Early Australian History

By clupt3
  • Period: to

    Australian History from the 1600s

  • Abel Tasman - first Voyage

    On the 14th August 1642, Tasman in command of the ships Heemskerk and Zeehaen left Bataviawith orders from Antonie Van Diemen. Strong winds pushed the experienced Dutch sea captian easterly and land was sighted on the 17th November. His sailors saw campfires, noticed notches cut one and a half metres apart in trees and heard voices.freshwater and sea parsley were taken aboard. Tasman named this island Van Diemens Land after the governor.
  • Abel Tasman - second Voyage

    With orders of finding out whether Papua New Guinea was joined to Australia, Tasman left Batavia and sailed easterly. He arrived at Cape York and from here, sailed along the northern coast of Australia and the coastline to shark bay. Tasman informed his governor that western Australia and Australia were part of one continent and that a inland sea did not exist. For the next 200 years, his maps were used
  • William Dampier

    The first english man to visit Australia was trader and pirate called william dampier His fast ship Cygnet had to be carreened so that his crew would not be captured and killed. The great south land was decided to be safe and here he talked the native and observed the unusual plant and animal life. On his return to england he stated that Australia was not fit for an Englishman
  • Captian James Cook Part B

    Cooks ship renamed his ship the Endeavor and refitted to his specification. In the science party it included Botanist Joseph Banks, astronomer Charles Green, naturalist Dr Daniel Carl Solander plus 4 artist. In August 1768 that was the science party and Cook and was also carrying 94 people that from England in the Endeavour. On June 3 1769 the science party were able to measure the the Earth's distance fom the sun.
  • captian james cook Part A

    In 1768 a navigator from england named James Cook he was asked to lead a scientific party over the pacific Ocean to study the transit across the sun. Cook chose a coal transport ship for his voyage across the Pacific Ocean. The wood on the bottom the vessel was only nine metres wide and 32 metres long but cook knew that the coal transport vessel will be great for exploring over the Pacific Ocean because of the abilityof manuevre in shallow waters.
  • Captian James Cook Part C

    The just recent discovered island called Tahiti was chosen to see a rare phenomon that Cook was given secret orders to find Terra Australis to claim for England. Cook turned west and came to New Zealand for six months just charting the coastline. Cook left New Zealand im March 1770. In the morning on April 19 the Endeavour officer that was on watch called Zachary Hicks had sighted land. Cook named this land Point Hicks.
  • Captian James Cook Part D

    On 29th April Cooks ship the Endeavour anchored in a sheltered harbour and then the party was going ashore to explore. Cook was going to call this harbour Sting rays Harbour but Joseph was amazed of all the big varieties of trees and plants. So they called this harbour Botan Bay. Joseph and Solander collevcted samples of new species they have never seen before as they were the first englishmen ever to see some of these forgiern plants. The artist of the ship drew pictures of the plants a
  • Captian James Cook Part E

    The artist of the ship drew pictures of the plants that the botanist had found on land. The englishmen had no contact with the Aboriginies but when the englishmen made landfall the aboriginies ran away in fear then came back after that hurdling spears to chase the strange men away. Cook fired a musket in the air Cook was impressed by the climate and the green fertile land. Banks theory was that the soil of Australia could hold very high population of people. Banks also wrote that there i
  • Captian James Cook Part F

    Banks also wrote that there was plenty of timber ideal for building or for fuel. On June 11 the Endeavour ran across coral but Cooks crew managed to refloat it and goe it to shore for repairs.
  • The First Fleet

    Captian Arthur Phillip was asked to organise 11 ships and had to estabilish a penal Colony in Botany Bay it took 9 months to load the ships. Phillip was the commander of 11 ships such as: 2 naval ships, 3 storeships and 6 transport ships. Phillip had to make sure all 11 ships were all up to phillips stanard. Convicts were already getting loaded onto the ship four mounths before they even departed. The First fleet left Portsmouth carrying about 1350
  • The First Fleet

    On 13th May 1787 the First Fleet left and were on the way to Botany Bay. On the 3rd June they touched land by canary Islands and loaded supplies.They also stopped by Rio De Janeiro to get produce for Botany Bay on the 5th August. The First Fleet also stopped by Table Bay Cape of Good Hope to pick up some animals the vessels looked liked noahs Ark. Phillip wanted to sailon to Botany Bay before all the ships touched land this all happened on 12th November. On January 18th 1788 at Botany Bay.
  • Lawson, Blaxland, Wentworth Part A

    Sydney needed more land so they could grow more plants for the growing colony. The Blue Mountains blocked the way from West Sydney or expantion west. Many attempts w.ere made to get past the Blue Mountains but it always ended in failure because of the sheer cliffs and deep gorges. Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth were all successful graziers. In summer 1812-13 it was very hot and dry. The mens herd decreased in amount. They decided to try and keep up high above the mountains and follow the ridges.
  • Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth Part B

    Four convicts began their journey on 11 May from were what the call today Penrith. On 28 May they got to the top of Mount York and Lawson, Blaxland, and Wentworth saw land with Green grass By 1815 a 60 km road had been built to site today called Bathurst.
  • Ludwig Leichhardt Part A

    Leichhardt arrived from Germany in 1841. Leichhardts reputation was been a been naturalist and botantis for the first two years been in Australia. Leichhardt made a party of ten men for the exploration. Leichhardt was asked to explore central north QLD then go west to Port essington in the Northern Territory.
  • Ludwig Leichhardt Part B

    Leichhardts enthusiasum for plants and animals put the party behind schedule. Leichardt and his party were forced to eat natural wildlife. On the way through the expedition the partyy discovered rivers and landsmarks such as Roper River named after John Roper and Gilbert River named after John Gilbert. On 17 Dec 1845 the party reached Port Essington which was planned for 6 months but took 14 months.