Cultures Clash on the Prairie

  • Original Reservation Set

    Original Reservation Set
    The federal overnment had passed an act the designated the entire Great Plains as one enourmous reservation, or land set aside for Native American tribes.
  • Government changes policy

    Government changes policy
    The government changed it's policy and created treaties that set specific boundaries for each tribe.
  • Sand Creek Massacre

    Sand Creek Massacre
    most of the Cheyenne, assuming they were under U.S. government protection, peacefully returned to Sand Creek Reserve to spend the winter. John Chivington was told that teh Indians should suffer more, so he attacked them killing over 150 inhabitants, mostly women and children.
  • Fetterman Massacre

    Fetterman Massacre
    Crazy horse ambused captain William J. Fetterman and his company at the Lodge Trail bridge. Over 80 soldiers were killed. Natives Americans call this the battle of the Hundred Slain
  • Treaty of Fort Laramie

    Treaty of Fort Laramie
    A treaty that the Sioux agreed to live along the Missouri River. This Treaty was forced upon the Sioux leaders. Sitting Bull never signed the treaty. Although the Ogala and Brule did sign it, they expected to still have use of their old hunting grounds.
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    Red River War

    Kiowa and Commanche raids for six years led to this war. U.S. Army herded peaceful people onto reservations and opened fire on the rest. Orders were given by Philip Sheridan to destrow all villages and ponies, kill and hang all warriors, and bring back all womeon and children. With these tactics, the resistance on the plains was crushed. In 1874, gold was found in teh Black Hills, and the gold rush began.
  • Custer's Last Stand

    After a sun dance was held, Sitting Bull had a visin of soldiers falling from the horses and some Natives falling. When Colonel Custer and his troops reached the Little Bighorn River, the Native Americans outflanked and crushed Custers troops. Within an hour, Custer and all of his men in the Seventh Calvary were dead. By late 1876, sitting Bull and his people had been beaten. They took refuge in Canada, and to save his people from starvation, was forced to surender,
  • The Dawes Act

    The Dawes Act
    Act aimed to "Americanize" the Native Americans. It broke up reservations and gave each head of household 160 acres of land and each unmarried adult 80 acres. Remaining land was sold to settlers, and income was used for Native Americans to buy farm equipment. By 1932, whites had taken more than 2/3 of original reservation, and no money was given back to the Natives.
  • Wounded Knee

    Wounded Knee
    350 starving and freezing Native Americans were rounded up at the camp at wounded knee. They were ordered to hand over all wepons. A shot was fired, from which side they don't know, and the soldiers opened fire with a cannon. within minutes, as many as 300 Native Americans were killed, their corpses left to freeze on the ground. This brought the Indian Wars to an end