Founding Fathers Timeline

By abbyw
  • Massacre At Mystic

    Massacre At Mystic was also known as the Pequot Massacre. This massacre occurred when Connecticut colonists stumbled upon Native Indian land. It started out as the Settlers and the Natives trying to coexist which didn't work out and the Settlers ended up attacking and killing the Pequot tribe because they felt like they needed to conquer the land and in order to do that they had to conquer the people.
  • The Scalp Act

    The Scalp Act
    The Scalp Act was enacted by Governor Robert Morris. Anyone who brought in the scalp of a male Indian above age 12 would be rewarded $150. For Indian females above the age of 12 or males under the age of 12 they would get paid $130. This act turned all Native American Indian tribes against the legislature.
  • Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party took place because American Colonists were fed up with the way they were being treated by Britain. They were angry with Britain for imposing "taxation without representation", meaning the colonists were being taxed by Britain without being represented in parliament. As an act of defiance against Britain, the colonists dumped 342 chests of British tea into the harbor. This was the first act of defiance by the colonists, which inevitably lead up to the American Revolution.
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord

    The battles of Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the American Revolution. These battles were considered major victories because they displayed the fact that King George's behavior would not be tolerated. 73 total men were killed, 174 were wounded, and 53 missing.
  • Signing of the Declaration of Independence

    The declaration of Independence was signed in the Pennsylvania State House. At that time many were weary of signing because they thought of it as "their own death warrants". It's important that this document was signed because it contains the goals of our nation. It also contains complaints of the colonists against the British king, King George III. It explains why the colonists wanted to be free of British rule, and can be described as a "break up letter" for Britain.
  • The Winter at Valley Forge

    The Winter at Valley Forge was a 6 month encampment of General George Washington's Continental Army at Valley Forge through the winter of 177-1778. This was important because it was a major turning point in the American Revolutionary War an all those men showed loyalty and determination. There were 11,000 troops station in Valley Forge, but unfortunately hundreds died from disease.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    The Battle of Yorktown is also commonly called the Siege of Yorktown. The battle lasted from September 28th, 1781 through October 19th, 1781. The American soldiers trapped the British on a peninsula in Yorktown, Virginia and forced them to surrender. This battle is important because it was the last major battle of the American Revolution.
  • The 3/5ths Compromise

    The 3/5ths Compromise
    The Three-fifths Compromise was an agreement reached over wether slaves would count for a sate's population. Three out of every five slaves in a state would count towards the population of that state. Delegates from states with a large population of slaves argued that slaves should be considered people to determine amount of seats in the House of Representatives and how much each state would pay in taxes.
  • Articles of Confederation are Ratified

    The Articles of Confederation were ratified because most delegates realized they were a flawed compromise and thought that by ratifying them a better government could be formed. It's important that The Articles of Confederation were ratified because without the ratification of these documents our current government may have never been formed and our government ay be more dysfunctional or unfair and not based around the people as a nation, as it is today.
  • The Constitution is Ratified

    The United States were governed by the Articles of confederation until the Constitution was ratified. The constitution was ratified because there were many flaws including the government not being able to tax, all states having only one vote no matter the size or population of the state, and lack of judicial court. It's important that the constitution was ratified because now our government is more fair and balanced than it may have been without the ratification of the Constitution.
  • Presidential Inauguration of George Washington

    The first inauguration was held on the balcony of Federal Hall in New York City. This was an important event because it marked the beginning of the new operations under the 1787 Constitution. The inauguration was held nearly two months after the beginning of George Washington's first 4 year term as president of the United States.
  • Washington's Farewell Address

    Washington's Farewell Address is a letter he wrote at the end of his second term of presidency before retiring. In his letter, Washington asked Americans to set aside their differences and not become so divided by their strong political beliefs. This letter is important because George Washington specifically mentioned Americans not being controlled by their emotions to stay as united as possible and in this century our country is extremely divided by political beliefs.
  • The Death of George Washington

    George Washington died in a 21 hour period. He died in his home after a brief illness and losing about 40 percent of him blood. Modern medics still don't know exactly what caused his death, but they have narrowed it down to a many likely theories. Washington's last words were spoken at around 10 pm on December 14th, and were "I am just going! Have me decently buried; and do not let my body be put into the vault less than three days after I am dead. Do you understand me?...Tis well!”.
  • Election Day, 1800

