The signing of the treaty of mortefontaine  30th september 1800 by victor jean adam

Events in 1800s Timeline

By lgpayne
  • Nationalism

    Things started to go well for the Americans in the war, so nationalism surfaced. This is feelings of pride abnd loyalty to the nation.
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    Era of Good Feelings

    The Era of Good Feelings was a time of peace for the United States. It brought peace, pride, and progress. Many roads were constructed, The pride brought reinforcement to the national government.
  • Adams-Onis Treaty

    Adams-Onis Treaty
    Conflicts arose between the Americans and the Seminole Indians of Florida, causing the First Seminole War. Andrew Jackson led the Americans and took over many Spanish military bases, causing Spanish negotiators to come out. They created the Adams-Onis Treaty where Spain gave the United States East Florida and the United States gave Spain modern-day Texas.
  • McCulloch vs Maryland

    McCulloch vs Maryland
    Many states, mostly in the south, opposed the Second Bank of the United States. Jackson thought the states should have more power with banking causing Maryland to pass a tax to limit the banks power. James McCulloch opposed this, and took the tax to court. The court then ruled the bank was constitutional.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    The people of Missouri wanted to become a state, but that would break the free state slave state balance, so Missouri was rejected. Henry Clay convinced Congress to pass the Missouri Compromise, where Missouri was a slave state and Maine was admitted as a free state. It also said no state over the 36 degree 30' latitude could be a slave state.
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    Santa Fe Trail

    The Santa Fe Trail was another important one, and it came from Independence, Missouri. The first people to use it were Native Americans. The trip was hot and dangerous, but many people looked passed the danger for the possible profits.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    Monroe Doctrine
    Many Spanish colonies had started to declare independence, and the United States and Great Britain wanted to keep other countries out of the conflict. James Monroe and John Quincy Adams created the Monroe Doctrine, which warned Europeans countries to stay out of Latin America affairs, and it said the United States wasn't going to get involved in Europeans things.
  • Bureau of Indian Affairs

    Bureau of Indian Affairs
    Americans feared Indians wouldn't cooperate, so they created the Bureau of Indian Affairs to manage Indian removal. As predicted, some Indians didn't want to move. The Bureau caused problems with Native Americans.
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    Nullification Crisis

    Northern States greatly oppsoed the South Carolina Exposition and Porotest. This created conflict between supporters and opponents. All the hate for the document caused Calhoun to resign from his vice presidency, even though his name was not on the document.
  • Tariff of Abominations

    Tariff of Abominations
    Northerners wanted tariffs on imports to protect their business, while Southerners said it would hurt their economy. Before Jackson took office Congress passed a high tariff on imports, angering Southerners. Quincy Adams signed it, not fully supporting it, with knowledge that after he most likely wouldn't get reelected.
  • Spoils System

    Spoils System
    After Jackson beat Quincy Adams people lined up outside the Capitol to congratulate him. When he became president he gave jobs to some of the people that supported him heavily, This is the Spoils System.
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    Jacksonian Democracy

    While Andrew Jackson was president, he changed voting. He amde the qualifications for voters different and started nominating conventions where party members choose the party's representative.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    This act was passed to remove all the Indians that lived east of the Mississippi to lands in the west. Americans wanted the land, and they took it. This led to the Indian Territory.
  • The Indian Territory

    The Indian Territory
    After the Indians were removed, Congress decided to be nice and give the Indians some land. They gave them what is now Oklahoma. Supporters said this would protect Indians from further conflict, but that could be an excuse.
  • States Rights Doctrine

    States Rights Doctrine
    The Tariff of Abominations caused Southerners to cry out, including Vice President Calhoun, He wrote the South Carolina Exposition and Protest, which said Congress should not favor one region over the other. It also said the states created the government so the state power should be greater than national power.
  • Whig Party

    Whig Party
    This was a party that opposed Jackson. They wanted a weak president and a strong Congress. They couldn't agree on which candidate, so they nominated multiple people to run against Van Buren. Van Buren still won, because of a strong backing from Jackson.
  • Alamo

    The people of Texas wanted to be free from Mexico. The Alamo was an abandoned mission near San Antonio that was a large site in the Texas Revolution, A rebel group fewer than 200 stalled for 2 weeks. On March 6 the Mexicans attacked and all Alamo defenders were killed.
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    Trail of Tears

    The Cherokee Indians refused to move, and the government ruled the Cherokee could stay. Georgia ignored the rule, and forced the Indians out. They called this jounrey to Indian Territory the Trail of Tears, because almost 1/4 of the 18,000 Cherokee died, in horrible conditions.
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    Oregon Trail

    Land was quickly opening up in the west, and people wanted it. They created the 2,000 mile Oregon Trail, coming from Independence, Missouri or Council Bluffs, Iowa. It was a long, expensive, and dangerous journey. By 1845 about 5,000 settlers settled at Willamette Valley.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    The United States was barely 70 years old, and it needed more space. Americans then said irt was their Manifest Destiny, or obvious fate, to settle the land all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Donner Party

    Donner Party
    As bad weather came , not everyone made it where they needed to go. The Donner Party was heading to California, and got stuck in the Sierra Nevada Mountains in winter. A rescue party came in February 1847, but 42 of 87 people had died from cold and lack of food.
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    California Gold Rush

    One American found gold in California, and that sent millions of people to California to search for gold. Almost 80,000 people. Some people went crazy searching for gold.
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    There were so many people coming for gold, they got a name. The gold-seeking people were named forty-niners.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    The United States the territory Mexico had, including Texas and California. This caused the Mexican-American War. After much fighting the Mexicans couldn't hold on. US and Mexico signed the treaty, and the US got much of Mexicos Northern territory, including California, Nevada, and Utah.
  • Gadsden Purchase.

    Gadsden Purchase.
    Americans wanted to make sure their railroads were completely on American soil. James Gadsden negotiated with Mexico and got the southern parts of New Mexico and Arizona, and gave Mexico $10 million.