Computer History Timeline- Kevin Szanto

By KSzanto
  • Period: Jan 1, 700 to

    Computer History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 724

    Liang Ling- Can

    Liang Ling- Can
    Liang Ling-Can: Liang Ling-Can invents the first fully mechanical clock
  • Jan 1, 1492

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo da Vinci
    Leonardo da Vinci: Drawings by Leonardo da Vinci depict inventions such as flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots
  • John Napier

    John Napier
    John Napier: John Napier invents a system of moveable rods (Napier's Rods) based on logarithms which was able to multiply, divide and calculate square and cube roots
  • William Oughtred

    William Oughtred
    William Oughtred: William Oughtred develops slide rules
  • Clock

    Calculating Clock: Invented by Wilhelm Schickard
  • Blaise Pascal

    Blaise Pascal
    Blaise Pascal: Blaise Pascal invents the the "Pascaline", a mechanical adding machine
  • Calculus

    Gottfried Leibniz: Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus
  • Joseph-Marie Jacquard

    Joseph-Marie Jacquard
    Joseph-Marie Jacquard: Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents an automatic loom controlled by punched cards
  • Arithometer

    Arithmometer: The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced calculator invented by Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar
  • Mechanical computer

    Mechanical computer
    Charles Babbage: Charles Babbage designs his first mechanical computer
  • Analytical Engine

    Analytical Engine
    Analytical Engine: The Analytical Engine was invented by Charles Babbage
  • Morse Code

    Morse Code
    Morse code: Samuel Morse invents Morse code
  • Boolean Algebra

    Boolean Algebra
    Boolean algebra: Boolean algebra is invented by George Boole
  • Tabulating Machine

    Tabulating Machine
    Tabulating Machine: Per Georg Scheutz and his son Edvard invent the Tabulating Machine
  • William Stanley Jevons

    William Stanley Jevons
    William Stanley Jevons: William Stanley Jevons designs a practical logic machine
  • Ramon Verea

    Ramon Verea
    Ramon Verea: Ramon Verea invents a fast calculator with an internal multiplication table
  • Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell: Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone called the Photophone
  • Comptometer

    Comptometer: The Comptometer is an invention of Dorr E. Felt which is operated by pressing keys
  • Herman Hollerith

    Herman Hollerith
    Herman Hollerith: Herman Hollerith invents a counting machine which increment mechanical counters
  • Radio

    Guglielmo Marconi: Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi
  • tabulatin machine company

    Tabulating Machine Company: Herman Hollerith forms the Tabulating Machine Company which later becomes IBM
  • Remote Control

    Nikola Tesla: Remote control was invented by Nikola Tesla
  • Lee De Forest

    Lee De Forest: Lee De Forest invents the electronic tube
  • IBM

    IBM: IBM is formed on June 15, 1911
  • Philo Farnsworth

    Philo Farnsworth: Television Electronic was invented by Philo Farnsworth
  • John Logie Baird

    John Logie Baird: Electro Mechanical television system was invented by John Logie Baird
  • Walther Bothe

    Walther Bothe: Walther Bothe develops the logic gate
  • Vannevar Bush

    Vannevar Bush: Vannevar Bush develops a partly electronic Difference Engine
  • Kurt Godel

    Kurt Godel: Kurt Godel publishes a paper on the use of a universal formal language
  • Alan Turing

    Alan Turing: Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine
  • Konard Zuse

    Konrad Zuse: Konrad Zuse creates the Z1 Computer a binary digital computer using punch tape
  • George Stibitz

    George Stibitz: George Stibitz develops the Complex Number Calculator - a foundation for digital computers
  • Hewlett Packard

    Hewlett Packard: William Hewlett and David Packard start Hewlett Packard
  • ABC

    John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry: John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry develop the ABC (Atanasoft-Berry Computer) prototype
  • Enigma

    Enigma: Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine
  • Colossus

    Colossus: Alan Turing develops the the code-breaking machine Colossus
  • Aiken & Hopper

    Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper: Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper designed the MARK series of computers at Harvard University