    This event is sometimes referred to as the "Revolution of 1800". It was held from October 31 through December 3, 1800. This was the first election where both political parties actually campaigned and ran candidates. This was an important colonial period because it was because of the election of 1800 that the 12th amendment was passed, which made the electoral college simpler.
  • Marbury VS Madison

    Marbury VS Madison was a major landmark of a supreme court case. This case established the power of the federal courts to declare executive and legislative acts as unconstitutional. This was an important event because after this happened, American courts were able to justify certain laws as violation to the constitution.
  • Slave Trade Ends in the United States

    Slave Trade Ends in the United States
    Slave trade in the U.S. ended on January 1, 1808, but some illegal enslaving still occurred for about the next 50 years. The Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves came out in 1807. January 1st of 1808 was the earliest date permitted by the U.S. Constitution.
  • Battle of Tippecanoe

    Battle of Tippecanoe
    The Battle of Tippecanoe was a battle between a U.S. expeditionary force and Shawnee Indians in Battle Ground, Indiana. This war was won by the U.S. forces and resulted in expansion through Native American Indian land.
  • The Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise
    The Missouri Compromise was an effort to preserve the balance in congress between slave and free states. The compromise admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson. This act allowed The President to grant lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders.
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    The Trail of Tears was part of the Indian Removal Act. Indians were forced out of their land, and while some went peacefully, others did not. On the Trail of Tears 160,00 Native American Indians from the Cherokee tribe were forced to march through over 1,200 miles of rugged land. Over 4,000 of these Indians died from disease, famine, and warfare.
  • Nat Turner Rebillion

    Nat Turner Rebillion
    Nat Turner was a slave who led a rebellion of enslaved Virginians in 1831. This rebellion caused a massacre of about 200 of black people. The rebels killed between 55 and 65 people, at least 51 of them being white.
  • The Fugitive Slave Act

    The Fugitive Slave Act
    This act required slaves to be returned to their owners even if they were in a free state. It also made the government responsible for finding, returning, and trying escaped slaves. Many states enacted laws that nullified it's effect.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    The Dred Scott Decision was was case in Missouri in 1846-1857. It was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court. This decision denied the legality of black citizenship in the United States and declared the Missouri Compromise to be unconstitutional.
  • The Dead Rabbits Riot

    The Dead Rabbits Riot was a civil disturbance lasting 2 days. It took place in New York City after a small street fight took place between members of the Dead Rabbits and the Bowery Boys. This eventually turned into a city-wide gang war. There was a total of 8 deaths and somewhere between 30 and 100 people injured.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. This proclamation declared that all slaves were to be free. There were, however, limitations. This proclamation only applied to the states that had seceded from the United States, meaning slavery was still legal in the loyal borders.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    The 13th amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude in all U.S. states and territories. This amendment was passed on January 31, 1865. This is a very important amendment because now (most) people see each other as equals no matter their race or beliefs, and that it is wrong to enslave people.
  • The Ku Klux Klan is Established

    The Ku Klux Klan is an American white supremacist/terrorist hate group. They primarily target African Americans, Jews, immigrants, homosexuals, Catholics, Muslims, and Atheists. The first branch of the Ku Klux Klan was founded by a group containing many former confederate veterans. This first branch was formed in Pulaski, Tennessee in 1865.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The 14th amendment granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, including former slaves, and guaranteed all citizens equal protection of the laws. This is important because it made everyone more equal and was a turning point in slavery because it officialized black people having more rights.
  • John D. Rockefeller Creates Standard Oil

    In 1870 Rockefeller created standard oil when he built his first oil refinery near Cleveland Ohio. By 1882 he basically had a monopoly over the oil business in the United States. Today, Rockefeller would be worth approximately $400 billion, which is about 3 times more than today's richest person in the world, Jeff Bezos.
  • Alexander Graham Bell Patents the Telephone

    On March 7, 1876, Alexander Graham Bell patented his new revolutionary invention, the telephone. This invention has changed communication in such an important way. Alexander's wife and mother were both deaf, so he had a personal connection with sound technology. He made the first long distance telephone call on August 10, 1876. The call reached around 6 miles, but was only one way. October 9th of 1876 was the first two way phone call using outdoor wires. The telephone was widely used by 1880.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn
    The Battle of Little Bighorn is also commonly referred to as Custer's Last Stand. During this battle, Native American groups led by Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull defeated the U.S. Army troops led by Col. George Armstrong Custer. This is important because this was the worst U.S. Army defeat in the long Plains Indian War, and was just one of many bloody battles between the settlers and the Native Americans.
  • The Great Oklahoma Land Race

