Founding Fathers

  • Massacre at Mystic

    Massacre at Mystic
    Connecticut colonists under the control of Captain John Mason burned the Pequot Fort near the Mystic River.
  • The Scalp Act

    The Scalp Act
    Robert Morris
    People who brought him scalps of people would get money more or less depending on the age.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    Americans dumped 342 chests of tea in the ocean. The Americans were mad at Britain for “taxation without representation."
  • The Battles of Lexington and Concord

    The Battles of Lexington and Concord
    started the Revolutionary war
  • The Battles of Lexington and Concord

    The Battles of Lexington and Concord
    First military battles of the American Revolutionary War. Fought in Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay.
  • The Declaration of Independence is Signed

    The Declaration of Independence is Signed
    Congress signed it. John Hancock had the biggest signature.
  • The Winter at Valley Forge

    The Winter at Valley Forge
    Very cold and there wasn't enough food to go around.
  • The Winter at Valley Forge

    The Winter at Valley Forge
    12,000 men who arrived in Valley Forge, 3,000 soldiers died and another 2,000 left because they were so sick. Really cold and the diseases were bad.
  • Benedict Arnold turns traitor

    Benedict Arnold turns traitor
    secret negotiations with the British, agreeing to turn over the U.S. post at West Point in return for money and a command in the British army.
  • The Battle of Yorktown

    The Battle of Yorktown
    The battle ended military operations.
  • The Battle of Cowpens

    The Battle of Cowpens
    between U.S. forces under Brigadier General Daniel Morgan and British forces under Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton.
  • Article of Confederation are Ratified

    Article of Confederation are Ratified
    All states signed. Maryland signed last
  • The 3/5ths Compromise

    The 3/5ths Compromise
    Slaves were counted as a 3/5 of a person
  • The Constitution is Ratified

    The Constitution is Ratified
    New Hampshire was ninth of 13 states to ratify it.
  • Presidential Inauguration of George Washington

    Presidential Inauguration of George Washington
    2 months after his first term.
  • Washington’s Farewell Address

    Washington’s Farewell Address
    wrote to his friends and family before leaving office
  • The Death of George Washington

    The Death of George Washington
    light sickness and loss of 40% of blood
  • Election Day, 1800

    Election Day, 1800
    both parties had runners. tie between Jefferson and Burr.
  • Marbury vs. Madison

    Marbury vs. Madison
    Helped the US fights
  • Slave Trade Ends in the United States

    Slave Trade Ends in the United States
    No new slaves were allowed
  • The USS Constitution defeats the HMS Guerriere

    The USS Constitution defeats the HMS Guerriere
    hour-long battle off the coast of Nova Scotia.
  • The Battle of Baltimore

    The Battle of Baltimore
    sea/land battle fought between British invaders and American defenders in the War of 1812. Kills the commander of the British Forces.
  • The Battle of New Orleans

    The Battle of New Orleans
    between the British Army under Major General Sir Edward Pakenham and the United States Army under Brevet Major General Andrew Jackson,
  • The Missouri Compromise

    The Missouri Compromise
    Was to help balance the power in Congress between the slave and free states.
  • The election of Andrew Jackson

    The election of Andrew Jackson
    marked the start of Democratic dominance in federal politics.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Andrew Jackson wanted the land that the Natives were on so he passed the Indian Removal Act to remove them
  • Trail of Tears

    Trail of Tears
    The movement of around 60,000 natives to land they weren't used to.
  • Nat Turner Rebellion

    Nat Turner Rebellion
    Enslaved people turned rebellious and killed people, several being white.
  • The Battle of the Alamo

    The Battle of the Alamo
    a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. Killed most of the people inside.
  • Mexico loses California, New Mexico, and Arizona

    Mexico loses California, New Mexico, and Arizona
    ended the war between the United States and Mexico
    Mexico ceded 55 percent of its territory
  • The Fugitive Slave Act

    The Fugitive Slave Act
    All slaves were to be returned to their owners
  • The Dead Rabbits Riot

    The Dead Rabbits Riot
    2 days: July 4-5
    disturbance in New York
    between Dead Rabbits and the Bowery Boys
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Dred Scott Decision
    A decision that Congress made that said the Constitution was not for American citizenship.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President

    Abraham Lincoln Elected President
    demonstrated the divisions within the United States just before the Civil War
  • South Carolina secedes from the United States

