

    Arturo Roman y Cristoph Edmond.
    Sistema operativo Unix
    It is a portable, multitasking and multi-user operating system
  • Federico Faggin con Intel

    Federico Faggin con Intel
    1er Microprocesador
    it is the most complex central integrated circuit of a computer system; by way of illustration, the "brain" of a computer is usually called by analogy.He is in charge of executing the programs, from the operating system to the user applications; It only executes instructions programmed in low-level language, performing simple arithmetic and logical operations, such as adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, binary logics and memory accesses.
  • Niklaus Wirth

    Niklaus Wirth
    Lenguajes de programación:
    Pascals objective was to create a language that would facilitate the learning of programming for its students, using structured programming and data structuring. Over time its use exceeded the academic field to become a tool for creating applications of all kinds.It's characterized as a strongly typed structured programming language.Pascal facilitates the use of structured programming as opposed to the old style of monolithic programming
  • Seymour Cray

    Seymour  Cray
    CRAY I=The Cray-1 was a supercomputer designed by a large number of computer scientists headed by Seymour Cray for Cray Research.The system was installed in the Los Alamos national laboratory in 1976. It's one of the best known and most successful supercomputers in history and one of the most powerful in its time.The first version (Cray-1A) operated with 80 MHz vector processors, was a 64-bit system and weighed 5.5 tons, including the Freon cooling system; it only had 8 MB of Ram.
  • Niklaus Wirth

    Niklaus Wirth
    1os disquetes
    it is a magnetic data storage medium, formed by a thin circular sheet (disk) of magnetizable and flexible material (hence its name), enclosed in a plastic, square or rectangular cover, which was used in the computer, for example: for boot disk, to transfer data and information from one computer to another, or simply to store and safeguard files