    The Great Oklahoma Land Race was a race in Oklahoma between about 50,000 people. This event is also referred to as the Oklahoma Land Rush because this was the first unassigned land run into new territory that was formerly Indian territory. The race was really 50,000 people lined up at the start racing to gain a piece of the 2 million acres of the new land.
  • Battle of Wounded Knee

    Battle of Wounded Knee
    The Wounded Knee Massacre was the slaughter of approximately 150-300 Lakota Indians by U.S. Army troops in southwestern South Dakota. This massacre was the climax of the U.S. Army's efforts to repress the Plains Indians.
  • Ellis Island Opens

    Ellis Island was once the busiest immigration inspection stations in the United States. Ellis Island was established on January 1st, 1892 and closed November 12, 1954. Nearly 12 million immigrants were processed at Ellis Island. It's located in Upper New York Bay.
  • The Wizard of Oz (Book) is Published

    The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is a fictional children's book that was published in 1900. The publishing of this book resulted in a musical version in 1902. There is also an American silent fantasy film of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz that came out in 1910. This book is historically significant because it was considered a political allegory for American politics at the turn of the 20th century.
  • J.P. Morgan Founds U.S. Steel

    J.P Morgan formed U.S. Steel on March 2, 1901. U.S. Steel was once the largest steel producer and largest corporation in the world. Today it would be worth about $43.6 billion. J.P Morgan also acquired Andrew Carnegie's steel company and merged it with seven other steel companies, two of which he owned.
  • Teddy Roosevelt Becomes President of the United States

    Theodore Roosevelt took office as Vice President in 1901. The following September he took office as the 26th United States President at age 42 after President McKinley was assassinated. Teddy Roosevelt left office March 4, 1909. On January 6, 1919 Roosevelt unexpectedly passed in his sleep from a heart attack at the age of 60.
  • Ford Motor Company is Founded

    On June 16 in 1903, Ford Motor Company was founded in Detroit, Michigan by Henry Ford. This company is an American multinational automobile manufacturer that currently has about 12 different models of cars. Ford also sells luxury cars brand named Lincoln Luxury. Ford makes cars, SUVs, sports cars, trucks, vans, and hybrid vehicles. While Henry Ford did not invent the first automobile, he did invent a car he called Model A. This was the Ford company's first car, invented in 1903.
  • Ida Tarbell Publishes Her Article About Standard Oil

    In 1904 Ida Tarbell published her book over the history of the standard oil company. She wrote about how it is a business monopoly and uses unfair practices. Her book was also published as a series of articles in McClure's Magazine from 1902-1904 because her book was such a big hit.
  • The 16th Amendment is Passed

    This amendment gave the government the right to impose a Federal income tax without apportioning it among the states and without regard to the census. While it's important that we have an income tax this amendment needed to be simplified and made a little more fair, which is why this amendment was ratified February 3rd, 1913. We still have income tax today, but it was made a little more fair and based off how much money you make, which is important because it's how our government affords things.
  • Angel Island Opens

    Angel Island was an immigrant processing center that opened in January of 1910. It is an island located in San Fransisco Bay. The immigration station closed on November 5th, 1940.
  • The 17th Amendment is Passed

    The 17th Amendment made it so that there was a direct election of senators instead of voting by state legislature. This amendment was passed because it eliminated all political corruption. This amendment also gave senators more power in office and gave each state more senators. Without this amendment we might not have such a stable and fair voting system in the United States.
  • The Empire State Building Opens

    The Empire State Building is a 102 story skyscraper in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. The Empire State Building was intended to be the first 100+ story building. Construction began on March 17, 1930, and was completed in 1 year and 45 days. The height of this building is 1,454 feet to the tip.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    The 15th amendment offered greater protections from suffrage. It states that the right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied no matter their race, color, or previous condition of servitude. This is an important amendment because it gave people of color the right to vote.
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    Plessy vs. Ferguson was another landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision. This decision ruled that racial segregation laws did not violate the constitution under the "separate but equal" doctrine. This is important because it established the constitutionality of racial segregation.