Computer History Timeline- Kevin Szanto

By KSzanto
  • Period: Jan 1, 700 to

    Computer History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 724

    Liang Ling- Can

    Liang Ling- Can
    Liang Ling-Can: Liang Ling-Can invents the first fully mechanical clock
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo da Vinci
    Leonardo da Vinci: Drawings by Leonardo da Vinci depict inventions such as flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots
  • John Napier

    John Napier
    John Napier: John Napier invents a system of moveable rods (Napier's Rods) based on logarithms which was able to multiply, divide and calculate square and cube roots
  • William Oughtred

    William Oughtred
    William Oughtred: William Oughtred develops slide rules
  • Clock

    Clock
    Calculating Clock: Invented by Wilhelm Schickard
  • Blaise Pascal

    Blaise Pascal
    Blaise Pascal: Blaise Pascal invents the the "Pascaline", a mechanical adding machine
  • Calculus

    Calculus
    Gottfried Leibniz: Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus
  • Joseph-Marie Jacquard

    Joseph-Marie Jacquard
    Joseph-Marie Jacquard: Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents an automatic loom controlled by punched cards
  • Arithometer

    Arithometer
    Arithmometer: The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced calculator invented by Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar
  • Mechanical computer

    Mechanical computer
    Charles Babbage: Charles Babbage designs his first mechanical computer
  • Analytical Engine

    Analytical Engine
    Analytical Engine: The Analytical Engine was invented by Charles Babbage
  • Morse Code

    Morse Code
    Morse code: Samuel Morse invents Morse code
  • Boolean Algebra

    Boolean Algebra
    Boolean algebra: Boolean algebra is invented by George Boole
  • Tabulating Machine

    Tabulating Machine
    Tabulating Machine: Per Georg Scheutz and his son Edvard invent the Tabulating Machine
  • William Stanley Jevons

    William Stanley Jevons
    William Stanley Jevons: William Stanley Jevons designs a practical logic machine
  • Ramon Verea

    Ramon Verea
    Ramon Verea: Ramon Verea invents a fast calculator with an internal multiplication table
  • Telephone

    Telephone
    Alexander Graham Bell: Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone called the Photophone
  • Comptometer

    Comptometer
    Comptometer: The Comptometer is an invention of Dorr E. Felt which is operated by pressing keys
  • Herman Hollerith

    Herman Hollerith
    Herman Hollerith: Herman Hollerith invents a counting machine which increment mechanical counters
  • Radio

    Radio
    Guglielmo Marconi: Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi
  • tabulatin machine company

    Tabulating Machine Company: Herman Hollerith forms the Tabulating Machine Company which later becomes IBM
  • Remote Control

    Nikola Tesla: Remote control was invented by Nikola Tesla
  • Lee De Forest

    Lee De Forest: Lee De Forest invents the electronic tube
  • IBM

    IBM: IBM is formed on June 15, 1911
  • Philo Farnsworth

    Philo Farnsworth: Television Electronic was invented by Philo Farnsworth
  • John Logie Baird

    John Logie Baird: Electro Mechanical television system was invented by John Logie Baird
  • Walther Bothe

    Walther Bothe: Walther Bothe develops the logic gate
  • Vannevar Bush

    Vannevar Bush: Vannevar Bush develops a partly electronic Difference Engine
  • Kurt Godel

    Kurt Godel: Kurt Godel publishes a paper on the use of a universal formal language
  • Alan Turing

    Alan Turing: Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine
  • Konard Zuse

    Konrad Zuse: Konrad Zuse creates the Z1 Computer a binary digital computer using punch tape
  • George Stibitz

    George Stibitz: George Stibitz develops the Complex Number Calculator - a foundation for digital computers
  • Hewlett Packard

    Hewlett Packard: William Hewlett and David Packard start Hewlett Packard
  • ABC

    John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry: John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry develop the ABC (Atanasoft-Berry Computer) prototype
  • Enigma

    Enigma: Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine
  • Colossus

    Colossus: Alan Turing develops the the code-breaking machine Colossus
  • Aiken & Hopper

    Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper: Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper designed the MARK series of computers at Harvard University
  • ENIAC

