Computer History Timeline

  • Period: Jan 1, 724 to

    Computer History

  • Sep 13, 724

    Liang Ling-Can

    Liang Ling-Can
    Liang Ling-Can invents the first fully mechanical clock
  • Sep 13, 1492

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Leonardo da Vinci
    Drawings by Leonardo da Vinci depict inventions such as flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots
  • John Napier

    John Napier
    John Napier invents a system of moveable rods (Napier's Rods) based on logarithms which was able to multiply, divide and calculate square and cube roots
  • William Oughtred

    William Oughtred
    William Oughtred develops slide rules
  • Calculating Clock

    Calculating Clock
    Invented by Wilhelm Schickard
  • Blaise Pascal

    Blaise Pascal
    Blaise Pascal invents the the "Pascaline", a mechanical adding machine
  • Gottfried Leibniz

    Gottfried Leibniz
    Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus
  • Joseph-Marie Jacquard

    Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents an automatic loom controlled by punched cards
  • Joseph-Marie Jacquard

    Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents an automatic loom controlled by punched cards
  • Arithmometer

    The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced calculator invented by Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar
  • Analytical Engine

    The Analytical Engine was invented by Charles Babbage
  • Morse code

    Samuel Morse invents Morse code
  • Boolean algebra

    Boolean algebra is invented by George Boole
  • Tabulating Machine

    Per Georg Scheutz and his son Edvard invent the Tabulating Machine
  • William Stanley Jevons

    William Stanley Jevons designs a practical logic machine
  • Ramon Verea

    Ramon Verea invents a fast calculator with an internal multiplication table
  • Alexander Graham Bell

    Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone called the Photophone
  • Comptometer

    The Comptometer is an invention of Dorr E. Felt which is operated by pressing keys
  • Apple Macintosh

    Apple introduces the Macintosh with mouse and window interface
  • Herman Hollerith

    Herman Hollerith invents a counting machine which increment mechanical counters
  • Guglielmo Marconi

    Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi
  • Tabulating Machine Company

    Herman Hollerith forms the Tabulating Machine Company which later becomes IBM
  • Nikola Tesla

    Remote control was invented by Nikola Tesla
  • Lee De Forest

    Lee De Forest invents the electronic tube
  • IBM

    IBM is formed on June 15, 1911
  • Philo Farnsworth

    Television Electronic was invented by Philo Farnsworth
  • John Logie Baird

    Electro Mechanical television system was invented by John Logie Baird
  • Vannevar Bush

    Vannevar Bush develops a partly electronic Difference Engine
  • Kurt Godel

    Kurt Godel publishes a paper on the use of a universal formal language
  • Alan Turing

    Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine
  • Konrad Zuse

    Konrad Zuse creates the Z1 Computer a binary digital computer using punch tape
  • George Stibitz

    George Stibitz develops the Complex Number Calculator - a foundation for digital computers
  • Enigma

    Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine
  • Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper

    Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper designed the MARK series of computers at Harvard University

    John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly develop the ENIAC ( Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)
  • F.C. Williams

    F.C. Williams develops his cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to random-access memory (RAM)
  • Pilot ACE

    Donald Watts Davies joins Alan Turing to build the fastest digital computer in England at the time, the Pilot ACE
  • Andrew Donald Booth

    Andrew Donald Booth invents magnetic drum memory
  • Claude Shannon

    Claude Shannon builds the first machine that plays chess
  • Hideo Yamachito

    The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito.
  • LEO

    T. Raymond Thompson and John Simmons develop the first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) at Lyons Co
  • The IBM 701 becomes available and a total of 19 are sold to the scientific community.

  • John Backus & IBM

    John Backus & IBM develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
  • Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer.

  • Optical fiber was invented by Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss

  • Sputnik I and Sputnik II: Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians

  • ARPA

    (Advanced Research Projects Agency) and NASA is forme
  • Silicon chip

    The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
  • Paul Baran

    Paul Baran theorises on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack", digital technology and symbiosis between humans and machines

    The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.
  • Unimate

    General Motors puts the first industrial robot, Unimate, to work in a New Jersey factory.
  • General Motors puts the first industrial robot, Unimate, to work in a New Jersey factory.

    The first computer game Spacewar Computer Game invented BY Steve Russell & MIT
  • The Computer Mouse

    The Computer Mouse
    Douglas Engelbart invents and patents the first computer mouse (nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end)
  • Word processor

    IBM introduces the first word processor

    John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Language (BASIC)
  • Hypertext

    Andries van Dam and Ted Nelson coin the term "hypertext"
  • Floppy Disk

    IBM creates the first floppy disk
  • Seymour Cray

    Seymour Cray develops the CDC 7600, the first supercomputer
  • RAM

    Intel introduces the world's first available dynamic RAM ( random-access memory) chip and the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004
  • E-mail

    E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson
  • First Video Game

    Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game
  • Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs

    Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol
  • SQL

    IBM develops SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) now known as SQL
  • Portable computers

    Altair produces the first portable computer
  • Apple

    Apple Computers was founded Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs

    Ward Christensen writes the programme "MODEM" allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a phone line
  • Magnetic tape

    The first magnetic tape is developed in the US
  • Over half a million computers are in use in the United States

  • Paul Allen and Bill Gates

    IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. They buy the rights to a simple operating system manufactured by Seattle Computer Products and use it as a template to develop DOS.
  • Microsoft

    MS-DOS Computer Operating System increases its success
  • WordPerfect

    WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program
  • Paul Brainard

    Paul Brainard introduces Pagemaker for the Macintosh creating the desktop publishing field.
  • The Internet, World Wide Web & Tim Berners-Lee

    The Internet, World Wide Web & Tim Berners-Lee
    Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau propose a 'hypertext' system starting the modern Internet
  • The World Wide Web

    The World Wide Web
    The World Wide Web is launched to the public on August 6, 1991
  • The World Wide Web Consortium is founded by Tim Berners-Lee to help with the development of common protocols for the evolution of the World Wide Web

    The World Wide Web Consortium is founded by Tim Berners-Lee to help with the development of common protocols for the evolution of the World Wide Web
  • Java

    Java is introduced
  • WebTV

    WebTV is introduced
  • WebTV is introduced

  • Google

    Google is founded by Sergey Brin and Larry Page on September 7, 1998
  • Xbox

    Bill Gates introduces the Xbox on January 7th 2001
  • Approximately 1 billion PCs been sold

    Approximately 1 billion PCs been sold
  • September 12: eBay acquires Skype

    September 12: eBay acquires Skype
  • Skype

    announces that it has over 100 million registered users