Canada 1945-2000

  • Cold War Begins

    Cold War Begins
    For Canada the Cold War was very important at certain times. Canada’s geographical position and economic situation meant that neutrality was not going to be an option in the war between Russia and the US.
  • Newfoundland joins Confederation

    Newfoundland joins Confederation
    Newfoundlanders became Canadians with calm, acceptance and no overabundance of expectations. With the addition of Newfoundland and massive Labrador, Canada now covered more territory than all of Europe. Canada was at last a nation from sea to sea.
  • Canada joins NATO

    Canada joins NATO
    NATO is designed to promote the stability of the North Atlantic area and to safeguard the freedom of its peoples, based on the principles of democracy, individual liberty and the rule of law.
  • Korean War Begins

    Korean War Begins
    Armed forces from communist North Korea smash into South Korea, setting off the Korean War
  • Immigration Act of 1952

    Immigration Act of 1952
    Canadian citizenship could be given to people who were born outside of Canada, who were living full-time in Canada.
    It discriminated many people, such as homosexuals, the mentally handicapped, people suffering from epilepsy and other ethnic groups which were chosen by the government.
  • Korean War Ends

    Korean War Ends
    Canadian forces were involved and after three years it was finally over. 516 Canadians died in the conflict, 312 of the deaths were from combat.
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    AVRO Arrow

    The Avro Arrow (CF-105) was a advanced supersonic twin engine jet aircraft. Made by A.V. Roe from Canada in 1949. Due to controversy the government shut down the project. It was said to be the most advanced and most powerful aircraft of its time.
  • Vietnam War Begins

    Vietnam War Begins
    Canada officially played the role of neutral peacemaker, but secretly backed the American effort in Vietnam. In Canada unemployment fell to record low levels of 3.9 per cent, the gross domestic product rose by 6 per cent yearly.
  • Warsaw Pact

    Warsaw Pact
    is a military organization headed by the Soviet Union, consisting of eastern European Communist states. The pact was established in 1955 as a response to a perceived threat from the NATO alliance to which Canada belonged.
  • Suez Crisis

    Suez Crisis
    Canada become peacemakers. Pearson headed Canada’s delegation to the UN. He spent the summer and fall of 1956 working toward a diplomatic solution to the Suez Crisis. When that failed, and the bombing began, Pearson changed tactics. Working with colleagues at the UN, he developed the idea for the UN’s first, large-scale peacekeeping force.
  • Canada joins NORAD

    Canada joins NORAD
    was a pact between Canada and the US to aid or help each other in times or threats of war.
  • Period: to

    John Diefenbaker is Prime Minister

    He strongly believed in a united country and in protecting those less fortunate. In 1960, Deifenbaker brought in the Canadian Bill of Rights, which put into law all of the basic freedoms including freedom of speech, worship and assembly.
  • Quiet Revolution

    Quiet Revolution
    Rapid evolution in Quebec. This mainly affected social political and cultural change in Quebec.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    Soviet missiles were stationed in Cuba which acted as a threat towards the United States and Canada which almost led the world to a nuclear war.
  • National Medicare Act

    National Medicare Act
    Allan J. MacEachen appointed. He was one of the new breed of Liberal who believed that the state had a role to play in ensuring social security and equality.
  • Period: to

    Pierre is Prime Minister

    Trudeau was arguably Canada’s best-known politician, both at home and abroad. He single handily negotiated the Constitutional Independence from the British Parliament and established a Canadian Constitution along with an enhanced Charter of Rights. Trudeau also brought in the Official Languages Act in 1969.
  • White Paper

    White Paper
    In 1969, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and his Minister of Indian Affairs, Jean Chrétien, unveiled a policy paper that proposed ending the special legal relationship between Aboriginal peoples and the Canadian state and dismantling the Indian Act.
  • October 1970 Crisis

    October 1970 Crisis
    was a crisis that involved the kidnapping and murder of Pierre Laporte, a provincial cabinet minister, and the kidnapping and subsequent release of James Cross, a British diplomat.
  • Vietnam War Ends

    Vietnam War Ends
    The war in Vietnam was over and peacemakers from Canada could return.
  • Period: to

    Lester Pearson is Prime Minister

    Pearson sought to improve French-English relations. He and his government introduced the Canada Pension Plan and Medicare for all Canadians. Also changed the flag to the maple flag as we know it today.
  • USSR Invades Afghanistan

    USSR Invades Afghanistan
    Canada would played a role in the ensuing international efforts to battle terrorism and help bring democracy to Afghanistan.
    Between 850,000–1.5 million civilians were killed
  • Constitution Act

    Constitution Act
    enshrined the Charter of Rights and Freedoms in the Constitution, and completed the unfinished business of Canadian independence — allowing Canadians to amend their own Constitution without requiring approval from Britain.
  • Jeanne Sauve

    Jeanne Sauve
    23rd governor general of Canada under Trudeau, also a the first female Governor General.
  • Period: to

    Brian Mulroney is Prime Minister

    He has been recognized for his environmental record, including the Acid Rain Accord with the US and passage of the Environmental Protection Act.
  • Canadian Multicultural Act

    Canadian Multicultural Act
    is a law, passed in 1988, that aims to preserve and enhance multiculturalism in Canada. It affirms the policy of the government to ensure that every Canadian receives equal treatment by the government which respects and celebrates diversity.
  • Meech Lake Accord

    Meech Lake Accord
    was a package of proposed amendments to the Constitution of Canada negotiated in 1987 by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the 10 provincials.
  • Cold War Ends

    Cold War Ends
    Russian troops leave Eastern Europe, ending the war.
  • Oka Standoff

    Oka Standoff
    was a 78-day standoff where the expansion of a Golf Course and the building of condominiums were about to be built on a Mohawk burial ground.
  • Gulf War

    Gulf War
    In response to the UAE and Kuwait's "economic warfare", Saddam Hussein, leader of Iraq invaded Kuwait with a force of 100 000. The UN was quick to impose a trading embargo, which did nothing to stops Iraq's declaration of Kuwait as a province. It wasn't until after 2.5 months of US military involvement that Iraq eventually agreed to a cease-fire.
  • Charlottetown Accord

    Charlottetown Accord
    was a failed, joint attempt by the government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and all 10 provincial premiers to amend the Canadian Constitution, specifically to obtain Quebec's consent to the Constitution Act of 1982.
  • NAFTA Agreement

    NAFTA Agreement
    was the agreement of free trade between America, Canada and Mexico. The agreement eliminated all distribution acts and investment barriers. This increased the dependence on America.
  • Rwanda

    Canada and other UN countries moved to try to end the bloodshed and restore order.
  • Kept Peace in Bosnia

    Kept Peace in Bosnia
    Peacekeeping mission in Bosnia. Known as worst battle including Canadians since Korean War.
  • Kyoto Accord

    Kyoto Accord
    was the agreement to emit less greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Many had agreed to the act but many dropped out of it , including Canada. Canada has now doubled the limit which was set many years ago.
  • Nisga Treaty

    Nisga Treaty
    Final Agreement is British Columbia's first modern treaty. A landmark in the relationship between Canada and its Aboriginal peoples.
  • Nunavut Territory

    Nunavut Territory
    Nunavut is the newest addition to Canada. It is the most northern and large piece of land there is to Canada. It was officially separated from Northwest Territories in 1999.