Competition Between American Indians and Ranchers in 1800's

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    Native Americans vs Ranchers

  • Battle of Sand Creek

    Battle of Sand Creek
    The Battle of Sand Creek was fought between the Cheyene Indians and American Forces. This battle was the bloodiest battle fought between Native Americans and Americans so far. Over 98 Native Americans were killed in the battle. The American Forces won the battle but it started many clashes in the Plains between the Native Americans and Settlers like Ranchers. This battle started the Indian Wars, a time period were many battles were fought between Native Americans and Federal Troops in the Plains
  • Cattle Boom

    Cattle Boom
    The cattle boom of 1867 removed many farmers from the fields and a mass amount a people began to purchase many cattle. This event increased ranching in the West and attracted many Ranchers to move West. The Cattle Boom produced more trade and increased railroad lines becuase cattle were transported through that type of transportation.
  • Treaty of Medicine Lodge Creek

    Treaty of Medicine Lodge Creek
    Also known as the Indian Peace Comission this treaty was established by Congress in order to negotiate peace with Native American tribes living in the Plains. The Treaty promised reservation land, supplies, and a school in Oklahoma to the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa, and Comanche in return for their cooperation. A notable member of the peace commission include Lt. Gen. William T. Sherman. It was partly established in hope for beter relations between Ranchers and Native Americans.
  • Indian Territory in the 1880's

    Indian Territory in the 1880's
    In 1850 Native Americans controlled all of the land west of the Mississippi, and as shown it was drastically reduced in 30 years.
  • Geronimo the Apache

    Geronimo the Apache
    The Fabled Apache finally turns imself in after years of attacking and raiding Western Settlers. He did so by escaping from his reservation with many Warriors and after he was done attacking settlers camps, he would return to the reservation safe from federal troops.
  • Oklahoma Land Rush

    Oklahoma Land Rush
    On the morning of this day, about 50,000 settlers lined up on the Oklahoma border. At a signal all of them rushed into the Oklahoma Interior and staked claims on over 11,000 homesteads. Many towns sprung up overnight but not all settlers stayed.
  • End of Cattle Boom

    End of Cattle Boom
    Many factors caused the Cattle Boom to end. For almost ten years ranchers had been gaining more and more cattle that by 1890 the amount of cattle exceeded the demand. This caused beef prices to drop dramatically. Also barbed wire was invented and ranchers with lots of land could fence off their land and forced many small ranchers to go out of buisness. Lastly severe blizzards between 1886-1887 caused almost 90% of the herds to die off. The ranchers turned to expanding their sheep herds.
  • Wounded Knee Masacre

    Wounded Knee Masacre
    Wounded Knee was a battle fought between Sioux Indians and Fedral troops in Wounded Knee, South Dakota. More than 150 Siouxs and about 25 Fedral Troops were killed in the battle. This battle was the last significant battle of the Indian Wars.