    South Carolina secedes from the United States
    the first state to secede
    precipitated the outbreak of the American Civil War in Charleston Harbor on April 12, 1861.
  • The Battle of Gettysburg

    The Battle of Gettysburg
    Fought between Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.
  • The First Battle of Bull Run

    The First Battle of Bull Run
    aka the Battle of First Manassas. The first major battle of the American Civil War. Fought in Prince William County, Virginia
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    President Abraham Lincoln issued it during the 3rd year of the Civil War. It says that all slaves are free
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Slavery and forcing people to do stuff that wasn't a crime was no longer aloud.
  • The Treaty at Appomattox Court House

    The Treaty at Appomattox Court House
    Robert E. Lee's surrender of his Army of Northern Virginia to Union General Ulysses S. Grant.
  • The Ku Klux Klan is Established

    The Ku Klux Klan is Established
    started in Pulaski, Tennessee
    group of Confederate veterans
    Nathan Bedford: first grand wizard
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    Everyone that was born in the United States is a citizen.
  • John D. Rockefeller Creates Standard Oil

    John D. Rockefeller Creates Standard Oil
    By the early 1800s had control of 90% of U.S. refineries and pipelines.
    One of the richest guys ever in America.
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    Your race or where you are from couldn't stop you from voting.
  • Battle of Little Bighorn

    Battle of Little Bighorn
    Native Americans defeat the U.S troops near southern Montana
  • Alexander Graham Bell Patents the Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell Patents the Telephone
    revolutionized communication
  • Battle of Tippecanoe

    Battle of Tippecanoe
    U.S win against Shawnee Indians broke the threat of Indian confederation
  • The Great Oklahoma Land Race

    The Great Oklahoma Land Race
    50,000 people went to try and get some of the 2 million acres that were available land. The land was owned by Creek and Seminole peoples.
  • Battle of Wounded Knee

    Battle of Wounded Knee
    Around 300 of the Lakota people were killed by the U.S. army
  • Ellis Island Opens to Process Immigrants

    Ellis Island Opens to Process Immigrants
    On the first day, 400 people got through. Ellis Island was in New York. When people were on the ships and they saw the Statue of Liberty, They knew they were in the States
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    landmark
    Congress choice that talked about the quote "separate but equal"
  • The sinking of the USS Maine

    The sinking of the USS Maine
    Sank due to an unknown explosion in Cuba. Killed 266 of 354 people on board.
  • The Wizard of Oz (Book) is Published

    The Wizard of Oz (Book) is Published
    L. Frank Baum is the author
  • Teddy Roosevelt Becomes President of the United States

    Teddy Roosevelt Becomes President of the United States
    age 42
    the youngest person to become president
    was elected when McKinley was killed
  • J.P. Morgan Founds U.S. Steel

    J.P. Morgan Founds U.S. Steel
    bought Andrew Carnegie's Carnegie Steel Company with Elbert H. Gary's Federal Steel Company and William Henry "Judge" Moore's National Steel Company for $15.31 billion.
  • Ford Motor Company is Founded

    Ford Motor Company is Founded
    Henry Ford
    Detroit
  • Ida Tarbell Publishes Her Article About Standard Oil

    Ida Tarbell Publishes Her Article About Standard Oil
    19 part series
    November 1902 and October 1904
    became popular
    detailed exposé of Rockefeller's unethical tactics, sympathetically portraying the plight of Pennsylvania's independent oil workers.
  • Angel Island Opens to Process Immigrants

    Angel Island Opens to Process Immigrants
    Angel Island was on the bay off of Sanfrancisco. Most of the people that went there were Chinese. There was more of a limit then Ellis Island, it wasn't as open.
  • The 17th Amendment is Passed

    The 17th Amendment is Passed
    restates the first paragraph of Article I, section 3 of the Constitution
    gave people the right to vote for their senators
  • The 16th Amendment is Passed

    The 16th Amendment is Passed
    established Congress's right to impose a Federal income tax
  • The Adoption of the Star Spangled Banner as the National Anthem

    The Adoption of the Star Spangled Banner as the National Anthem
    First recognized by the Navy then Woodrow Wilson in 1916 and then made the official national anthem by congress on march 3rd 1931
  • The Empire State Building Opens

    The Empire State Building Opens
    102 story building
    Midtown Manhattan in New York City
    built by Starrett Corportation
  • Battle of the Philippines

    Battle of the Philippines
    aka "the greatest carrier battle of the war"
    accompanied the U.S. landing on Saipan and ended in a complete U.S. victory.