Early Explorers

Timeline created by stu.bobosf
  • 1001

    Leif Erikson

    Leif Erikson
    Leif Erikson discovered both Greenland and North America. He also went to Norway and became a christian there,
  • 1419

    Prince Henry the Navigator (Prince of Portugal)

    Prince Henry the Navigator (Prince of Portugal)
    He sponsored a great deal of exploration along the west coast of Africa from 1419 to 1460. Portuguese crews founded the country's first colonies and visited regions previously unknown to Europeans
  • 1488

    Bartolomeu Dias (King John II of Portugal)

    Bartolomeu Dias (King John II of Portugal)
    Bartolomeu Dias discovered the Cape of Good Hope in 1488. This showed that there was a better route to India.
  • 1492

    Columbus (King Ferdinand and Queen Elizabeth of Spain)

    Columbus (King Ferdinand and Queen Elizabeth of Spain)
    Columbus landed in the Bahamas, an island next to North and South America.
  • 1497

    Vasco da gama (King Manuel I of Portuguese)

    Vasco da gama (King Manuel I of Portuguese)
    He was the first European to reach India by sea. He also connected the Atlantic and Indian oceans.
  • 1497

    John Cabot (England)

    John Cabot (England)
    John Cabot took a voyage to North America, where he claimed land in Canada for England.
  • 1499

    Amerigo Vespucci

    Amerigo Vespucci
    Vespucci sailed to the northern part of South America and into the Amazon River. He thought he was in Asia though.
  • 1509

    Francisco Pizzaro

    Francisco Pizzaro
    On November 10, 1509, Pizzaro sailed from Spain to the New World with Alonso de Ojeda on an expedition to Uraba. He sailed to Cartagena and joined the fleet of Martín Fernández de Enciso and, in 1513, accompanied Balboa in his crossing of the Isthmus of Panama to the Pacific.
  • 1513

    Vasco Nunez de Balbo (wanted to win the favor of King Ferdinand)

    Vasco Nunez de Balbo (wanted to win the favor of King Ferdinand)
    Balboa led an expedition to search for a new sea reportedly to the south and for gold. He didn't find the precious metal, he did see the Pacific Ocean and claimed it and all of its shores for Spain.
  • 1513

    Juan Ponce de Leon

    Juan Ponce de Leon
    He led a European expedition for gold, which eventually brought him to the southeast coast of what would become the United States. He gave Florida its name and went on to become the first governor of Puerto Rico.
  • 1518

    Hernan Cortes

    Hernan Cortes
    Hernan Cortes was a Spanish conquistador and explorer who defeated the Aztecs and claimed Mexico for Spain. He first set sail to the New World at the age of 19. Cortes later joined an expedition to Cuba. In 1518, he set off to explore Mexico.
  • 1519

    Ferdinand Magellan

    Ferdinand Magellan
    Magellan wanted to find a western sea route to the rich Spice Islands of Indonesia. Sailed to West Africa and then to Brazil, where he searched the South American coast for a strait that would take him to the Pacific.
  • 1528

    Alavr Nunez Cabeza de Vaca (Panfilo de Narváez)

    Alavr Nunez Cabeza de Vaca (Panfilo de Narváez)
    He was treasurer to the Spanish expedition under Pánfilo de Narváez that reached present-day Tampa Bay, Florida, in 1528.
  • 1534

    Jacques Cartier (France)

    Jacques Cartier (France)
    First European to travel inland in North America and claimed what is now known as Canada for France.
  • 1535

    Francisco Vasquez de Coronado

    Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
    Francisco went to New Spain (Mexico) with Antonio de Mendoza, the Spanish viceroy, in 1535 and earned early distinction in pacifying Indians. He was appointed governor of Nueva Galicia in 1538.
  • 1538

    Hernando de Soto

    Hernando de Soto
    Hernando de Soto embarked on a major expedition in 1538 to conquer Florida for the Spanish crown. He traveled nearly 4,000 miles throughout the region that would become the southeastern United States in search of riches, while also fighting off Native American attacks along the way.
  • 1542

    Jaun Cabrillo

    Jaun Cabrillo
    Cabrillo led the first European expedition that explored what is now the west coast of the United States. Cabrillo departed from the port of Navidad, Mexico. Three months later he arrived at San Diego Bay.
  • Samuel de Champlain

    Samuel de Champlain
    Known as the “Father of New France,” Samuel de Champlain played a major role in establishing New France. He is also credited with founding Quebec City in 1608. He explored the Atlantic coastline, the Canadian interior, and the Great Lakes region.
  • Henry Hudson 1 (Dutch)

    Henry Hudson 1 (Dutch)
    Henry Hudson made his first voyage west from England, when he was hired to find a shorter route to Asia from Europe through the Arctic Ocean.
  • Henry Hudson 2 (Dutch)

    Henry Hudson 2 (Dutch)
    Hudson sailed again to find the Northeast Passage, a route to East Asia over the top of Russia. Hudson and his crew of 14 were unable to progress beyond Novaya Zemlya, an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean.
  • Rene-Robert De La Salle

    Rene-Robert De La Salle
    He was a French explorer. He was sent by King Louis XIV (14) to travel south from Canada and sail down the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico. He was the first European to travel the length of the Mississippi River.