Political Campaigning and FundraisingCampaigning and fundraising is of utmost importance during an election, since these two things get the word out about the canidate. The campaigning can get people to vote for them in November.
Ads will go out through mail, on TV, online, by phone,blogs, any means neccesary.
There are debates duringthe campaign season, pre-primary and pre-election. These are to get people to see what each canidate stands for, and which one will do best.
Fundraising is used to fuel the campaigning.
Caucus and PrimariesThe primaries narrow the field of canidates before the election is to take place. There are six types:
Open Primaries- This is open to every citizen. you can vote for any canidate regardless of party affiliation.
Closed Primaries- This is reserved for people of a certain party. They vote for their preferred canidate.
Semi-closed- Voters can vote in their own party. They allow unaffiliated voters to participate as well.
Semi-open-Must say their party affiliation, and recieve ballot for party.
Primaries and Caucus Cont.Blanket- Voters pick one canidate for each office without regard to party lines.
Run-off- When no majority is in place, a second vote is held, and the majority gets the canidacy. After primaries, many canidates drop out due to lack of support.
The caucus is when members of a political party select canidates for policies.
Party ConventionsNational Conventions: Delegates cast their vote for a canidate in the national convention. The most delegate votes gets the presidency. VP is chosen by the Presidential nominie. Democratic Convention: A few thousand delegates chosen from primary voters and caucus and are spread throughout the states in proportion to the votes. Republican Convention: A couple thousand delegates selected by state primaries to the winning canidates.
Election DayCitizens go out and vote for their canidate, but really vote for a delegate that has pledged to vote for said canidate. This is the electoral college. You can vote for any party, regardless of party affiliation.
Vote of the Electoral CollegeThe delegates chosen generally vote for the canidate. that they were assigned to. Each state's electors go to their state capitorl and cast their votes for the president. There are faithless electors, who vote the opposite canidate they pledged to vote for.