    ENIAC: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly develop the ENIAC ( Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)
  • Computer Bug

    Computer Bug: The term computer ‘bug’ as computer bug was first used by Grace Hopper
  • F.C. Wlliams

    F.C. Williams: F.C. Williams develops his cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to random-access memory (RAM)
  • Pilot ACE

    Pilot ACE: Donald Watts Davies joins Alan Turing to build the fastest digital computer in England at the time, the Pilot ACE
  • William Shockley

    William Shockley: William Shockley invents the transistor at Bell Labs
  • douglas engelbart

    Douglas Engelbart: Douglas Engelbart theorises on interactive computing with keyboard and screen display instead of on punchcards
  • Andrew Donald Booth

    Andrew Donald Booth: Andrew Donald Booth invents magnetic drum memory
  • Fredrick Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn

    Frederic Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn: Frederic Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn develop the SSEM "Small Scale Experimental Machine" digital CRT storage which was soon nicknamed the "Baby"
  • Claude Shannon

    Claude Shannon: Claude Shannon builds the first machine that plays chess
  • Howard Aiken

    Howard Aiken: Howard Aiken develops the Harvard-MARK III
  • Hideo Yamachito

    Hideo Yamachito: The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito
  • Alan Turing

    Alan Turing: Alan Turing publishes his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence which helps create the Turing Test.
  • LEO

    LEO: T. Raymond Thompson and John Simmons develop the first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) at Lyons Co.
  • UNIVAC

    UNIVAC: UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was introduced - the first commercial computer made in the United States and designed principally by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
  • EDVAC

    EDVAC: The EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) begins performing basic tasks. Unlike the ENIAC, it was binary rather than decimal
  • IBM 701

    The IBM 701 becomes available and a total of 19 are sold to the scientific community
  • John Backus

    John Backus & IBM: John Backus & IBM develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
  • Bell Labs

    Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer
  • Optical Fiber

    Optical fiber was invented by Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss
  • Sputnik I & II

    Sputnik I and Sputnik II: Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians
  • ARPA

    ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) and NASA is formed
  • Silicon Chip

    Silicon chip: The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
  • Paul Baran

    Paul Baran: Paul Baran theorises on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack", digital technology and symbiosis between humans and machines
  • COBOL

    COBOL: The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.
  • Unimate

    Unimate: General Motors puts the first industrial robot, Unimate, to work in a New Jersey factory.
  • First computer game

    The first computer game: The first computer game Spacewar Computer Game invented BY Steve Russell & MIT
  • Computer Mouse

    The Computer Mouse: Douglas Engelbart invents and patents the first computer mouse (nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end)
  • ASCII

    The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange among computers
  • Word processor

    Word processor: IBM introduces the first word processor
  • BASIC

    BASIC: John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language (BASIC)
  • Hypertext

    Hypertext: Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson coin the term "hypertext"
  • Floppy Disk

    Floppy Disk: IBM creates the first floppy disk
  • Seymour Cray

    Seymour Cray: Seymour Cray develops the CDC 7600, the first supercomputer
  • Gary Starkweather

    Gary Starkweather: Gary Starkweather invents the laser printer whilst working with Xerox
  • ARPANET

    ARPANET: The U.S. Department of Defense sets up the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET ) this network was the first building blocks to what the internet is today but originally with the intention of creating a computer network that could withstand any type of disaster.
  • RAM

    RAM: Intel introduces the world's first available dynamic RAM ( random-access memory) chip and the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.
  • E-mail

    E-mail: E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson
  • LCD

    Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ): Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ) was invented by James Fergason
  • Pocket calculator

    Pocket calculator: Pocket calculator was invented by Sharp Corporation
  • Floppy Disk

    Floppy Disk: Floppy Disk was invented by David Noble with IBM - Nicknamed the "Floppy" for its flexibility.
  • First Video Game

    First Video Game: Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game
  • CD

    The CD: The compact disc is invented in the United States
  • LAN

    Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs: Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol
  • Personal computer

    Personal computer: The minicomputer Xerox Alto (1973) was a landmark step in the development of personal computers
  • Gateways

