Early Explorers

Timeline created by Fernald.G
In History
  • 1000

    Leif Erickson

    Leif Erickson
    Explored the Lands west on greenland.
  • 1488

    Bartolomeu Dias

    Bartolomeu Dias
    Discovered southernmost tip of Africa and named it the Cape of Good Hope. His trips were sponsored by Portugal.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Christopher Columbus

    Christopher Columbus
    Discovered the Caribbean islands. Sponsored by Spain.
  • 1497

    Pedro Alverez Cabral

    Pedro Alverez Cabral
    Was sponsored by Portugal. Found Brazil and claimed it for Portugal.
  • 1497

    John Cabot

    John Cabot
    Looked for a water passage through North America to Asia. Sponsored by France.
  • 1498

    Vasco da Gama

    Vasco da Gama
    Went around Cape of Good Hope to India which proved there was another route to India for Portugal. Sponsored by Portugal.
  • 1513

    Vasco Nunez De Balboa

    Vasco Nunez De Balboa
    Sponsored by Portugal. First European to see and claim the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1513

    Juan Ponce de Leon

    Juan Ponce de Leon
    Made the first Spanish landing on the east coast of present day Florida. Look for the fountain of youth. Sponsored by Spain.
  • 1519

    Hernan Cortes

    Hernan Cortes
    Conquered the Aztec Empire and stole all their gold. They were sponsored by Spain.
  • 1522

    Ferdinand Magellan

    Ferdinand Magellan
    Reached the southernmost tip of South America. Was the first person to circumnavigate the world.
  • 1524

    Giovanni de Varrazano

    Giovanni de Varrazano
    Also looked for the Northern Passage. Explored North American coast from present-day Nova Scotia down to the Carolinas.
  • 1531

    Francisco Pizarro

    Francisco Pizarro
    Led an army to the Inca Empire and arrested the leader, took control of the Inca Empire. Sponsored by Spain.
  • 1533

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca
    He learned of a rumor about the Seven Cities of Gold and told people in Mexico all about it.
  • 1535

    Jacques Cartier

    Jacques Cartier
    Discovered a mountain peak and named it Mont-Royal.
  • 1540

    Francisco Vasquez de Coronado

    Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
    Searched for Seven Cities of Gold found nothing, traveled west of the Colorado River to Kansas.
  • 1541

    Hernando de Soto

    Hernando de Soto
    Looked for the Seven Cities of Gold for three years and also crossed the Mississippi River. Sponsored by Spain.
  • 1542

    Juan Cabrillo

    Juan Cabrillo
    First person to see California. Sponsored by Spain
  • Henry Hudson

    Henry Hudson
    Discovered a river and named it after himself. Sponsored by the Dutch.
  • Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette

    Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette
    Traveled the Mississippi river in a canoe looking for the Northern Passage.
  • Robert Cavelier de La Salle

    Robert Cavelier de La Salle
    Followed the Mississippi river down to Gulf of Mexico and claimed it for France.