Defining Moments in Canadian History

  • Britain declared war on Germany, Canada was forced to help

    Britain declared war on Germany, Canada was forced to help
    When Britain declared war on Germany, Canada was forced to join the war because they had no choice. They were still apart of Britain and had not yet gained independence.
  • Period: to


    From the 1914 to present.
  • Battle of Vimmy Ridge

    Battle of Vimmy Ridge
    British and France failed to hold up the bridge. However, when Canadians took the job they were successful in protecting the bridge. Also, this was a turning point in Canadian history.
  • Military Service Act

    Military Service Act
    The Military Service Act is another name for conscription. This means forcing soldiers to go to war.
  • Income tax Act

    Income tax Act
    This act has become official when it has received the royal assent. The income tax started in Canada during 1917 due to World War 1.
  • WW1 Ended

    WW1 Ended
    On this day the World War 1 has finally ended, Canada had made an important contribution to the war. Also, Canada became a founding member of the League of Nations.
  • Winnipeg General Strike

    Winnipeg General Strike
    This event was one of the biggest labour actions in Canadian history where 30 were injured during the protest. It happened because employers would not recognize the union and the workers called for a strike.
  • The Group of Seven

    The Group of Seven
    At this time many people considered the Canadian landscape ugly and unworthy of being painted. The Group of Seven were landscape painters in Canada and proved those people who called their landscape ugly wrong.
  • The Persons Case

    The Persons Case
    This is a group of five people in Alberta who fought for women's rights to sit in the Senate along with Mackenzie King. Back then women were not defined as "persons", so the rule was no women have any rights or privileges.
  • Black Tuesday

    Black Tuesday
    On this day the stock market crashed, prices started to decrease and many people had lost millions of dollars. In addition to this, it has led to the great depression.
  • The Statute of Westminster

    The Statute of Westminster
    The Statute of Westminster allowed Canada to be self- governing. This was important because it allowed Canada to enact its own laws without the permission of Great Britain.
  • Canada declared war on Germany

    Canada declared war on Germany
    The parliament of Canada declared war for the first time as an independent country. Also, this was the beginning of Canada's participation in the largest combined national effort in history and the beginning of another World War for Canada.
  • The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan

    The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
    This program was created to train pilots in Canada because it has a big space and it is a safer country than Britain at that time. The UN, Australia, and New Zealand trained their pilots in 231 sites.
  • Japanese Canadians Interned

    Japanese Canadians Interned
    After the attack on Pearl Harbour, any Japanese-Canadians who lived near the coast lines of British Columbia were sent into internment camps. While they were in these camps everything was taken away from them such as land and personal belongings.
  • D-Day

    On this day the American, British and Canadian soldiers invade the Northern Shore of France known as Normandy. Canadian troops were members of the Juno beach invasion.
  • Liberation of Netherland

    Liberation of Netherland
    The Canadian troops pushed the German army further and further back. Finally, the Germans in Netherland surrendered. In addition to this, it marked the beginning of the end of World War 2.
  • Baby Boom

    Baby Boom
    As young veterans returning back to Canada after the war and getting well paid. A lot of young couples got married and brought a huge number of babies to the world which caused the baby boom.
  • The National Flag of Canada

    The National Flag of Canada
    Canadian Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson at the time decided to use the maple leaf flag instead of the old flag that Britain gave to Canada. This became very important for Canadian identity because Canada has now gotten its own flag and became more independent.
  • October Crisis

    October Crisis
    The FLQ (Front de libération du Québec), a terroristic organization, attempted to separate Quebec from Canada by kidnapping two government officials. This is because they wanted independence.
  • Terry Fox Begins Marathon Of Hope

    Terry Fox Begins Marathon Of Hope
    Terry Fox was an athlete that was well known in Canada. One day, cancer took his right knee and he decided to run a marathon across Canada to help fund money for cancer research.
  • Constitutional Act

    Constitutional Act
    This act includes the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, rights of the aboriginal people of Canada, procedures for amending the constitution of Canada, changes to the Constitutional Act in 1867, and many more.
  • North American Free Trade Agreement

    North American Free Trade Agreement
    NAFTA covers Canada, the U.S. and Mexico making it the world’s largest free trade area. It began 15 years ago to reduce trading costs, increase business investment, and help North America be more competitive in the global marketplace.
  • Walkerton Tragedy

    Walkerton Tragedy
    For days, the Walkerton Public Utilities Commission insisted the water supply was good to drink even though the water was tested contaminated. The water supply in Walkerton became highly contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 bacteria and about 2,500 got ill some people even died.
  • Blackout of Northeast

    Blackout of Northeast
    A blackout has occurred throughout parts of the North-eastern/Midwestern United States and Ontario, Canada on Thursday, August 14, 2003, at approximately 4:11 p.m. This blackout is one of the most widespread in history.
  • Same-Sex Marriage

    Same-Sex Marriage
    On this day, Canada has legalized gay marriage. It is important to Canada because part of the Canadian identity is how tolerant and welcoming we are to other people.
  • Swine Flu

    Swine Flu
    Influenza A virus, also known as H1N1 was the most common cause of human influenza (flu) in 2009. This virus has killed millions of lives and also affected many.