    Gateways: Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop gateway routing computers to negotiate between the various national networks
  • SQL

    SQL: IBM develops SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) now known as SQL
  • WYSIWYG

    WYSIWYG: Charles Simonyi coins the term WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) to describe the ability of being able to display a file or document exactly how it is going to be printed or viewed
  • Portable Computers

    Portable computers: Altair produces the first portable computer
  • Microsoft Corporation

    Microsoft Corporation: The Microsoft Corporation was founded April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800
  • Apple

    Apple: Apple Computers was founded Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs
  • Apple II

    Apple Computer’s Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics, is demonstrated
  • MODEM

    MODEM: Ward Christensen writes the programme "MODEM" allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a phone line
  • Magnetic Tape

    Magnetic tape: The first magnetic tape is developed in the US
  • Over 1/2 million computers in US

    Over half a million computers are in use in the United States
  • Paul Allen & Bill Gates

    Paul Allen and Bill Gates: IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. They buy the rights to a simple operating system manufactured by Seattle Computer Products and use it as a template to develop DOS.
  • Microsoft

    Microsoft: MS-DOS Computer Operating System increases its success
  • WordPerfect

    WordPerfect: WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program
  • Commodore 64

    Commodore 64: The Commodore 64 becomes the best-selling computer of all time.
  • SMTP

    SMTP: SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is introduced
  • 10 million + computers in the US

    More than 10 million computers are in use in the United States
  • DNS

    Domain Name System (DNS): Domain Name System (DNS) pioneered by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge. Seven 'top-level' domain names are initially introduced: edu, com, gov, mil, net, org and int.
  • Windows

    Windows: Microsoft Windows introduced eliminating the need for a user to have to type each command, like MS-DOS, by using a mouse to navigate through drop-down menus, tabs and icons
  • Apple Macintosh

    Apple Macintosh: Apple introduces the Macintosh with mouse and window interface
  • Cyberspace

    Cyberspace: William Gibson coins the word cyberspace when he publishes Neuromancer
  • Paul Brainard

    Paul Brainard introduces Pagemaker for the Macintosh creating the desktop publishing field.
  • nintendo

    The Nintendo Entertainment System makes its debut
  • 30 million + computers in US

    More than 30 million computers are in use in the United States.
  • Microsoft Works

    Microsoft introduces Microsoft Works
  • Perl

    Larry Wall introduces Perl 1.0
  • +45 million Pcs in US

    Over 45 million PCs are in use in the United States
  • The Internet, World Wide Web & Tim Berners-Lee

    Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau propose a 'hypertext' system starting the modern Internet
  • Micro. & IBM stop working together

    Microsoft and IBM stop working together to develop operating systems
  • WWW is launched

    The World Wide Web: The World Wide Web is launched to the public on August 6, 1991
  • 50 W.W.W servers

    At the beginning of the year only 50 World Wide Web servers are known to exist
  • W.W.W Consortium

    The World Wide Web Consortium is founded by Tim Berners-Lee to help with the development of common protocols for the evolution of the World Wide Web
  • YAHOO

    YAHOO: YAHOO is created in April, 1994.
  • Java

    Java: Java is introduced
  • Amazon

    Amazon: Amazon.com is founded by Jeff Bezos
  • EBay

    EBay: EBay is founded by Pierre Omidyar
  • Hotmail

    Hotmail: Hotmail is started by Jack Smith and Sabeer Bhatia
  • WebTV

    WebTV: WebTV is introduced
  • Altavista

    Altavista introduces its free online translator Babel Fish
  • Microsoft acquires Hotmail

    Microsoft acquires Hotmail
  • Google

    Google: Google is founded by Sergey Brin and Larry Page on September 7, 1998
  • PayPal

    PayPal is founded by Peter Thiel and Max Levchin
  • Xbox

    Xbox: Bill Gates introduces the Xbox on January 7th 2001
  • 1 billion PCs sold

    Approximately 1 billion PCs been sold
  • PayPal is acquired by ebay

    PayPal is acquired by eBay
  • eBay acquires Skype

    September 12: eBay acquires Skype
  • Skype had +100 million users

    Skype announces that it has over 100 million registered users.