    ENIAC: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly develop the ENIAC ( Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)
  • Computer Bug

    Computer Bug: The term computer ‘bug’ as computer bug was first used by Grace Hopper
  • F.C. Wlliams

    F.C. Williams: F.C. Williams develops his cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to random-access memory (RAM)
  • Pilot ACE

    Pilot ACE: Donald Watts Davies joins Alan Turing to build the fastest digital computer in England at the time, the Pilot ACE
  • William Shockley

    William Shockley: William Shockley invents the transistor at Bell Labs
  • douglas engelbart

    Douglas Engelbart: Douglas Engelbart theorises on interactive computing with keyboard and screen display instead of on punchcards
  • Andrew Donald Booth

    Andrew Donald Booth: Andrew Donald Booth invents magnetic drum memory
  • Fredrick Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn

    Frederic Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn: Frederic Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn develop the SSEM "Small Scale Experimental Machine" digital CRT storage which was soon nicknamed the "Baby"
  • Claude Shannon

    Claude Shannon: Claude Shannon builds the first machine that plays chess
  • Howard Aiken

    Howard Aiken: Howard Aiken develops the Harvard-MARK III
  • Hideo Yamachito

    Hideo Yamachito: The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito
  • Alan Turing

    Alan Turing: Alan Turing publishes his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence which helps create the Turing Test.
  • LEO

    LEO: T. Raymond Thompson and John Simmons develop the first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) at Lyons Co.

    UNIVAC: UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was introduced - the first commercial computer made in the United States and designed principally by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly

    EDVAC: The EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) begins performing basic tasks. Unlike the ENIAC, it was binary rather than decimal
  • IBM 701

    The IBM 701 becomes available and a total of 19 are sold to the scientific community
  • John Backus

    John Backus & IBM: John Backus & IBM develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
  • Bell Labs

    Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer
  • Optical Fiber

    Optical fiber was invented by Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss
  • Sputnik I & II

    Sputnik I and Sputnik II: Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians
  • ARPA

    ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) and NASA is formed
  • Silicon Chip

    Silicon chip: The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
  • Paul Baran

    Paul Baran: Paul Baran theorises on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack", digital technology and symbiosis between humans and machines

    COBOL: The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.
  • Unimate

    Unimate: General Motors puts the first industrial robot, Unimate, to work in a New Jersey factory.
  • First computer game

    The first computer game: The first computer game Spacewar Computer Game invented BY Steve Russell & MIT
  • Computer Mouse

    The Computer Mouse: Douglas Engelbart invents and patents the first computer mouse (nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end)

    The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange among computers
  • Word processor

    Word processor: IBM introduces the first word processor

    BASIC: John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language (BASIC)
  • Hypertext

    Hypertext: Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson coin the term "hypertext"
  • Floppy Disk

    Floppy Disk: IBM creates the first floppy disk
  • Seymour Cray

    Seymour Cray: Seymour Cray develops the CDC 7600, the first supercomputer
  • Gary Starkweather

    Gary Starkweather: Gary Starkweather invents the laser printer whilst working with Xerox

    ARPANET: The U.S. Department of Defense sets up the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET ) this network was the first building blocks to what the internet is today but originally with the intention of creating a computer network that could withstand any type of disaster.
  • RAM

    RAM: Intel introduces the world's first available dynamic RAM ( random-access memory) chip and the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.
  • E-mail

    E-mail: E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson
  • LCD

    Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ): Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ) was invented by James Fergason
  • Pocket calculator

    Pocket calculator: Pocket calculator was invented by Sharp Corporation
  • Floppy Disk

    Floppy Disk: Floppy Disk was invented by David Noble with IBM - Nicknamed the "Floppy" for its flexibility.
  • First Video Game

    First Video Game: Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game
  • CD

    The CD: The compact disc is invented in the United States
  • LAN

    Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs: Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol
  • Personal computer

    Personal computer: The minicomputer Xerox Alto (1973) was a landmark step in the development of personal computers
  • Gateways

    Gateways: Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop gateway routing computers to negotiate between the various national networks
  • SQL

    SQL: IBM develops SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) now known as SQL

    WYSIWYG: Charles Simonyi coins the term WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) to describe the ability of being able to display a file or document exactly how it is going to be printed or viewed
  • Portable Computers

    Portable computers: Altair produces the first portable computer
  • Microsoft Corporation

    Microsoft Corporation: The Microsoft Corporation was founded April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800
  • Apple

    Apple: Apple Computers was founded Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs
  • Apple II

    Apple Computer’s Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics, is demonstrated

    MODEM: Ward Christensen writes the programme "MODEM" allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a phone line
  • Magnetic Tape

    Magnetic tape: The first magnetic tape is developed in the US
  • Over 1/2 million computers in US

    Over half a million computers are in use in the United States
  • Paul Allen & Bill Gates

    Paul Allen and Bill Gates: IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. They buy the rights to a simple operating system manufactured by Seattle Computer Products and use it as a template to develop DOS.
  • Microsoft

    Microsoft: MS-DOS Computer Operating System increases its success
  • WordPerfect

    WordPerfect: WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program
  • Commodore 64

    Commodore 64: The Commodore 64 becomes the best-selling computer of all time.
  • SMTP

    SMTP: SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is introduced
  • 10 million + computers in the US

    More than 10 million computers are in use in the United States
  • DNS

    Domain Name System (DNS): Domain Name System (DNS) pioneered by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge. Seven 'top-level' domain names are initially introduced: edu, com, gov, mil, net, org and int.
  • Windows

    Windows: Microsoft Windows introduced eliminating the need for a user to have to type each command, like MS-DOS, by using a mouse to navigate through drop-down menus, tabs and icons
  • Apple Macintosh

    Apple Macintosh: Apple introduces the Macintosh with mouse and window interface
  • Cyberspace

    Cyberspace: William Gibson coins the word cyberspace when he publishes Neuromancer
  • Paul Brainard

    Paul Brainard introduces Pagemaker for the Macintosh creating the desktop publishing field.
  • nintendo

    The Nintendo Entertainment System makes its debut
  • 30 million + computers in US

    More than 30 million computers are in use in the United States.
  • Microsoft Works

    Microsoft introduces Microsoft Works
  • Perl

    Larry Wall introduces Perl 1.0
  • +45 million Pcs in US

    Over 45 million PCs are in use in the United States
  • The Internet, World Wide Web & Tim Berners-Lee

    Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau propose a 'hypertext' system starting the modern Internet
  • Micro. & IBM stop working together

    Microsoft and IBM stop working together to develop operating systems
  • WWW is launched

    The World Wide Web: The World Wide Web is launched to the public on August 6, 1991
  • 50 W.W.W servers

    At the beginning of the year only 50 World Wide Web servers are known to exist
  • W.W.W Consortium

    The World Wide Web Consortium is founded by Tim Berners-Lee to help with the development of common protocols for the evolution of the World Wide Web

    YAHOO: YAHOO is created in April, 1994.
  • Java

    Java: Java is introduced
  • Amazon

    Amazon: is founded by Jeff Bezos
  • EBay

    EBay: EBay is founded by Pierre Omidyar
  • Hotmail

    Hotmail: Hotmail is started by Jack Smith and Sabeer Bhatia
  • WebTV

    WebTV: WebTV is introduced
  • Altavista

    Altavista introduces its free online translator Babel Fish
  • Microsoft acquires Hotmail

    Microsoft acquires Hotmail
  • Google

    Google: Google is founded by Sergey Brin and Larry Page on September 7, 1998
  • PayPal

    PayPal is founded by Peter Thiel and Max Levchin
  • Xbox

    Xbox: Bill Gates introduces the Xbox on January 7th 2001
  • 1 billion PCs sold

    Approximately 1 billion PCs been sold
  • PayPal is acquired by ebay

    PayPal is acquired by eBay
  • eBay acquires Skype

    September 12: eBay acquires Skype
  • Skype had +100 million users

    Skype announces that it has over 100 million registered users.